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Microsoft KB Archive/171134

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Knowledge Base


Article ID: 171134

Article Last Modified on 1/20/2007



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft Word 97 Standard Edition



This article was previously published under Q171134


SYMPTOMS

In Microsoft Word, you can use the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications CALL statement to run another subroutine; however, you cannot specify the name of the subroutine by using a string variable or concatenated strings. Attempting to do so may result in the following error:

Compile Error: Syntax error

WORKAROUND

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language being demonstrated and the tools used to create and debug procedures. Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific needs. If you have limited programming experience, you may want to contact a Microsoft Certified Partner or the Microsoft fee-based consulting line at (800) 936-5200. For more information about Microsoft Certified Partners, please visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For more information about the support options that are available and about how to contact Microsoft, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

If the variable strMacroName contains the name of the macro, use this statement:

   Application.Run strMacroName
                

Or, if you are using literal strings:

   Application.Run "Normal.Module1.MAIN"

   Application.Run "MyProject.MyModule.MyProcedure"

   Application.Run "'My Document.doc'!ThisModule.ThisProcedure"
                

If you specify the document or template name, your code can run macros only in documents or templates related to the current context; it cannot run any macro in any document or template.

Although Visual Basic code can call a macro directly (without using this method), this method is useful when the macro name is stored in a variable. The following two statements are functionally equivalent:

  <ProjectName>.<ModuleName>.<MacroName>
                
   Application.Run MacroName:="<ProjectName>.<ModuleName>.<MacroName>"

In cases where you call a literal string such as "AutoExec.Main", you must remove the quotation marks, as shown in the following example:

   CALL AutoExec.Main
                

NOTE: You cannot pass parameters to a macro by using the Run method.

MORE INFORMATION

The CALL statement uses the following syntax to call another subroutine

   CALL <subroutinename>
                

where <subroutinename> is the name of the subroutine.

In Visual Basic for Applications, you can use the following command

   Call [<ProjectName>].[<ModuleName>].<Macro_or_ProcedureName>
                

where <Project> is the name of the template or document, <Module> is the name of the module, and <Macro_or_ProcedureName> is the name of the macro or procedure.

In all cases, the argument for the CALL statement must be explicitly defined. For example, both

CALL <subroutinename>
                

where <subroutinename> is the name of the subroutine.

In Visual Basic for Applications, you can use the following command

   Call [<ProjectName>].[<ModuleName>].<Macro_or_ProcedureName>
                

where <Project> is the name of the template or document, <Module> is the name of the module, and <Macro_or_ProcedureName> is the name of the macro or procedure.

In all cases, the argument for the CALL statement must be explicitly defined. For example, both

   CALL strMacroName
                

-and-

   CALL "AutoExec.main"
                

cause the error:

Compile Error: Syntax error

For more information about the Call Statement, from the Visual Basic Editor, click the Office Assistant, type Call, click Search, and then click to view "Call Statement."

NOTE: If the Assistant is hidden, click the Office Assistant button on the Standard toolbar. If the Assistant is not able to answer your query, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

176476 OFF: Office Assistant Not Answering Visual Basic Questions


REFERENCES

For more information about getting help with Visual Basic for Applications, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

163435 VBA: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications


For more information about the Call statement, please see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

164058 Passing Procedure Arguments in Visual Basic for Applications

165518 Calling Macros Using OLE from MS Visual Basic Applications


For additional information, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

173707 OFF97: How to Run Sample Code from Knowledge Base Articles



Additional query words: offcon vb vba vbe

Keywords: kbdtacode kberrmsg kbnofix kbprb KB171134