Microsoft KB Archive/832017

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Service overview and network port requirements for the Windows Server system

Article ID: 832017

Article Last Modified on 11/21/2007



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition (32-Bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
  • Microsoft Systems Management Server 2003
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Enterprise Server
  • Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration Server 2000 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
  • Microsoft Systems Management Server 2.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Systems Management Server 2003
  • Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server 2001
  • Microsoft Operations Manager 2000 Service Pack 1
  • Microsoft Application Center 2000 Standard Edition



SUMMARY

This article discusses the essential network ports, protocols and services that are used by Microsoft client and server operating systems, server-based programs and their subcomponents in the Microsoft Windows server system. Administrators and support professionals may use this Microsoft Knowledge Base article as a road-map to determine what ports and protocols Microsoft operating systems and programs require for network connectivity in a segmented network.

The port information in this article should not be used to configure Windows Firewall. For information about configuring Windows Firewall, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

The Windows server system includes a comprehensive and integrated infrastructure that is designed to meet the requirements of developers and of information technology (IT) professionals. This system is designed to run programs and solutions that information workers can use to obtain, to analyze, and to share information quickly and easily. These Microsoft client, server and server program products use a variety of network ports and protocols to communicate with client systems and with other server systems over the network. Dedicated firewalls, host-based firewalls, and Internet Protocol security (IPsec) filters are other important components that are required to help secure your network. However, if these technologies are configured to block ports and protocols that are used by a specific server, that server will no longer respond to client requests.

Overview

The following list provides an overview of the information that this article contains:

  • The "System services ports" section of this article contains a brief description of each service, displays the logical name of that service, and indicates the ports and protocols that each service requires for correct operation. Use this section to help identify the ports and protocols that a particular service uses.
  • The "Ports and protocols" section of this article includes a table that summarizes the information from the "System Services Ports" section. The table is sorted by port number instead of by the service name. Use this section to quickly determine which services listen on a particular port.

This article uses certain terms in specific ways. To help avoid confusion, make sure that you understand how this document uses these terms. The following list describes these terms:

  • System services: The Windows server system includes many products, such as the Microsoft Windows 2000 Server family, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 family, Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server, and Microsoft SQL Server 2000. Each of these products include many components; system services is one of those components. System services that are required by a particular computer are either started automatically by the operating system during startup or are started as required during typical operations. For example, some system services that are available on computers that are running Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition, include the Server service, the Print Spooler service, and the World Wide Web Publishing Service. Each system service has a friendly service name and a service name. The friendly service name is the name that appears in graphical management tools such as the Services Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in. The service name is the name that is used with command-line tools and with many scripting languages. Each system service may provide one or more network services.
  • Application protocol: In the context of this article, an application protocol is a high-level network protocol that uses one or more TCP/IP protocols and ports. Examples of application protocols include Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), server message blocks (SMBs), and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP).
  • Protocol: Operating at a lower level than the application protocols, TCP/IP protocols are standard formats for communicating between devices on a network. The TCP/IP suite of protocols includes TCP, User Datagram Protocol (UDP), and Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP).
  • Port: This is the network port that the system service listens on for incoming network traffic.

This article does not specify which services rely on other services for network communication. For example, many services rely on the remote procedure call (RPC) or DCOM features in Microsoft Windows to assign them dynamic TCP ports. The Remote Procedure Call service coordinates requests by other system services that use RPC or DCOM to communicate with client computers. Many other services rely on network basic input/output system (NetBIOS) or SMBs, protocols that are actually provided by the Server service. Others rely on HTTP or on Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS). These protocols are provided by Internet Information Services (IIS). A full discussion of the architecture of the Windows operating systems is beyond the scope of this article. However, detailed documentation on this subject is available on Microsoft TechNet and on the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN). While many services may rely on a particular TCP or UDP port, only a single service or process can be actively listening on that port at any one time.

When you use RPC with TCP/IP or with UDP/IP as the transport, inbound ports are frequently dynamically assigned to system services as required; TCP/IP and UDP/IP ports that are higher than port 1024 are used. These are frequently informally referred to as "random RPC ports." In these cases, RPC clients rely on the RPC endpoint mapper to tell them which dynamic port(s) were assigned to the server. For some RPC-based services, you can configure a specific port instead of letting RPC assign one dynamically. You can also restrict the range of ports that RPC dynamically assigns to a small range, regardless of the service. For more information about this topic, see the "References" section of this article.

