Microsoft KB Archive/103181
Article ID: 103181
Article Last Modified on 1/18/2007
- Microsoft Access 1.0 Standard Edition
- Microsoft Access 1.1 Standard Edition
- Microsoft Access 2.0 Standard Edition
- Microsoft Access 95 Standard Edition
- Microsoft Access 97 Standard Edition
This article was previously published under Q103181
Moderate: Requires basic macro, coding, and interoperability skills.
When you run a query that takes its parameters from a form, no records are returned by the query if you leave the field blank. If you type an asterisk (*) in the field, only records with non-Null values are returned.
This article describes a method you can use to return all records, including those with Null values, when you leave the parameter blank.
NOTE: A demonstration of the technique used in this article can be seen in the sample file, Qrysmp97.exe. For information about how to obtain this sample file, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
182568 ACC97: Microsoft Access 97 Sample Queries Available in Download Center
The following example is based on the sample database Northwind.mdb (or NWIND.MDB in Microsoft Access 2.0 or earlier).
Create the following form not based on any table or query:
Form: Pick Employees -------------------- Control: Textbox ControlName: Region Control: Command Button Caption: Run Query OnClick: Run Employee Query
NOTE: In Microsoft Access 1.x, the Onclick property is called the OnPush property.
Create the following macro:
Macro Name Action ------------------------------ Run Employee Query OpenQuery Run Employee Query Actions -------------------------- OpenQuery: Query Name: Employee Query View: Datasheet Data Mode: Edit
Create the following query based on the Employees table:
Query: Employee Query --------------------- Field: First Name Show: True Field: Last Name Show: True Field: Region Show: True Criteria: Like Forms![Pick Employees]!Region & "*" Or: <leave blank> Field: Forms![Pick Employees]!Region Show: False Criteria: <leave blank> Or: Is Null
- Open the query in Design view. On the Query menu, click Parameters. Type "Forms![Pick Employees]!Region" (without the quotation marks) as the parameter name, with VALUE as the data type.
NOTE: If you have Microsoft Access 1.x or 2.0 with the Microsoft Jet database engine version 2.0, define your parameter as TEXT rather than VALUE.
- Open the Pick Employees form, type "WA" (without the quotation marks) in the Region field, and click the Run Query button. Note that the result set contains five employee names.
- Open the Pick Employees form, clear the Region field, and click the Run Query button again. Note that the result set now contains nine employee names, four with blank region codes.
By adding the parameter as a field, you can test the parameter and control the other criteria. The equivalent SQL Where condition is as follows:
Where Region Like Forms![Pick Employees]!Region & "*" Or Forms![Pick Employees]!Region Is Null
For more information about this topic, search the Help Index for "like operator," or ask the Microsoft Access 97 Office Assistant.
Additional query words: queries
Keywords: kbhowto KB103181