|Version of Microsoft Windows|
|Replaced by||Windows 7|
Windows Vista is an operating system developed by Microsoft, released worldwide on January 30, 2007. Prior to its official announcement on July 22, 2005, it was known by its codename, Windows "Longhorn".
Development of the operating system spanned approximately five years, starting in early 2001. Over the course of this time period, the product was first codenamed Whistler+ (with some sources stating Idaho as a possible codename), and then Longhorn in May 2001. The first builds of the operating system known to use the Longhorn codename were compiled in May, 2002.
Initially envisioned as a minor upgrade to Windows XP, Microsoft later characterized "Longhorn" as a complete overhaul of the Windows operating system. One of the largest changes slated for "Longhorn" was pervasive use of managed code.
While in its earlier stages of development, "Longhorn" suffered from many problems relating to reliability and stability. This was due not only to the premature technology on which the operating system was based, but also because of the way new features were introduced and implemented. For this reason, the development of the operating system was "reset", with a preliminary build, 3790.1232.winmain.040819-1629 being compiled on August 19, 2004. Although this build is not known to contain any code from "Longhorn", it did include the "Longhorn" End User License Agreement (EULA), a testament to the build's authenticity.
Contrary to popular belief, only very early "Longhorn" builds were directly derived from Windows XP; later builds were based on Windows Server 2003 Release Candidate code. Builds compiled after the development reset are based on Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1.
During Beta 1 development, Microsoft named the operating system Windows Vista. The new name was chosen to improve the product's image and reputation, and to reflect the new capabilities of the operating system.
A total of two Service Packs were released for the Windows Vista operating system. Service Pack 1 was made available to MSDN subscribers on Febuary 15, 2008, and was released to the Microsoft Download Center and Windows Update on March 18, 2008. Service Pack 2 was released to manufacturing on April 28, 2009, and released to the Microsoft Download Center and Windows Update on May 26, 2009. In addition, Microsoft released the Platform Update for Windows Vista on October 27, 2009, which was comprised of major new Windows 7 components and updated runtime libraries. The Platform Update requires Service Pack 2 prior to installation.
- 1 Editions
- 2 New features
- 3 Features removed/degraded
- 4 Changes
- 5 Builds
- 5.1 Omega-13
- 5.2 Beta 1
- 5.3 Pre-Beta 2 (Beta 2 Fork)
- 5.4 Community Tech Preview 2 (Beta 2 Fork)
- 5.5 Beta 2 (Beta 2 Fork)
- 5.6 Beta 2
- 5.7 Beta 2
- 5.8 Pre-Release Candidate 1
- 5.9 Release Candidate 1
- 5.10 Pre-Release Candidate 2
- 5.11 Release Candidate 2
- 5.12 Pre-RTM
- 5.13 RTM
- 5.14 Post-RTM
- 5.15 Service Pack 1
- 5.16 Service Pack 1 GDR
- 5.17 Service Pack 2
- 6 See Also
- 7 External links
Windows Vista came in many editions. Unlike Windows XP, there were no special edition for Media Center and 64-bit capability. Windows Vista also did not have an embedded version.
- Starter: This edition was intended for emerging markets and low-cost PCs. As in XP, the 3-program limit was there, and only 1 GB RAM could be used. Other software restrictions applied as well. This is the only edition of Windows Vista not to have a 64-bit version.
- Home Basic: Found in low cost to mid-end computers, this version of Windows Vista does not fully have Windows Aero (though it has DWM), and hence does not have effects like transparency and 3D Flip. Windows Media Center is not included as well. However, Parental Controls is included. The hardware limits are much higher, and there is no 3-program limit as in Starter.
- Home Premium: The mid-end edition of Windows Vista, this version included the full suite of Aero features and also Windows Media Center. It also included Premium Games like Inkball.
- Business: The business oriented variant of Windows Vista, it contains several features like full RDP(client/host) capability, Group Policy and domain join ability. However, some "consumer" features like Windows Media Center and Parental Controls are not included, and Premium Games are disabled by default.