This article includes information about the system services roles and the server roles for the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section at the end of this article. While this information may also apply to Microsoft Windows XP and to Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional, this article is intended to focus on server-class operating systems. Because of this, this article describes the ports that a service listens on instead of the ports that client programs use to connect to a remote system.

System services ports

This section provides a description of each system service, includes the logical name that corresponds to the system service, and displays the ports and the protocols that each service requires.

Active Directory (Local Security Authority)

Active Directory runs under the LSASS process and includes the authentication and replication engines for Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 domain controllers. Domain controllers, client computers and application servers require network connectivity to Active Directory over specific hard-coded ports in addition to a range of ephemeral TCP ports between 1024 and 65536 unless a tunneling protocol is used to encapsulate such traffic, An encapsulated solution might consist of a VPN gateway located behind a filtering router using Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) together with IPsec. In this encapsulated scenario, you must allow IPsec Encapsulating Security Protocol (ESP) (IP protocol 50), IPsec Network Address Translator Traversal NAT-T (UDP port 4500), and IPsec Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) (UDP port 500) through the router as opposed to opening all the ports and protocols listed below. Finally, the port used for Active Directory replication may be hard-coded as described in the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

224196 Restricting Active Directory replication traffic and client RPC traffic to a specific port


Note Packet filters for L2TP traffic are not required, because L2TP is protected by IPsec ESP.

System service name: LSASS

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Global Catalog Server TCP 3269
Global Catalog Server TCP 3268
LDAP Server TCP 389
LDAP Server UDP 389
LDAP SSL TCP 636
LDAP SSL UDP 636
IPsec ISAKMP UDP 500
NAT-T UDP 4500
RPC TCP 135
RPC randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP 1024 - 65536*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Domain controllers and Active Directory" section in the "References" section.

Application Layer Gateway Service

This subcomponent of the Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)/Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) service provides support for plug-ins that allow network protocols to pass through the firewall and work behind Internet Connection Sharing. Application Layer Gateway (ALG) plug-ins can open ports and change data (such as ports and IP addresses) that are embedded in packets. File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the only network protocol with a plug-in that is included with Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition, and Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition. The ALG FTP plug–in is designed to support active FTP sessions through the network address translation (NAT) engine that these components use. The ALG FTP plug–in supports these sessions by redirecting all traffic that passes through the NAT and that is destined for port 21 to a private listening port in the range of 3000 to 5000 on the loopback adapter. The ALG FTP plug–in then monitors and updates FTP control channel traffic so that the FTP plug-in can forward port mappings through the NAT for the FTP data channels. The FTP plug–in also updates ports in the FTP control channel stream.

System service name: ALG

Application protocol Protocol Ports
FTP control TCP 21

ASP.NET State Service

ASP.NET State Service provides support for ASP.NET out-of-process session states. ASP.NET State Service stores session data out-of-process. The service uses sockets to communicate with ASP.NET that is running on a Web server.

System service name: aspnet_state

Application protocol Protocol Ports
ASP.NET Session State TCP 42424

Certificate Services

Certificate Services is part of the core operating system. By using Certificate Services, a business can act as its own certification authority (CA). In this way, the business can issue and manage digital certificates for programs and protocols such as Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME), Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), Encrypting File System (EFS), IPsec, and smart card logon. Certificate Services relies on RPC and on DCOM to communicate with clients by using random TCP ports that are higher than port 1024.

System service name: CertSvc

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Cluster Service

The Cluster service controls server cluster operations and manages the cluster database. A cluster is a collection of independent computers that act as a single computer. Managers, programmers, and users see the cluster as a single system. The software distributes data among the nodes of the cluster. If a node fails, other nodes provide the services and data that was formerly provided by the missing node. When a node is added or repaired, the cluster software migrates some data to that node.

System service name: ClusSvc

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Cluster Services UDP 3343
RPC TCP 135
Cluster Administrator UDP 137
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Computer Browser

The Computer Browser system service maintains an up-to-date list of computers on your network and supplies the list to programs that request it. The Computer Browser service is used by Windows-based computers to view network domains and resources. Computers that are designated as browsers maintain browse lists that contain all shared resources that are used on the network. Earlier versions of Windows programs, such as My Network Places, the net view command, and Windows Explorer, all require browsing capability. For example, when you open My Network Places on a computer that is running Microsoft Windows 95, a list of domains and computers appears. To display this list, the computer obtains a copy of the browse list from a computer that is designated as a browser.

