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Microsoft KB Archive/248754

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Knowledge Base


Article ID: 248754

Article Last Modified on 7/1/2004



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.1
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.1 Service Pack 1
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.1 Service Pack 2
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.5
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.6
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.7
  • Microsoft OLE DB Provider for Oracle Server 1.0
  • Microsoft OLE DB Provider for Oracle Server 1.0
  • Microsoft OLE DB Provider for Oracle Server 1.0



This article was previously published under Q248754

SUMMARY

Hierarchical recordsets in ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) give an alternative to using JOIN and GROUP BY syntax when you need to access parent-child and summary data. It is possible to create these recordsets based on recordsets created from Oracle procedures. This article gives an example of the ADO SHAPE command syntax and ADO code necessary for producing hierarchical recordsets from an Oracle Stored Procedure.

MORE INFORMATION

Sample Code

  1. Run the following DDL script on your Oracle server:

          DROP TABLE Cust;
    
             CREATE TABLE Cust
              (CustID     NUMBER(22,6) PRIMARY KEY,
               Name   VARCHAR2(50));
    
             INSERT INTO Cust VALUES(100,'Sam');
    
             INSERT INTO Cust VALUES(222,'Kent');
    
             INSERT INTO Cust VALUES(333,'Sally');
    
          DROP TABLE Ord;
        
         CREATE TABLE Ord
         (ORDID     Number(22,4) Primary Key,
          CustID    Number(22,6),
          Total     Number(8,2));
    
        
         INSERT INTO Ord VALUES(133,100,231);
    
             INSERT INTO Ord VALUES(123,222,899);
    
             INSERT INTO Ord VALUES(122,333,988);
    
     COMMIT;
    / 
    
                        
  2. Create the following package on your Oracle server:

           CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE packOrders
             AS
                 TYPE tTotal is TABLE of  NUMBER(8,2)
                 INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER;
             TYPE CCustid is TABLE of  NUMBER(22,6)
                 INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER;
                 TYPE OCustid is TABLE of  NUMBER(22,6)
                 INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER;
                 TYPE tname is TABLE of VARCHAR2(50)
                 INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER;
                 
                    PROCEDURE GetCust
                            (name OUT tname, Custid OUT CCUstid);
                PROCEDURE GetOrders
                        (Total OUT tTotal, Custid OUT OCUstid);
             END packOrders;
    / 
    
    
                        
  3. Create the following package body on your Oracle server:

       CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY packOrders
             AS
    
             PROCEDURE GetCust
                         (name OUT tname, Custid OUT CCustid)
             IS
                 CURSOR Orders_cur IS
                         SELECT Custid, Name FROM Cust;
    
                 percount NUMBER DEFAULT 1;
          
          BEGIN
                  FOR singleperson IN Orders_cur
                  LOOP   
                  Custid(percount) := Singleperson.Custid;
                          name(percount) := singleperson.name;
                          percount := percount + 1;
                  END LOOP;
              END;
    
    
             PROCEDURE GetOrders
                   (Total OUT tTotal, Custid OUT OCustid)
             IS
               CURSOR person_cur IS
                          SELECT Custid, total FROM Ord;
    
                  percount NUMBER DEFAULT 1;
         BEGIN
                 FOR singleperson IN person_cur
                 LOOP
                 Custid(percount) := Singleperson.Custid;
                         Total(percount) := singleperson.total;
                         percount := percount + 1;
                 END LOOP;
             END;
             END;
    / 
    
                        
  4. Open a new project in Visual Basic Enterprise edition. Form1 is created by default.
  5. From the Project menu, click References, and select Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects.
  6. From the Project menu, click Components, and select the Microsoft DataGrid Control 6.0.
  7. Place the following controls on the form:

       Control     Name
       --------------------
       Button      Command1
       DataGrid    DataGrid1
       DataGrid    DataGrid2
    
                        
  8. Place the following code in the code module of Form1:

    Private Sub Command1_Click()
    
    Dim cn As New ADODB.Connection
    Dim rs As New ADODB.Recordset
    
    Dim lcCOnn As String
    
    lcCOnn = "Provider=MSDATASHAPE;Data Provider=Msdaora;" & _
                    "Data Source=dseoracle8;User Id=demo;Password=demo"
    
    cn.Open lcCOnn
    
    rs.Open "SHAPE {{call packOrders.GetOrders({resultset 22, CustID, Total})}} " & _
            "AS Command1 APPEND ({{call packOrders.GetCust({resultset 9, CustId, Name}) }} " & _
            "AS Command2 RELATE 'Custid' TO 'Custid') AS Command2", cn
    
    Set DataGrid1.DataSource = rs
    Set DataGrid2.DataSource = rs(2).Value
    
    
    End Sub
    
    Private Sub Form_Load()
    Command1.Caption = "Populate Grid"
    End Sub
                        
  9. Run the Project and click the Command1 button.RESULT: The Grid populates with the parent and child recordsets.


REFERENCES

For additional information, click the article numbers below to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

174981 How To Retrieve Typical Resultsets From Oracle Stored Procedures


189657 How To Use the ADO SHAPE Command


185425 INFO ADO Hierarchical Recordsets via SHAPE APPEND w/C++/VBA/Java


Keywords: kbhowto kboracle kbdatabase KB248754