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Windows

From BetaArchive Wiki
(Redirected from Microsoft Windows)

Microsoft Windows is a family of operating systems developed by Microsoft since 1983. It currently uses the Windows Explorer shell. The latest release is Windows 11.

History

Early Windows

The hype of 1983

In the early 80s, Microsoft gained popularity for its applications like Word for DOS. But Microsoft was working in something to compete against he Macintosh's friendly user interface. At COMDEX 1983 in November, Microsoft demonstrated a new upcoming product, "Microsoft Windows", running on a personal computer with monochrome graphics, and with various applications running alongside each other in "windows". They really hyped people about it, promising it as the software of the future that will be installed on every PC.

A hard market

After the hype of 1983, they released their product under the name of Windows. Unfortunately it didn't get the success they expected, mostly because it wasn't exactly what was promised to the people. But despite this, Windows found its niche place in the market alongside other shell programs.

Getting shaped

After the excessive hype and a regular market success, Microsoft launched Windows 2.0 in 1987. This version got significant improvements over its predecessor. Examples of this are overlapping windows and Expanded Memory Support (EMS).

Windows in the 90s

Popularity increases

After Windows 2.x, Microsoft decided to release a new version of Windows, Windows 3.0. This version was finally getting a significant user market, making Microsoft a serious player in the software industry.

Windows NT

After Microsoft broke its partnership with IBM, they began development of their new own OS. They initially called it NT OS/2, NT standing for New Technologies, while they kept OS/2 in the name due to being based on OS/2. Later, to avoid any copyright issues, they simply called it NT. Some of the goals of this OS were stability, security and portability, last one is a reason why it was heavy compared to their already existing Windows OS (It was programmed in C instead of assembly, thus making it portable yet heavier).

Windows 9x

These were the consumer versions of Windows released in the 90's. These were known for still being based on DOS. The first was Windows 95, which gave its massive success to Microsoft. This release gained popularity and it was becoming a defacto standard on many PCs. Here's where Windows started to really grow, practically monopolizing the market. This lead to a lawsuit in the late 90s/early 2000.

Versions

16-bit MS-DOS-based operating systems

Trade name Version Codename / Preliminary name Additional information Available on BA FTP?
Windows 1.0 1.0x Interface Manager First release of Windows
Windows 2.x 2.x Windows 1.5
Windows 3.x 3.x Sparta, Snowball Introduced the Program Manager

16/32-bit hybrid operating systems (monolithic) (on DOS foundation)

Trade name Version Codename / Preliminary name Additional information Available on BA FTP?
Windows 95 4.0 Chicago Introduced the Start menu
Windows Nashville 4.1 Nashville Only one build available, canceled release
Windows 98 4.1 Memphis
Windows ME 4.9 Millenium

NT-based operating systems

Trade name Version Codename / Preliminary name Additional information Available on BA FTP?
Windows NT 3.1 NT 3.1 NT OS/2
Windows NT 3.5x NT 3.5x Daytona
Microsoft Cairo NT 4.0 Cairo Canceled release
Windows NT 4.0 Shell Update Release
Windows 2000 NT 5.0 Memphis NT, NT 5.0 Although the IA-64 release had the codename "Janus", the original release didn't have a codename and was simply called as "NT 5.0" before build 1946
Windows Neptune NT 5.5 Neptune Only one build available, canceled release
Windows Triton Triton Canceled release
Windows Odyssey Odyssey Canceled release
Windows XP NT 5.1 Whistler
Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs Eiger, Monch
Windows Embedded 2009 Quebec
Windows Server 2003 NT 5.2 .NET Server Previous codenames: "Whistler Server"
Windows Home Server Quattro
Windows Longhorn NT 6.0 Longhorn Pre-reset builds only, later became Windows Vista
Windows Vista Longhorn Omega-13 Post-reset, from .NET Server RC1 to 2003 SP1 RC
Windows Server 2008 Longhorn Server
Windows Small Business Server 2008 Cougar
Windows Essential Business Server 2008 Centro
Windows Blackcomb Blackcomb Originally a major update to Longhorn, canceled release
Windows 7 NT 6.1 '7'
Windows Server 2008 R2 Server '7'
Windows Embedded 7 Quebec
Windows MultiPoint Server 2010 Solution Server
Windows MultiPoint Server 2011 WMS 2
Windows Small Business Server 2011 SBS 7
Windows Small Business Server 2011 Essentials Aurora
Windows Home Server 2011 Vail
Windows Thin PC Thin PC
Windows 8 NT 6.2 '8' The Start menu has been replaced with the Start screen
Windows RT Windows on ARM Available to Microsoft partners only
Windows Server 2012 Server '8'
Windows Embedded 8
Windows 8.1 NT 6.3 Blue
Windows RT 8.1
Windows Server 2012 R2 Server 'Blue'
Windows Embedded 8.1
Windows 10 NT 10.0 Threshold
Windows Server 2016 Threshold Server
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2022
Windows 11 Sun Valley