System service name: Browser

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139

DHCP Server

The DHCP Server service uses the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to automatically allocate IP addresses. By using this service, you can adjust the advanced network settings of DHCP clients. For example, you can configure network settings such as Domain Name System (DNS) servers and Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) servers. You can establish one or more DHCP servers to maintain TCP/IP configuration information and to provide that information to client computers.

System service name: DHCPServer

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DHCP Server UDP 67
MADCAP UDP 2535

Distributed File System

The Distributed File System (DFS) integrates disparate file shares that are located across a local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN) into a single logical namespace. The DFS service is required for Active Directory domain controllers to advertise the SYSVOL shared folder.

System service name: Dfs

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
LDAP Server TCP 389
LDAP Server UDP 389
SMB TCP 445
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Distributed File System Replication

The Distributed File System Replication (DFSR) service is a state-based, multi-master file replication engine that automatically copies updates to files and folders between computers that are participating in a common replication group. DFSR was added in Windows Server 2003 R2. You can configure DFSR by using the Dfsrdiag.exe command-line tool to replicate files on specific ports between Windows Server 2003 R2 computers, regardless of whether they are participating in Distributed File System Namespaces (DFSN) or not.

System service name: DFSR

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Distributed File Replication Service" section in the "References" section.

Distributed Link Tracking Server

The Distributed Link Tracking Server system service stores information so that files that are moved between volumes can be tracked to each volume in the domain. The Distributed Link Tracking Server service runs on each domain controller in a domain. This service enables the Distributed Link Tracking Client service to track linked documents that have been moved to a location in another NTFS file system volume in the same domain.

System service name: TrkSvr

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Distributed Transaction Coordinator

The Distributed Transaction Coordinator (DTC) system service is responsible for coordinating transactions that are distributed across multiple computer systems and resource managers, such as databases, message queues, file systems, or other transaction-protected resource managers. The DTC system service is required if transactional components are configured through COM+. It is also required for transactional queues in Message Queuing (also known as MSMQ) and SQL Server operations that span multiple systems.

System service name: MSDTC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Distributed Transaction Coordinator" section in the "References" section.

DNS Server

The DNS Server service enables DNS name resolution by answering queries and update requests for DNS names. DNS servers are required to locate devices and services that are identified by using DNS names and to locate domain controllers in Active Directory.

System service name: DNS

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DNS UDP 53
DNS TCP 53

Event Log

The Event Log system service logs event messages that are generated by programs and by the Windows operating system. Event Log reports contain information that can be useful in diagnosing problems. Reports are viewed in Event Viewer. The Event Log service writes events that are sent by programs, by services, and by the operating system to log files. The events contain diagnostic information in addition to errors that are specific to the source program, the service, or the component. The logs can be viewed programmatically through the event log APIs or through the Event Viewer in an MMC snap-in.

System service name: Eventlog

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC/named pipes (NP) TCP 139
RPC/NP TCP 445
RPC/NP UDP 137
RPC/NP UDP 138

Note The Event Log service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

Microsoft Exchange Server and Outlook clients

Versions of Microsoft Exchange Server and Exchange clients have various port and protocol requirements. These requirements depend upon which version of Exchange Server or Exchange client is in use.

For Outlook clients to connect to versions of Exchange prior to Exchange 2003, direct RPC connectivity to the Exchange server is required. RPC connections made from Outlook to the Exchange server will first contact the RPC endpoint mapper (Port TCP 135) to request information on the port mappings of the various endpoints required. The Outlook client then tries to make connections to the Exchange server directly by using these endpoint ports.

Exchange 5.5 uses two ports for client communication. One port is for the Information Store, and one port is for the Directory. Exchange 2000 and 2003 use three ports for client communication. One port is for the Information Store, one is for Directory Referral (RFR), and one port is for DSProxy/NSPI.

In most cases, these two or three ports will be mapped randomly into the range TCP 1024-65534. If required, these ports can be configured to always bind to a static port mapping rather than to use the ephemeral ports.

For more information about how to configure static TCP/IP ports in Exchange Server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

270836 Exchange Server static port mappings


Outlook 2003 clients support direct connectivity to Exchange servers by using RPC. However, these clients can also communicate with Exchange 2003 servers that are hosted on Windows Server 2003-based computers on the Internet. The use of RPC over HTTP communication between Outlook and Exchange server eliminates the need to expose unauthenticated RPC traffic across the Internet. Instead, traffic between the Outlook 2003 client and the Exchange Server 2003 computer is tunneled within HTTPS packets over TCP port 443 (HTTPS).

