Microsoft KB Archive/47491

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How SUB and FUNCTION Windows Inherit DEFtype in QB.EXE Editor

Article ID: 47491

Article Last Modified on 11/21/2006

This article was previously published under Q47491


The following information applies to the QB.EXE editor in QuickBasic versions 4.00, 4.00b, and 4.50; to the QB.EXE editor in Microsoft Basic Compiler versions 6.00 and 6.00b; and to the QBX.EXE editor in Microsoft Basic Professional Development System (PDS) versions 7.00 and 7.10.

When creating SUB or FUNCTION procedures in the QB.EXE or QBX.EXE editor, the procedures inherit the DEFtype statement shown in the window in which they were first created. "DEFtype" refers to the following statements: DEFINT, DEFLNG, DEFSNG, DEFDBL, DEFSTR, and DEFCUR. (DEFCUR, which is a declaration for the CURRENCY data type, is supported only in Basic PDS 7.00 and 7.10.)

If no DEFtype statement is visible in a window, the default DEFSNG A-Z applies. If a certain range of letters is not covered by a DEFtype statement in the current window, then that range of letters is covered by DEFSNG (since single precision is the default data type).

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If the module-level code for the current module contains a DEFINT A-Z statement, any SUB or FUNCTION created in that module automatically has a DEFINT A-Z statement placed just above the SUB or FUNCTION line.

If a SUB or FUNCTION is created and moved to a module (source file) with a different DEFtype than the module it was created in, the SUBprogram and its new module have different default variable types, and SHARED or passed variables may not be recognized in the SUBprogram. In this case, the variables that were intended to be SHARED may have the same name in both the SUBprogram and the module, but the variables are of different types and, thus, are considered different variables. You may encounter this same situation if you create a SUBprogram (which "inherits" the module-level DEFtype) and then change the DEFtype at the module level.

To avoid problems accessing SHARED or passed variables, you can either append the appropriate type-specifier character (%, &, !, #, or $) to the variable name, or make sure that all your SUBprograms have the same DEFtype as the module that calls them.

Code Example

Executing the following code prints the values 0 and 10, whereas you may have wanted 10 and 10. The reason for the difference is that while Y% is always an integer variable (the "%" type specifier ensures this) and, thus, is recognized as the COMMON SHARED variable Y% in the subprogram, "X" is an integer (because of the DEFINT) at the module level, and a double-precision variable (because of the DEFDBL before the SUB) in the SUBprogram. Thus, Y% is recognized as SHARED and changed correctly, while X is considered a local variable in the SUBprogram and the COMMON SHARED variable X remains unaltered.

   'Module-level code:
   CALL thesub
   PRINT X, Y%

   'SUBprogram level in same module -- different DEFtype statement:
   SUB thesub
     X = 5
     Y% = 10

Additional query words: QuickBas BasicCom

Keywords: KB47491