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Microsoft KB Archive/102693

From BetaArchive Wiki

PSS ID Number: 102693

Article Last Modified on 5/5/2001



The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler for MS-DOS 5.1



This article was previously published under Q102693

SYMPTOMS

An attempt to link a dynamic-link library (DLL) for the Microsoft Windows operating system fails and Microsoft LINK generates the following message:

error L2029: '_exit' : unresolved external

CAUSE

Microsoft FORTRAN does not support using the STOP statement in a DLL developed for Windows.

RESOLUTION

To terminate the DLL and the calling application, use the SendMessage() function in the Windows application programming interface (API) to send the calling application a WM_QUIT message. The code example below demonstrates this technique.

MORE INFORMATION

The code example below terminates the DLL and the calling application after displaying a message box warning the user to save all data.

Sample Code - EXIT.FOR

C Compiler options needed: /c /Od /Zi /AL

      interface to integer*2 function PostAppMessage[pascal]
     + (htask, msg, wparam, lparam)
      integer*2 htask[value]
      integer*2 msg[value]
      integer*2 wparam[value]
      integer*4 lparam[value]
      end

      interface to integer*2 function GetCurrentTask[pascal]
      end

      interface to integer*2 function MessageBox[pascal]
     + (hwnd, boxtext, caption, boxtype)
      integer*2   hwnd[value]
      character*1 boxtext[reference]
      character*1 caption[reference]
      integer*2   boxtype[value]
      end

      subroutine exit
      integer*2 in
      character buffer1*120, buffer2*80
      integer*2 i, WM_QUIT, PostAppMessage, GetCurrentTask, MessageBox
      WM_QUIT = #12

      buffer1 =
     +'************** DLL issued STOP Statement ************'// 
     +'\n  Application will terminate. Save contents of windows NOW'c
      buffer2 = 'DLL STOP'c

      i = MessageBox(0, buffer1, buffer2, 0)
      i = PostAppMessage(GetCurrentTask(), WM_QUIT, in, 0)
      return
      end
                

The following QuickWin driver program calls the subroutine in DLLTEST.FOR.

Sample Code - TEST.FOR

C Compiler options needed: /c /Od /Zi /MW

      program testdllstop
      print *, 'before calling DLL'
      call dllsub
      print *, 'back from sub1'
      end
                

The following DLL displays a dialog box and calls the exit subroutine to close the DLL and the calling application.

Sample Code - DLLTEST.FOR

C Compiler options needed: /c /Od /Zi /Aw /Gw

      interface to integer*2 function MessageBox[pascal]
     + (hwnd, boxtext, caption, boxtype)
      integer*2   hwnd[value]
      character*1 boxtext[reference]
      character*1 caption[reference]
      integer*2   boxtype[value]
      end

      subroutine dllsub
      integer*2 messagebox
      i = MessageBox(int2(0), 'Prior to STOP statement in DLL'c,
     + ' 'c, 0)
      call exit
      end
                

DLLTEST.DEF

LIBRARY     DLLTEST
EXETYPE     WINDOWS
CODE        PRELOAD MOVEABLE DISCARDABLE
DATA        PRELOAD MOVEABLE SINGLE
HEAPSIZE    1024
EXPORTS     DLLSUB
            WEP
                

MAKEFILE

all: test.exe dlltest.dll

test.obj: test.for
   fl /c /Od /Zi /MW test.for

dlltest.obj: dlltest.for
   fl /c /Od /Zi /Aw /Gw dlltest.for

exit.obj: exit.for
   fl /c /Od /Zi /AL exit.for

dlltest.dll: dlltest.obj exit.obj
   link dlltest exit, dlltest.dll, nul, /co /nod ldllfew, dlltest.def;

dlltest.lib: dlltest.def
   implib dlltest.lib dlltest.def

test.exe: test.obj dlltest.lib
   link test, test, nul, /co /nod llibfew dlltest,
      c:\fortran\binb\fl.def;
                


Additional query words: 5.10

Keywords: KB102693
Technology: kbAudDeveloper kbFORTRAN510DOS kbFortranSearch kbZNotKeyword3