- Ultimate: The top consumer variant of Windows Vista, it is a merge of the features containing on Windows Vista Home Premium and Business. Bitlocker is included in this version.
- Enterprise: The top business variant of Windows Vista. It is like Ultimate, but without Windows Media Center and includes enterprise-specific tools.
Some of the features like Aero required higher hardware specifications to properly work on Windows Vista.
Windows Vista was a revolutionary upgrade from Windows XP.
- Windows Aero introduced, setting the framework for the UI that would be carried into future Windows versions including Windows 7 and later. Consequently, DWM was also introduced. New Aero features like Flip 3D were also introduced.
- The Start Menu was given a facelift, also adding new features in the process like integration of Windows Search.
- DirectX 10 was introduced.
- User Account Control was introduced, increasing security significantly while also proving to be more convenient to standard users.
- Windows Media Center was improved, and is now available in more editions instead of being confined to a single version in Windows XP.
- Internet Explorer 7 was also introduced, introducing features like 256 bit encryption, tabbed mode and protected mode.
- Windows Update was integrated into the control panel, eliminating the need to use Internet Explorer because of its prior reliance on an ActiveX control to use all the features of Windows Update in previous versions.
- Control Panel was improved.
- Windows Experience Index was introduced, providing a benchmark for system performance.
- Gadgets were also introduced, along with an API for third party development and Windows Sidebar to house the gadgets.
- Hybrid sleep was introduced mainly for desktops, providing the best of both worlds of sleep and hibernation.
- The installation routine was redesigned, leading to better speeds, and features like rollback were also properly implemented.
- New games were introduced, like InkBall, Purble Place and Chess. Existing games were also improved.
- Windows Ultimate Extras were introduced for Ultimate users, enabling these users to enjoy additional games, features and services.
- Parental Controls were introduced.
- Windows Taskbar was improved, now showing a live thumbnail preview on hover of any program on the taskbar with the help of Aero.
- Windows Explorer was greatly improved, now properly showing file transfer progress, along with a redesign of the UI.
- Windows Defender was integrated into the Windows Vista OS, providing protection against spyware.
- Windows Media Player 10 was introduced, introducing a significant upgrade over Windows Media Player 9.
- The Login screen was improved significantly.
- Windows Anytime Upgrade was introduced, providing an easy way for users to upgrade between Windows versions.
- The Introduction of Aero meant that Luna, which was the default theme of Windows XP, was removed.
- DirectX 9 performance was degraded compared to Windows XP.
- The system requirements were significantly raised to 800MHz(Windows XP around 300 MHz) processor with 512 MB(64 MB) RAM and 16 GB(2 GB) of HDD. This could well be the biggest reason for the failure of Windows Vista.
- Pinball was removed.
- Windows Vista can now be installed only on a NTFS hard drive, dropping support for FAT and FAT32.
- The first build after development reset, almost fully looks like Windows XP SP2.
- A new bootscreen, wallpaper and Aero theme
- Some changes in Explorer
Build 5112(Beta 1)
- New Setup UI
- Major changes in Aero theme
- Major changes in Control Panel
- Some improvements in Explorer
- Internet Explorer 7 Beta was introduced
- Windows Backup Beta and Program Compatibility Wizard are introduced
- User Account Control was introduced
- Luna theme is now fully removed
- Major changes to Games
- Some new applications in the Control Panel
- Minor UI changes to the Help and Support
- Windows Calendar, Windows Photo Library, Sticky Notes and Windows Journal were introduced
- Some changes to the Setup
- New System Properties introduced
- New network apps in Control Panel
- Minor changes in other apps
- New Setup UI, including the OOBE
- Start menu layout is fully changed
- Introduced People Near Me, Performance Center, Personalization, Speech Recognition, Windows AntiSpyware and Memory Diagnostics Tool
- Windows Media Player is updated to version 11
- Library in Explorer
- Outlook Express is now Windows Mail
- Some changes in Windows Calendar
- New logon screen
- Aero theme is updated
- App icons are updated
- Windows Collaboration introduced
- Antispyware is now Windows Defender
- Windows Media Player and Media Center were updated
- New Setup UI and bootscreen
- Welcome Center at the startup
- Some visual changes in Control Panel, Internet Explorer, Windows Calender and Windows Media Center
- Introduced Backup and Restore, Color Management, Default Programs, Disk Defragmenter and Sidebar Properties in Control Panel
- Minor visual changes
- New items on Sidebar
- Sidebar is enabled by default
- Some changes in Setup and OOBE
- Device Manager introduced
- Major updates to Explorer and Sidebar
- Some changes to Setup, Windows Media Player and Windows Mail
Official Beta 2.
