Microsoft KB Archive/144608

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PSS ID Number: 144608

Article Last Modified on 10/4/2002

The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Word for the Macintosh 6.0
  • Microsoft Word for the Macintosh 6.0.1
  • Microsoft Word for the Macintosh 6.0.1a
  • Microsoft Word for Windows 6.0
  • Microsoft Word for Windows 6.0a
  • Microsoft Word for Windows 6.0c
  • Microsoft Word for Windows 95 7.0
  • Microsoft Word for Windows 95 7.0a
  • Microsoft Word 98 Macintosh Edition

This article was previously published under Q144608


The following error messages may appear in place of the POSTNET (POSTal Numeric Encoding Technique) barcode when using the BARCODE field:

ZIP Code not valid!


No ZIP Code!


The BARCODE field generates this result under the following cases.

Case 1

The BARCODE field in the mailing labels or envelopes mail merge main document refers to the wrong field.

Case 2

The ZIP Code portion of the mailing address contains invalid characters, such as non-breaking hyphens, symbols, extra spaces, or other special characters.

Case 3

The layout of the BARCODE field is incorrect.


Case 1

If the BARCODE field refers to the wrong field for the ZIP Code information, edit the BARCODE field and change the MERGEFIELD reference to the correct field name. Follow these steps to edit the BARCODE field:

  1. Select the "ZIP Code not valid" error.
  2. Display the field codes by pressing SHIFT+F9 (or click Options on the Tools menu, click the View tab, select Field Codes, and then click OK). The following field codes appear:

    {BARCODE { MERGEFIELD address1} <P>
    {MERGEFIELD zipcodefield} \u}

    where "address1" is the field containing the street address or postal box information, "

    " represents a paragraph mark, and "zipcodefield" is the field containing the ZIP Code information.

  3. Ensure that "zipcodefield" is the name of the field that contains the ZIP Code information. If not, select it and replace it with the correct field name.
  4. Toggle the field codes off by pressing SHIFT+F9 (or click Options on the Tools menus, click the View tab, clear the Field Codes option box, and then click OK).

Case 2

If the data document contains invalid characters in the ZIP Code field, remove the invalid characters and replace them, if necessary, with valid characters. The only valid characters allowed in the ZIP Code field are numeric digits (arabic numerals) and a hyphen (dash) as the separator for the Zip+4.

Case 3

The BARCODE field must span two lines (it must contain a paragraph mark) and must include quotation marks in the right places. If it does not meet these requirements, Word changes the last two digits of the barcode to 99.

Incorrect BARCODE field:

{BARCODE "{ MERGEFIELD address1 } {MERGEFIELD zipcodefield }" \u }

Correct BARCODE field

{BARCODE "{ MERGEFIELD address1 } <P>
{MERGEFIELD zipcodefield }" \u }
where "

" represents a paragraph mark.

If the BARCODE field is not formatted correctly, press ENTER to move the second half of the field onto the second line, and type the quotation marks.


ZIP Code information referenced by the BARCODE field must be formatted as five numbers followed by a hyphen, followed by four numbers. The "ZIP Code not valid!" error occurs if the data does not match the above mentioned format, or invalid characters are used. The only valid characters are arabic numerals and the hyphen character.

NOTE: Since the BARCODE field reads the data from left to right, a space after the last digit of the ZIP Code does not generate this error.

To view paragraph marks and other non-printing characters, click the Show/Hide button on the Standard Toolbar.

For additional information on adding or creating a postal barcode in Microsoft Word or if the barcode produces the incorrect results, please see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

112252 Word Assigns a Delivery Point Bar Code (DPBC) of 99

126863 Delivery Point Bar Code Uses 99 in Last Two Digits of Address

105576 Position of Bar Codes is Certified by U.S. Postal Service

Additional query words: barcode code mail merge valid zip 8.0 8.00 macword98

Keywords: kberrmsg kbfield kbprb KB144608
Technology: kbHWMAC kbOSMAC kbWord600 kbWord600a kbWord600c kbWord600Mac kbWord601aMac kbWord601Mac kbWord95 kbWord95a kbWord95Search kbWord98 kbWord98Search kbWordMacSearch kbWordSearch kbZNotKeyword2