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Microsoft KB Archive/165403

From BetaArchive Wiki

Windows 95 Update Prevents Sending Clear-Text Password Over Net


The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Windows 95
  • Microsoft Windows 98


Using a program specifically designed for such a purpose, it may be possible to force a Windows 95-based computer running the Microsoft Client for Microsoft Networks to send a user's logon name and password across the network in a clear-text format, instead of the normal encrypted format. It may then be possible to intercept and read that password using such a program.


When a Windows 95-based computer running the Microsoft Client for Microsoft Networks (which uses the SMB file-sharing protocol) connects to an SMB server, a negotiation takes place to determine which dialect of the SMB protocol will be used for communication. Microsoft Networking clients and servers generally support the ability to use older SMB dialects to support interoperability with older products. Some of these older dialects do not support sending passwords over the network in an encrypted form. When such a dialect is negotiated, passwords are sent over the network in clear-text form.


This issue is resolved by the following updated files for Windows 95:

   Vredir.vxd version 4.00.1114 (dated 6/2/97) and later
   Vnetsup.vxd version 4.00.1112 (dated 6/2/97) and later 

To install this update, follow these steps:

  1. Download the Vrdrupd.exe file to an empty folder.
  2. In My Computer or Windows Explorer, double-click the Vrdrupd.exe file you downloaded in step 1.
  3. Follow the instructions on the screen.

The following file is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:

[GRAPHIC: Download]Download Vrdrupd.exe now]

For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

Q119591 How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services

Microsoft used the most current virus detection software available on the date of posting to scan this file for viruses. Once posted, the file is housed on secure servers that prevent any unauthorized changes to the file.

The following files are installed by Vrdrupd.exe:

   File name     Version    Date/Time        Size     Destination folder
   Vredir.vxd    4.00.1114  6/2/97 11:14a    156,773  Windows\System
   Vnetsup.vxd   4.00.1112  6/2/97 11:12a     17,595  Windows\System 


With this update installed, connecting to older SMB servers using the Client for Microsoft Networks is no longer possible, because these older servers do not support encryption of passwords sent over the network.

The following SMB servers are known not to support password encryption over the network:

  • LAN Manager for UNIX (including Hewlett-Packard LM/X)
  • Samba (unless configured for Challenge/Response password encryption)

For additional information about security in Microsoft products, see the following Microsoft Web site:

For additional information about this issue as it applies to Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

Q166730 With Unencrypted Password SP3 Fails to Connect to SMB Server

For additional information about issues resolved by updates to these components, see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

Q165402 Windows 95 Update to Encrypt Passwords in Memory

Q161100 File May Be Truncated When Copied to a Full Network Drive

Q157114 "Access Denied" Attempting to Run File on LM/X Server

Q156497 Duplicate Print Output on PC-LAN Server from Windows 95 Client

Q152186 Possible Network Data Corruption If Locking Not Used

Q148367 Possible Network File Corruption with Redirector Caching

Q142803 Updated Vredir.vxd Corrects Problems Accessing Database Files

Q140558 Deleting Files on Samba Servers May Delete Local Files Instead

Q138249 Updated Vredir.vxd Corrects Errors Running Files on LMX

Q160807 Cannot Connect to Windows NT Server with Many Shares

Q150215 Disabling Automatic Network Shortcut Resolution

Q138014 File May Be Truncated to Zero Bytes When Copied Onto Itself

Q136834 Error Copying Read-Only Files to Core SMB Server

Additional query words: hp

Keywords : kbfile kbnetwork osr1 osr2 win95 kbgraphxlinkcritical
Issue type :
Technology : kbWin95search kbWin98search kbWin95 kbWin98

Last Reviewed: June 13, 2001
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