- Some changes in the UI
- New logon screen and OOBE
- Minor changes in Windows Mail. Starting this build there's no major visual changes and only bug fixes.
- Longhorn Build 3790.1232.winmain.040819-1629
- Longhorn Build 3790.1232.winmain.040907-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.winmain.040908-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core.040803-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core.040806-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core.040808-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core.040809-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core.040818-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core.040826-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core.040902-2000
- Longhorn Build 5000.0.vbl_core_build(ntbuild).040915-0831
- Longhorn Build 5001.0.winmain.040927-1610
- Longhorn Build 5018.0.vbl_core_kernel.041202-2000
- Longhorn Build 5019.0.winmain.041???-???? (full buildtag unknown)
- Longhorn Build 5048.0.winmain_idx02.050401-0536
- Longhorn Build 5054.0.vbl_ux_nisd.050404-1730
- Longhorn Build 5058.0.vbl_wcp_um_d2dev.050412-1800
- Longhorn Build 5059.0.vbl_wcp_avalon.050412-1805
- Longhorn Build 5059.0.vbl_ux_dev_checkin.050420-1700
- Longhorn Build 5060.0.vbl_wcp_avalon.050417-1805
- Longhorn Build 5061.0.winmain.050???-???? (full buildtag unknown)
- Longhorn Build 5063.0.vbl_ux_dev.050511-1730
- Longhorn Build 5071.0.winmain_idx01.050605-2010
- Longhorn Build 5086.0.winmain_idx02.050621-2010
- Longhorn Build 5087.0.vbl_ux_partners_ie.050616-1730
- Longhorn Build 5098.0.winmain_beta1.050628-1740
- Longhorn Build 5099.0.winmain.050???-???? (full buildtag unknown)
- Windows Vista Build 5112.0.winmain_beta1.050720-1600 - official Beta 1
Pre-Beta 2 (Beta 2 Fork)
- Longhorn Build 5203.0.winmain.050702-1000
- Longhorn Build 5203.0.vbl_ux_dev_checkin.050719-1730
- Windows Vista Build 5209.0.vbl_media_core.050728-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5212.0.winmain.050726-1915
- Windows Vista Build 5212.0.vbl_wcp_mobile.050728-1515
- Windows Vista Build 5212.vbl_ux_dev_checkin.050808-1730
- Windows Vista Build 5219.0.winmain_idx02.050824-2010
- Windows Vista Build 5219.0.winmain_idx02.050830-2010
- Windows Vista Build 5221.0.vbl_wcp_avalon.050822-1835
- Windows Vista Build 5221.0.vbl_ux_dev_checkin_gamesux.050901-1500
- Windows Vista Build 5223.0.vbl_ux_dev_checkin.050906-1758
- Windows Vista Build 5224.0.vbl_core_security_crpt.050901-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5225.0.winmain.050830-2130
- Windows Vista Build 5226.0.vbl_wcp_avalon_dev.050908-1459
Community Tech Preview 2 (Beta 2 Fork)
Beta 2 (Beta 2 Fork)
- Windows Vista Build 5252.0.winmain.051026-1836
- Windows Vista Build 5259.0.winmain_idx02.051113-2100
- Windows Vista Build 5259.3.winmain_idx02.051117-1715
- Windows Vista Build 5260.0.winmain.0511??-???? (full buildtag unknown)
- Windows Vista Build 5268.0.winmain.051117-2200
- Windows Vista Build 5270.9.winmain_idx03.051214-1910
- Windows Vista Build 5271.0.vbl_media_ehome.051130-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5284.0.vbl_media_ehome.051218-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5284.0.vbl_core_gift.060103-1900
NOTE: Some of the earliest builds listed may not actually be Beta 2 builds (although still obviously within the Beta 2 fork), so their exact status is still to confirm.
