Microsoft KB Archive/108316

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DOC: Incorrect Hard-Coded Values in SDK BITMAP.C Sample


3.10 WINDOWS kbprg kbfile

The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit (SDK) 3.1


When running the BITMAP.C sample, no problems occur if the code is compiled and run as-is, without modifications. However, many possible symptoms can occur if the user modifies or adds to the code. BITMAP.C contains several calls to the function GetObject(), all of which pass a constant for the cbBuffer parameter, rather than a sizeof(BITMAP); that is

   GetObject(hBitmap, 16, &Bitmap); 

rather than:

   GetObject(hBitmap, sizeof(BITMAP), &Bitmap); 

Unfortunately, the size of the BITMAP structure under Windows 3.1 is 14 bytes, so each such call to GetObject overwrites the variable after Bitmap. Depending on what that variable is, this code could produce a wide range of erratic behavior.

In the BITMAP.C sample code, the variable following Bitmap is

   BOOL bTrack = FALSE;        // TRUE if user is selecting a region. 

(Note that both Bitmap and bTrack are global.) Because bTrack is set to TRUE only while the mouse button is down, and the GetObject calls are done only during initialization and when a menu item is selected (which can't be done with the mouse button down), this problem becomes apparent only when the user modifies the code (for example by adding some other variable after Bitmap).

Check any code that is based on the old BITMAP.C sample, and replace the constant 16 with sizeof(BITMAP):

   GetObject(hBitmap, sizeof(BITMAP), &Bitmap). 

Additional query words: 3.10 docerr

Keywords : kbdocfix kbOSWin310 _IK kbSDKWin16
Issue type :
Technology : kbAudDeveloper kbWin3xSearch kbSDKSearch kbWinSDKSearch kbWinSDK310

Last Reviewed: July 16, 1999
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