Microsoft KB Archive/103258
Article ID: 103258
Article Last Modified on 1/18/2007
- Microsoft Access 1.1 Standard Edition
- Microsoft Access 2.0 Standard Edition
- Microsoft Access 95 Standard Edition
- Microsoft Access 97 Standard Edition
This article was previously published under Q103258
Advanced: Requires expert coding, interoperability, and multiuser skills.
When you are quitting Microsoft Excel over a dynamic data exchange (DDE) channel in Microsoft Access versions 1.1, 2.0, and 7.0, you may receive the following error message:
In Microsoft Access 97, you may receive the following error message:
Microsoft Excel version 4.0 automatically closes down any open DDE channels when quitting, rather than waiting for the DDE channels to be closed properly.
You can use one of the following two methods to work around this behavior. First, you can add an On Error Resume Next statement to your Microsoft Access function before the DDE quit command. The following sample function demonstrates this method:
Function CallExcel () Dim chan x = Shell("c:\excel\excel.exe c:\excel\macro1.xlm", 1) chan = DDEInitiate("Excel", "System") DDEExecute chan, "[Run(""macro1.xlm!Message"")]" AppActivate "Microsoft excel" On Error Resume Next DDEExecute chan, "[quit]" DDETerminate chan End Function
Second, you can have Microsoft Excel quit on its own, rather than having Microsoft Access send the quit instruction. You can do this by having the second to last line in a Microsoft Excel macro call another macro. The first macro will contain a line similar to
that will call a second macro in three seconds. The second macro will contain the two lines:
You can remove the DDE quit command from your Microsoft Access function if you use this method.
Steps to Reproduce Behavior
The following sample function will open Microsoft Excel and run a macro named Message. When the function instructs Microsoft Excel to quit, the error message mentioned in the "Symptoms" section will occur.
Function CallExcel () Dim chan x = Shell("c:\excel\excel.exe c:\excel\macro1.xlm", 1) chan = DDEInitiate("Excel", "System") DDEExecute chan, "[Run(""macro1.xlm!Message"")]" AppActivate "Microsoft excel" DDEExecute chan, "[quit]" DDETerminate chan End Function
For more information about the DDEInitiate() function, search the Help Index for "DDEInitiate," or ask the Microsoft Access 97 Office Assistant.
Keywords: kberrmsg kbinterop kbprb kbprogramming KB103258