- Windows Vista Build 5308.2.winmain_idx01.060126-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5308.6.winmain_idx01.060202-1920
- Windows Vista Build 5308.17.winmain_idx01.060217-2200
- Windows Vista Build 5308.60.winmain_idx01.060223-2145
- Windows Vista Build 5310.0.vbl_media_ehome_dev.060207-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5326.0.winmain.060217-2300
- Windows Vista Build 5329.0.vbl_media_ehome.060301-2145
- Windows Vista Build 5337.0.vbl_media_ehome.060313-2100
- Windows Vista Build 5342.0.vbl_ux_partners_winapps.060316-0000
- Windows Vista Build 5342.2.winmain_idx04.060321-1730
- Windows Vista Build 5350.0.winmain.060323-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5355.0.vbl_media.060329-2048
- Windows Vista Build 5355.0.vbl_media_ehome.060330-2100
- Windows Vista Build 5360.0.vbl_media_ehome.060411-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5361.0.winmain.060405-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5365.8.winmain_idx05.060419-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5371.0.vbl_media_ehome.060418-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5372.0.winmain.060418-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5378.0.vbl_media_ehome.060426-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5381.2.winmain_beta2.060501-1900 - Beta 2 Preview
- Windows Vista Build 5382.0.winmain_beta2.060506-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5384.2.winmain_beta2.060516-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5384.3.winmain_beta2.060517-1235
- Windows Vista Build 5384.4.winmain_beta2.060518-1455 - official beta 2
Pre-Release Candidate 1
- Windows Vista Build 5421.0.winmain.060428-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5435.0.vbl_media_ehome.060523-2105
- Windows Vista Build 5442.0.vbl_wcp_um_dev.060529-1949
- Windows Vista Build 5456.5.winmain_idx03.060620-1700
- Windows Vista Build 5461.0.vbl_media_ehome.060621-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5466.0.vbl_media_ehome.060627-2030
- Windows Vista Build 5469.0.vbl_media_ehome.060704-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5471.0.vbl_media_ehome.060711-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5472.5.winmain_idx01.060713-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5474.0.vbl_ux_dev_checkin.060711-1730
- Windows Vista Build 5476.0.winmain.060711-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5477.0.vbl_media_ehome_dev.060723-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5479.0.winmain.060714-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5483.0.winmain.060720-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5487.0.winmain.060726-1810
- Windows Vista Build 5491.0.vbl_media.060801-2045
- Windows Vista Build 5492.0.winmain.060802-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5505.6.vista_rc1.060807-2215
- Windows Vista Build 5536.16385.vista_rc1.060821-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5552.16384.vista_rc1.060822-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5552.16386.vista_rc1.060824-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5568.16384.vista_rc1.060827-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5584.16384.vista_rc1-060828-1900
Release Candidate 1
- Windows Vista Build 5600.16384.vista_rc1.060829-2230 - official release candidate 1
Pre-Release Candidate 2
- Windows Vista Build 5700.winmain.060810-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5708.0.winmain.060818-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5712.0.winmain.060824-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5718.0.vbl_media_ehome.060905-1930
- Windows Vista Build 5720.0.winmain.060907-1715
- Windows Vista Build 5721.0.vbl_media_apps.060910-1800
- Windows Vista Build 5723.0.vbl_media_ehome.060912-1910
- Windows Vista Build 5728.16387.winmain_idx06.060917-1430
- Windows Vista Build 5734.0.winmain.060920-1805
Release Candidate 2
- Windows Vista Build 5738.0.vista_rtm.060925-1900 - Leaked December 19, 2016
- Windows Vista Build 5739.0.vista_rtm.060926-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5744.16384.vista_rtm_edw.061003-1945 - official release candidate 2
- Windows Vista Build 5752.0.vista_rtm.061003-1900 - Leaked December 19, 2016
- Windows Vista Build 5754.1.winmain.061006-1810
- Windows Vista Build 5758.0.vista_rtm.061010-1900 - Leaked December 19, 2016