Windows 10 operating systems (NT 10.0)

Trade name Version Codename / Preliminary name Update name Build lab Development status Available on BA FTP?
Windows 10 v1507 Threshold Windows 10 th1 Released, no longer supported
Windows 10 TH2 v1511 Threshold 2 November Update th2_release Released, no longer supported
Windows 10 RS1 v1607 Redstone 1 Anniversary Update rs1_release Released, no longer supported
Windows 10 RS2 v1703 Redstone 2 Creators Update rs2_release Released, no longer supported
Windows 10 RS3 v1709 Redstone 3 Fall Creators Update rs3_release Released, no longer supported
Windows 10 RS4 v1803 Redstone 4 April 2018 Update rs4_release Released
Windows 10 RS5 v1809 Redstone 5 October 2018 Update rs5_release Released
Windows 10 19H1 v1903 19H1 May 2019 Update 19h1_release Released
Windows Server 19H1 Released, Semi-Annual Channel release
Windows 10 19H2 v1909 19H2, Vanadium November 2019 Update Released
Windows Server 19H2 Released, Semi-Annual Channel release
Windows 10 20H1 v2004 20H1, Vibranium May 2020 Update vb_release Released
Windows Server 20H1 Released, Semi-Annual Channel release
Windows 10 20H2 v20H2 20H2 October 2020 Update Released
Windows Server 20H2 Released, Semi-Annual Channel release
Windows 10 21H1 v21H1 21H1 May 2021 Update Released
Windows 10 21H2 v21H2 21H2 In development
Windows 10 Manganese N/A Manganese N/A mn_release
Windows Server Manganese
Windows 10 Iron Iron rs_prerelease
Windows Server Iron
Windows 10 Cobalt Cobalt
Windows Server Cobalt

Windows 11 operating systems (NT 10.0)

Trade name Version Codename / Preliminary name Update name Build lab Development status Available on BA FTP?
Windows 11 v21H2 Sun Valley Windows 11 co_release Released
Windows 11 Nickel v22H1 Nickel N/A rs_prerelease
Windows Server Nickel

Windows CE

Trade name Version Codename Additional information Available on BA FTP?
Windows CE 1.0 1.0 Pegasus, Alder First release. Unsupported as of December 31, 2001
Windows CE 2.0 2.0 Birch Unsupported as of September 30, 2002
Windows CE 3.0 3.0 Cedar, Galileo Unsupported as of October 9, 2007
Windows CE 4.x 4.x Talisker, Jameson, McKendrick Unsupported as of July 10, 2012
Windows CE 5.x 5.x Macallan Unsupported as of October 14, 2014
Windows Embedded CE 6.0 6.x Yamazaki Unsupported as of April 10, 2018
Windows Embedded Compact 7 7.0 Chelan Unsupported as of April 13, 2021
Windows Embedded Compact 2013 8.0 Unsupported as of October 10, 2023

Windows Pocket PC

Trade name Version Codename Additional information Available on BA FTP?
Windows Pocket PC 2000 2.x Rapier Based on Windows CE 3.0
Windows Pocket PC 2002 3.x Merlin Based on Windows CE 3.0

Windows Mobile

Trade name Version Codename Additional information Available on BA FTP?
Windows Mobile 2003 4.x Ozone Based on Windows CE 4.20
Windows Mobile 5 5.x Magneto Based on Windows CE 4.60. Unsupported as of October 13, 2015
Windows Mobile 6 6.x Crossbow Based on Windows CE 5.10

Windows Phone

Trade name Version Codename Additional information Available on BA FTP?
Windows Phone 7 7.0 Windows Phone 7 Unsupported since October 14, 2014, last version based on Windows CE
Windows Phone 7.5 7.5 Mango / Tango First major update to Windows Phone 7
Windows Phone 7.8 7.8 The last major update to Windows Phone 7
Windows Phone 8 8.0 Windows Phone 8, Portico (GDR1), Blue (8.1) First version to use the NT kernel
Windows Phone 8.1 8.1 Blue First major update to Windows Phone 8
Windows 10 Mobile 10.0 Windows 10 Mobile First version to run the same Windows OS as small tablets and PC. No longer in active development.

See also