Microsoft KB Archive/88866

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WD: Macro to Determine If a File Exists on Disk


The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Word for Windows, versions 1.0, 1.1, 1.1a, 2.0, 2.0a, 2.0a-CD, 2.0b, 2.0c, 6.0, 6.0a, 6.0c
  • Microsoft Word for Windows 95, versions 7.0, 7.0a
  • Microsoft Word for the Macintosh, versions 6.0, 6.0.1, 6.0.1a


The following sample WordBasic macros determine if a specified file exists in the current folder.

These macros can help you avoid receiving error messages such as "File not found" and "Document does not exist" when you open or delete specific files using WordBasic.


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Macro 1: Check the Current Default Directory

      a$ = Files$("TEST.TXT")
      If a$ <> "" Then MsgBox "File Exists", a$
   End Sub 

NOTE: The Files$ command returns a null string ("") if the specified file is not found.

Macro 2: Change Current Directory

   Sub MAIN
      ChDir "C:\WinWord"
      a$ = Files$("newmacro.doc")
      If a$ = "NEWMACRO.DOC" Then MsgBox "File Exists", a$
      ' The above file name within the If statement must be uppercase.
   End Sub 

NOTE: Word 6 for the Macintosh users should be sure to include a valid Macintosh path, for example:

Mac HD:Microsoft Word 6:Test Document

The following macro tests whether the "Test1.doc" file exists in the current directory before using the WordBasic Kill command to delete the file named Test1.doc.

   Sub MAIN
      a$ = Files$("TEST1.DOC")
      If a$ <> "" Then Kill a$
   End Sub 


"Using WordBasic," by WexTech Systems and Microsoft, page 207

Additional query words: wordcon winword2 files

Keywords : kbdtacode kbwordvba kbofficeprog
Issue type : kbinfo
Technology : kbWordSearch kbWordWSearch kbWordMSearch

Last Reviewed: December 29, 2000
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