RPC over HTTPS requires that port TCP 443 (HTTPS) be available between the Outlook 2003 client and the server that is functioning as the "RPCProxy" device. The HTTPS packets are terminated at the RPCProxy server and the unwrapped RPC packets are then passed to the Exchange server on three ports, in similar fashion to the direct RPC traffic described above. These RPC over HTTPS ports on the Exchange server are statically mapped to TCP 6001 (the Information Store), TCP 6002 (Directory Referral), and TCP 6004 (DSProxy/NSPI). No endpoint mapper must be exposed when using RPC over HTTPS communication between Outlook 2003 and Exchange 2003, since Outlook 2003 knows to use these statically mapped endpoint ports. In addition, no global catalog needs to be exposed to the Outlook 2003 client because the DSProxy/NSPI interface on the Exchange 2003 server will provide this functionality.

Exchange Server can also provide support for other protocols, such as SMTP, Post Office Protocol 3 (POP3), and IMAP.

Application protocol Protocol Ports
IMAP TCP 143
IMAP over SSL TCP 993
POP3 TCP 110
POP3 over SSL TCP 995
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*
RPC TCP 135
RPC over HTTPS TCP 443
SMTP TCP 25
SMTP UDP 25
Information Store TCP 6001
Directory Referral TCP 6002
DSProxy/NSPI TCP 6004

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Fax Service

Fax Service, a Telephony API (TAPI)–compliant system service, provides fax capabilities. By using Fax Service, users can send and receive faxes from their desktop programs by using either a local fax device or a shared network fax device.

System service name: Fax

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

File Replication

The File Replication service (FRS) is a file-based replication engine that automatically copies updates to files and folders between computers that are participating in a common FRS replica set. FRS is the default replication engine that is used to replicate the contents of the SYSVOL folder between Windows 2000-based and Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers that are located in a common domain. FRS may be configured to replicate files and folders between targets of a DFS root or link by using the DFS Administration tool.

System service name: NtFrs

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "File Replication Service" section in the "References" section.

File Server for Macintosh

By using the File Server for Macintosh system service, Macintosh computer users can store and access files on a computer that is running Windows Server 2003. If this service is turned off or blocked, Macintosh clients cannot access or store files on that computer.

System service name: MacFile

Application protocol Protocol Ports
File Server for Macintosh TCP 548

FTP Publishing Service

FTP Publishing Service provides FTP connectivity. By default, the FTP control port is 21. However, you can configure this system service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in. The default data (that is used for active mode FTP) port is automatically set to one port less than the control port. Therefore, if you configure the control port to port 4131, the default data port is port 4130. Most FTP clients use passive mode FTP. This means that the client initially connects to the FTP server by using the control port, the FTP server assigns a high TCP port between ports 1025 and 5000, and then the client opens a second connection to the FTP server for transferring data. You can configure the range of high ports by using the IIS metabase.

System service name: MSFTPSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
FTP control TCP 21
FTP default data TCP 20
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534

Group Policy

To successfully apply Group Policy, a client must be able to contact a domain controller over the DCOM, ICMP, LDAP, SMB, and RPC protocols. If any one of these protocols are unavailable or blocked between the client and a relevant domain controller, policy will not apply or refresh. For a cross-domain logon, where a computer is in one domain, and the user account is in another, these protocols may be required for the client, the resource domain, and the account domain to communicate. ICMP is used for slow link detection. For more information about slow link detection, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

227260 How a slow link is detected for processing user profiles and Group Policy


System service name: Group Policy

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DCOM TCP + UDP random port number between 1024 - 65534
ICMP (ping) ICMP
LDAP TCP 389
SMB TCP 445
RPC TCP 135, random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Domain controllers and Active Directory" section in the "References" section.

HTTP SSL

The HTTP SSL system service enables IIS to perform SSL functions. SSL is an open standard for establishing an encrypted communications channel to help prevent the interception of critical information, such as credit card numbers. Although this service is designed to work on other Internet services, it is primarily used to enable encrypted electronic financial transactions on the World Wide Web (WWW). You can configure the ports for this service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in.

System service name: HTTPFilter

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTPS TCP 443

Internet Authentication Service

Internet Authentication Service (IAS) performs centralized authentication, authorization, auditing, and accounting of users who are connecting to a network. These users can be on a LAN connection or on a remote connection. IAS implements the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) protocol.