- Windows Vista Build 5808.16384.vista_rtm.061012-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5824.16387.vista_rtm.061017-1900 - Leaked December 19, 2016
- Windows Vista Build 5840.16384.vista_rtm.061018-1900
- Windows Vista Build 5840.16389.vista_rtm.061024-1945 - Leaked December 19, 2016
- Windows Vista Build 6000.16384.vista_rtm.061029-1900 - Leaked December 19, 2016
- Windows Vista Build 6000.16385.vista_rtm.061030-1720
- Windows Vista Build 6000.16386.vista_rtm.061101-2205 - official RTM
Service Pack 1
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16406.longhorn_idx01.061208-1900
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16461.longhorn_idx02.070209-1510
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16497.longhorn_beta3.070330-1720
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16500.longhorn_beta3.070404-1915
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16510.longhorn_beta3.070417-1740 - Service Pack 1 Beta 3
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16514.longhorn.070501-1545
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16520.longhorn.070509-2100
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16528.longhorn.070523-1915
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16549.longhorn_sp1beta1.070628-1825
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16606.longhorn.070619-1930
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16621.longhorn.070713-1533
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16621.longhorn.070720-1835
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16633.longhorn.070803-1655
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16634.longhorn.070807-1830
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16637.longhorn(wmbla).070820-0922
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16648.longhorn_rc0.070827-1405
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16655.longhorn_rc0.070907-1905
- Windows Vista Build 6001.16659.longhorn_rc0.070916-1443
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17001.longhorn.070904-1733
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17014.lh_tools_devdiv_wpf.071009-1043
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17036.longhorn.071027-1905
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17042.longhorn_rc1.071107-1618
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17044.longhorn_sp1.071112-1910
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17048.longhorn_rc1.071119-2049
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17051.longhorn_sp1.071121-2029
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17052.longhorn_rc1.071129-2315
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17118.longhorn_sp1.071207-1900
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17119.longhorn.071210-1916
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17120.longhorn_sp1.071211-1914
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17121.longhorn_sp1.071212-1922
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17128.longhorn.080101-1935
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17129.longhorn_sp1.080104-1910
- Windows Vista Build 6001.17138.longhorn_sp1.080117-2025
- Windows Vista Build 6001.18000.longhorn_rtm.080118-1840 - Service Pack 1 RTM
Service Pack 1 GDR
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6001.18004.vistasp1_gdr_vm_rc.080314-1400
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6001.18009.vistasp1_gdr_vm_rc1.080425-1630
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6001.18010.vistasp1_gdr_vm_rc1.080511-1505
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6001.18016.vistasp1_gdr_vm_rtm.080611-0040
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6001.18145.vistasp1_gdr.080917-1612
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6001.22328.vistasp1_ldr.081211-1619
Service Pack 2
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.16489.lh_sp2beta.080924-1740
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.16497.lh_sp2beta.081017-1605
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.16659.lh_sp2rc.090114-1728
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.16670.lh_sp2rc.090130-1715
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.17043.longhorn.090312-1835
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.17506.lh_sp2rtm.090313-1730
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.18003.lh_sp2rtm.090403-1730
- Windows Vista Build 6.0.6002.18005.090410-1830 Service Pack 2 RTM