Microsoft KB Archive/169377
Article ID: 169377
Article Last Modified on 11/20/2006
- Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Standard Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 Standard Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 6.5 Standard Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 6.0 Standard Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 4.21a Standard Edition
- Microsoft Internet Information Server 4.0
- Microsoft Internet Information Server 3.0
- Microsoft Internet Information Services 5.0
- Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Standard Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Developer Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Enterprise Edition
- Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Workgroup Edition
This article was previously published under Q169377
This article describes how to establish connections to SQL Server in an ASP script by using ActiveX Data Objects (ADO), while taking advantage of the connection pooling feature of ODBC 3.0.
Enable ODBC connection pooling.
For additional information about connection pooling and for instructions about how to enable this feature, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
164221 How to enable connection pooling in an ODBC application
Using the ODBC Administrator, create a System data source name (DSN) on the computer where Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) is installed. Specify the connection attribute one time, and then reuse it on every page. For example, in the Session_OnStart event in Global.asa file, define the connection attribute as:
Session("ConnectionString") = "dsn=SQLSysDSN;uid=<username>;pwd=<strong password>;DATABASE=pubs;APP=ASP Script"
Make sure that all the following conditions are true:
- The Trusted Connection box is not selected in the System DSN definition.
- The SQL Server security mode is not Windows NT Integrated.
- In the connection attribute, the uid is not blank.
Otherwise, a connection to SQL Server might fail, and you receive the following error message:
Use of the Global.asa file is optional. In its place, entries typically made in this file can be put on the first page called by the application. Assuming the ASP scripts are located in a folder that is not defined as a virtual directory in the Internet Service Manager, but below another virtual directory, the Global.asa file containing Session variables and DSN definitions must be kept in the virtual directory. Otherwise, you receive the following error message:
Connections in the ASP Script
Take advantage of connection pooling by opening and closing the connection to the database on every active server page. To open the connection, type the following statements in the <Body> section of the page:
<% Set OBJdbConnection = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection") OBJdbConnection.Open Session("ConnectionString") %>
To close the connection, put the following immediately after the </Body> tag:
<% OBJdbConnection.Close Set OBJdbConnection = Nothing %>
You may receive the following two error messages if the connection settings are not correctly defined as outlined earlier in this article:
Here is a sample application that consists of the Global.asa and the Authors.asp files. This sample application will return four columns and all the records in the pubs table named authors.
Note You must change UID <username> and pwd = to the correct values before you run this code. Make sure that UID has the appropriate permissions to perform this operation on the database.
<SCRIPT LANGUAGE=VBScript RUNAT=Server> Sub Session_OnStart Session("ConnectionString") = "DSN=SQLSysDSN;UID=<username>;PWD=<strong password>;DATABASE=pubs;APP=ASP script" Session("ConnectionTimeout") = 15 Session("CommandTimeout") = 30 End Sub Sub Session_OnEnd End Sub </SCRIPT>
<HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>All Authors</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF"> <% Set OBJdbConnection = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection") OBJdbConnection.ConnectionTimeout = Session("ConnectionTimeout") OBJdbConnection.CommandTimeout = Session("CommandTimeout") OBJdbConnection.Open Session("ConnectionString") Set SQLStmt = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Command") Set RS = Server.CreateObject ("ADODB.Recordset") %> <p> <table border="0" bordercolor="#000000"> <% SQLStmt.CommandText = "select * from authors" SQLStmt.CommandType = 1 Set SQLStmt.ActiveConnection = OBJdbConnection RS.Open SQLStmt Do While Not RS.EOF %> <TR> <TD Width = 150 ALIGN=LEFT> <FONT SIZE=+1> <%= RS("au_id") %> </FONT></TD> <TD></TD> <TD Width = 150 ALIGN=LEFT> <FONT SIZE=+1> <%= RS("au_lname") %> </FONT></TD> <TD Width = 150 ALIGN=LEFT> <FONT SIZE=+1> <%= RS("au_fname") %> </FONT></TD> <TD Width = 150 ALIGN=LEFT> <FONT SIZE=+1> <%= RS("phone") %> </FONT></TD> </TR> <% RS.MoveNext Loop %> </table> <hr> <p> </BODY> <% OBJdbConnection.Close Set OBJdbConnection = Nothing %> </HTML>
For more information about Active Server Pages, see the Roadmap provided by the ASP setup program on the IIS server.
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