System service name: IAS

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Legacy RADIUS UDP 1645
Legacy RADIUS UDP 1646
RADIUS Accounting UDP 1813
RADIUS Authentication UDP 1812

Internet Connection Firewall (ICF)/Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)

This system service provides NAT, addressing, and name resolution services for all computers on your home network or your small-office network. When the Internet Connection Sharing feature is enabled, your computer becomes an "Internet gateway" on the network, and other client computers can then share one connection to the Internet, such as a dial-up connection or a broadband connection. This service provides basic DHCP and DNS services but will work with the full-featured Windows DHCP or DNS services. When ICF and Internet Connection Sharing act as a gateway for the rest of the computers on your network, they provide DHCP and DNS services to the private network on the internal network interface. They do not provide these services on the external-facing interface.

System service name: SharedAccess

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DHCP Server UDP 67
DNS UDP 53
DNS TCP 53

Kerberos Key Distribution Center

When you use the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) system service, users can log on to the network by using the Kerberos version 5 authentication protocol. As in other implementations of the Kerberos protocol, the KDC is a single process that provides two services: the Authentication Service and the Ticket-Granting Service. The Authentication Service issues ticket granting tickets, and the Ticket-Granting Service issues tickets for connection to computers in its own domain.

System service name: kdc

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Kerberos TCP 88
Kerberos UDP 88

License Logging

The License Logging system service is a tool that was originally designed to help customers manage licenses for Microsoft server products that are licensed in the Server Client Access License (CAL) model. License Logging was introduced with Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51. By default, the License Logging service is disabled in Windows Server 2003. Because of legacy design constraints and evolving license terms and conditions, License Logging may not provide an accurate view of the total number of CALs that are purchased compared to the total number of CALs that are used on a particular server or across the enterprise. The CALs that are reported by License Logging may conflict with the interpretation of the End-User License Agreement (EULA) and with Product Use Rights (PUR). License Logging will not be included in future versions of the Windows operating system. Microsoft recommends that only users of the Microsoft Small Business Server family of operating systems enable this service on their servers.

System service name: LicenseService

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note The License Logging service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

Message Queuing

The Message Queuing system service is a messaging infrastructure and development tool for creating distributed messaging programs for Windows. These programs can communicate across heterogeneous networks and can send messages between computers that may be temporarily unable to connect to each other. Message Queuing helps provide security, efficient routing, support for sending messages within transactions, priority-based messaging, and guaranteed message delivery.

System service name: MSMQ

Application protocol Protocol Ports
MSMQ TCP 1801
MSMQ UDP 1801
MSMQ-DCs TCP 2101
MSMQ-Mgmt TCP 2107
MSMQ-Ping UDP 3527
MSMQ-RPC TCP 2105
MSMQ-RPC TCP 2103
RPC TCP 135

Messenger

The Messenger system service sends messages to or receives messages from users and computers, administrators, and the Alerter service. This service is not related to Windows Messenger. If you disable the Messenger service, notifications that are sent to computers or users who are currently logged on the network are not received. Additionally, the net send command and the net name command no longer function.

System service name: Messenger

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138

Microsoft Exchange MTA Stacks

In Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server and Microsoft Exchange Server 2003, the Message Transfer Agent (MTA) is frequently used to provide backward-compatible message transfer services between Exchange 2000 Server-based servers and Exchange Server 5.5-based servers in a mixed-mode environment.

System service name: MSExchangeMTA

Application protocol Protocol Ports
X.400 TCP 102

Microsoft Operations Manager 2000

Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) 2000 delivers enterprise-class operations management by providing comprehensive event management, proactive monitoring and alerting, reporting, and trend analysis. After you install MOM 2000 Service Pack 1 (SP1), MOM 2000 no longer uses a clear text communications channel, and all traffic between the MOM agent and the MOM server is encrypted over TCP port 1270. The MOM Administrator console uses DCOM to connect to the server. This means that administrators who manage the MOM server over the network must have access to random high TCP ports.

System service name: one point

Application protocol Protocol Ports
MOM-Clear TCP 51515
MOM-Encrypted TCP 1270

Microsoft POP3 Service

Microsoft POP3 Service provides e-mail transfer and retrieval services. Administrators can use this service to store and manage e-mail accounts on the mail server. When you install Microsoft POP3 Service on the mail server, users can connect to the mail server and can retrieve e-mail by using an e-mail client that supports the POP3 protocol, such as Microsoft Outlook.

System service name: POP3SVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
POP3 TCP 110

MSSQLSERVER

MSSQLSERVER is a system service in Microsoft SQL Server 2000. SQL Server provides a powerful and comprehensive data management platform. You can configure the ports that each instance of SQL Server uses by using the Server Network Utility.

System service name: MSSQLSERVER

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SQL over TCP TCP 1433
SQL Probe UDP 1434

MSSQL$UDDI

The MSSQL$UDDI system service is installed during the installation of the Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) feature of the Windows Server 2003 family of operating systems. MSSQL$UDDI provides UDDI capabilities in an enterprise. The SQL Server database engine is the core component of MSSQL$UDDI.

System service name: MSSQLSERVER

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SQL over TCP TCP 1433
SQL Probe UDP 1434

Net Logon

The Net Logon system service maintains a security channel between your computer and the domain controller to authenticate users and services. It passes the user's credentials to a domain controller and returns the domain security identifiers and user rights for the user. This is typically referred to as pass-through authentication. Net Logon is configured to start automatically only when a member computer or domain controller is joined to a domain. In the Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003 families, Net Logon publishes service resource locator records in the DNS. When this service runs, it relies on the Server service and on the Local Security Authority service to listen for incoming requests. On domain member computers, Net Logon uses RPC over named pipes. On domain controllers, it uses RPC over named pipes, RPC over TCP/IP, mailslots, and Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP).

System service name: Netlogon

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445
RPC TCP 135, random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Domain controllers and Active Directory" section in the "References" section.

Note The Net Logon service uses RPC over named pipes for down-level clients. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing

The NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing system service allows authorized users to remotely access your Windows desktop from another personal computer over a corporate intranet by using Windows NetMeeting. You must explicitly enable this service in NetMeeting. You can disable or shut down this feature by using an icon in the Windows notification area.

System service name: mnmsrvc

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Terminal Services TCP 3389

Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP)

The Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) system service allows computers that are running Windows Server 2003 to act as news servers. Clients can use a news client, such as Microsoft Outlook Express, to retrieve newsgroups from the server and to read the headers or the bodies of the articles in each newsgroup.

System service name: NNTPSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NNTP TCP 119
NNTP over SSL TCP 563

Performance Logs and Alerts

The Performance Logs and Alerts system service collects, based on preconfigured schedule parameters, performance data from local or remote computers and then writes that data to a log or triggers a message. Based on the information that is contained in the named log collection setting, the Performance Logs and Alerts service starts and stops each named performance data collection. This service only runs if at least one performance data collection is scheduled.

System service name: SysmonLog

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139

Print Spooler

The Print Spooler system service manages all local and network print queues and controls all print jobs. Print Spooler is the center of the Windows printing subsystem. It manages the print queues on the system and communicates with printer drivers and input/output (I/O) components, such as the USB port and the TCP/IP protocol suite.

System service name: Spooler

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note The Spooler service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

Remote Installation

You can use the Remote Installation system service to install Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 on Pre-Boot eXecution Environment (PXE) remote boot-enabled client computers. The Boot Information Negotiation Layer (BINL) service, the primary component of Remote Installation Server (RIS), answers PXE client requests, checks Active Directory for client validation, and passes client information to and from the server. The BINL service is installed when you either add the RIS component from Add/Remove Windows Components, or select it when you initially install the operating system.

System service name: BINLSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
BINL UDP 4011

Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

The Remote Procedure Call (RPC) system service is an interprocess communication (IPC) mechanism that enables data exchange and invocation of functionality that reside in a different process. The different process can be on the same computer, on the LAN, or in a remote location, and can be accessed over a WAN connection or over a VPN connection. The RPC service serves as the RPC endpoint mapper and Component Object Model (COM) Service Control Manager. Many services depend on the RPC service to start successfully.

System service name: RpcSs

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
RPC over HTTPS TCP 593
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note The RPC Endpoint Mapper also offers its services by using named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator

The Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator system service manages the RPC name service database. When this service is turned on, RPC clients can locate RPC servers. This service is turned off by default.

System service name: RpcLocator

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note The RPC service Locator offers its services by using RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

Remote Storage Notification

The Remote Storage Notification system service notifies users when they read from or write to files that are only available from a secondary storage media. Stopping this service prevents this notification.

System service name: Remote_Storage_User_Link

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Remote Storage Server

The Remote Storage Server system service stores infrequently used files on a secondary storage medium. If you stop this service, users cannot move or retrieve files from the secondary storage media.

System service name: Remote_Storage_Server

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Routing and Remote Access

The Routing and Remote Access service provides multiprotocol LAN-to-LAN, LAN-to-WAN, VPN, and NAT routing services. Additionally, the Routing and Remote Access service also provides dial-up and VPN remote access services. Although Routing and Remote Access can use all the following protocols, the service typically uses only a subset of them. For example, if you configure a VPN gateway that lies behind a filtering router, you will probably use only one technology. If you use L2TP with IPsec, you must allow IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50), NAT-T (UDP on port 4500), and IPsec ISAKMP (UDP on port 500) through the router.

Note Although NAT-T and IPsec ISAKMP are required for L2TP, these ports are actually monitored by the Local Security Authority. For additional information about this, see the "References" section of this article.

System service name: RemoteAccess

Application protocol Protocol Ports
GRE (IP protocol 47) GRE n/a
IPsec AH (IP protocol 51) AH n/a
IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50) ESP n/a
L2TP UDP 1701
PPTP TCP 1723

Server

The Server system service provides RPC support and file, print, and named pipe sharing over the network. The Server service allows the sharing of local resources, such as disks and printers, so that other users on the network can access them. It also allows named pipe communication between programs that are running on the local computer and on other computers. Named pipe communication is memory that is reserved for the output of one process to be used as input for another process. The input-accepting process does not have to be local to the computer.

Note If a computer name resolves to multiple IP addresses using WINS, or if WINS failed and the name is resolved using DNS, NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) will try to ping the IP address or addresses of the file server. Port 139 communications depend on Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo messages. If Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is not installed, port 445 communications will also depend on ICMP for name resolution. Preloaded Lmhosts entries will bypass the DNS resolver. If IPv6 is installed on Windows Server 2003-based or Windows XP-based systems, port 445 communications will not trigger any ICMP requests.

System service name: lanmanserver

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

SharePoint Portal Server

With the SharePoint Portal Server system service, you can develop an intelligent portal that seamlessly connects users, teams, and knowledge so that people can take advantage of relevant information across business processes. Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server 2003 provides an enterprise business solution that integrates information from various systems into one solution through single sign-on and enterprise application integration capabilities.

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTP TCP 80
HTTPS TCP 443

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)

The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) system service is an e-mail submission and relay agent. It accepts and queues e-mail for remote destinations, and it retries at specified intervals. Windows domain controllers use the SMTP service for intersite e-mail-based replication. The Collaboration Data Objects (CDO) for the Windows Server 2003 COM component can use the SMTP service to submit and to queue outbound e-mail.

System service name: SMTPSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SMTP TCP 25
SMTP UDP 25

Simple TCP/IP Services

Simple TCP/IP Services implements support for the following protocols:

  • Echo, port 7, RFC 862
  • Discard, port 9, RFC 863
  • Character Generator, port 19, RFC 864
  • Daytime, port 13, RFC 867
  • Quote of the Day, port 17, RFC 865

System service name: SimpTcp

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Chargen TCP 19
Chargen UDP 19
Daytime TCP 13
Daytime UDP 13
Discard TCP 9
Discard UDP 9
Echo TCP 7
Echo UDP 7
Quotd TCP 17
Quoted UDP 17

SMS Remote Control Agent

SMS Remote Control Agent is a system service in Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) 2003. SMS Remote Control Agent provides a comprehensive solution for change and for configuration management for the Microsoft operating systems. With this solution, organizations can provide relevant software and updates to users.

System service name: Wuser32

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SMS Remote Chat TCP 2703
SMS Remote Chat UDP 2703
SMS Remote Control (control) TCP 2701
SMS Remote Control (control) UDP 2701
SMS Remote Control (data) TCP 2702
SMS Remote Control (data) UDP 2702
SMS Remote File Transfer TCP 2704
SMS Remote File Transfer UDP 2704

SNMP Service

SNMP Service allows incoming Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) requests to be serviced by the local computer. SNMP Service includes agents that monitor activity in network devices and report to the network console workstation. SNMP Service provides a method of managing network hosts (such as workstation or server computers, routers, bridges, and hubs) from a centrally-located computer that is running network management software. SNMP performs management services by using a distributed architecture of management systems and agents.

System service name: SNMP

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SNMP UDP 161

SNMP Trap Service

SNMP Trap Service receives trap messages that are generated by local or by remote SNMP agents and then forwards those messages to SNMP management programs that are running on your computer. SNMP Trap Service, when configured for an agent, generates trap messages if any specific events occur. These messages are sent to a trap destination. For example, an agent can be configured to initiate an authentication trap if an unrecognized management system sends a request for information. Trap destinations include the computer name, the IP address, or the Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) address of the management system. The trap destination must be a network-enabled host that is running SNMP management software.

System service name: SNMPTRAP

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SNMP Traps Outbound UDP 162

SQL Analysis Server

The SQL Analysis Server system service is a component of SQL Server 2000. With SQL Analysis Server, you can create and manage OLAP cubes and data mining models. The analysis server may access local or remote data sources for creating and storing cubes or data mining models.

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SQL Analysis Services TCP 2725

SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support

This system service is used by SQL Server 2000 when the SQL Analysis Server service has to support connections from downlevel (OLAP Services 7.0) clients. These are the default ports for OLAP services that are used by SQL 7.0.

Application protocol Protocol Ports
OLAP Services 7.0 TCP 2393
OLAP Services 7.0 TCP 2394

SSDP Discovery Service

SSDP Discovery Service implements Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP) as a Windows service. SSDP Discovery Service manages receipt of device presence announcements, updates its cache, and passes these notifications along to clients with outstanding search requests. SSDP Discovery Service also accepts registration of event callbacks from clients, turns these into subscription requests, and monitors for event notifications. It then passes these requests along to the registered callbacks. This system service also provides hosted devices with periodic announcements. Currently, the SSDP event notification service uses TCP port 5000. Starting with the next Windows XP service pack, it will rely on TCP port 2869.

Note At the time of this writing, the current Windows XP service pack level is Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1).

System service name: SSDPRSR

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SSDP UDP 1900
SSDP event notification TCP 2869
SSDP legacy event notification TCP 5000

Systems Management Server 2.0

Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) 2003 provides a comprehensive solution for change and configuration management for Microsoft operating systems. With this solution, organizations can provide relevant software and updates to users quickly and cost-effectively.

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
RPC TCP 135
SMB TCP 445
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

TCP/IP Print Server

The TCP/IP Print Server system service enables TCP/IP–based printing by using the Line Printer Daemon (LPD) protocol. The LPD service on the server receives documents from Line Printer Remote (LPR) utilities that are running on UNIX computers.

System service name: LPDSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
LPD TCP 515

Telnet

The Telnet system service for Windows provides ASCII terminal sessions to Telnet clients. A Telnet server supports two types of authentication and supports the following four types of terminals:

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
VT-100
VT-52
VTNT


System service name: TlntSvr

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Telnet TCP 23

Terminal Services

Terminal Services provides a multi-session environment that allows client devices to access a virtual Windows desktop session and Windows-based programs that are running on the server. Terminal Services allows multiple users to be connected interactively to a computer.

System service name: TermService

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Terminal Services TCP 3389

Terminal Services Licensing

The Terminal Services Licensing system service installs a license server and provides licenses to registered clients when the clients connect to a terminal server (a server that has Terminal Server enabled). Terminal Services Licensing is a low-impact service that stores the client licenses that have been issued for a terminal server, and then tracks the licenses that have been issued to client computers or terminals.

System service name: TermServLicensing

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Note Terminal Services Licensing offers its services by using RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as those of the "File and Printer Sharing" feature.

Terminal Services Session Directory

The Terminal Services Session Directory system service allows clusters of load-balanced terminal servers to correctly route a user's connection request to the server where the user already has a session running. Users are routed to the first-available terminal server, regardless of whether they are running another session in the server cluster. The load-balancing functionality pools the processing resources of several servers by using the TCP/IP networking protocol. You can use this service with a cluster of terminal servers to increase the performance of a single terminal server by distributing sessions across multiple servers. Terminal Services Session Directory keeps track of disconnected sessions on the cluster and makes sure that users are reconnected to those sessions.

System service name: Tssdis

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65534*

* For more information about how to customize this port, see the "Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM" section in the "References" section.

Trivial FTP Daemon

The Trivial FTP Daemon system service does not require a user name or a password and is an integral part of the Remote Installation Services (RIS). The Trivial FTP Daemon service implements support for the Trivial FTP Protocol (TFTP) that is defined by the following RFCs:

RFC 1350 - TFTP
RFC 2347 - Option extension
RFC 2348 - Block size option
RFC 2349 - Timeout interval, and transfer size options


Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a file transfer protocol that is designed to support diskless boot environments. The TFTP service listens on UDP port 69 but responds from a randomly allocated high port. Therefore, enabling this port will let the TFTP service receive incoming TFTP requests, but will not let the selected server respond to those requests. The service is free to respond to any such request from any source port it wishes, and the remote client will then use that port for the duration of the transfer. Communication is bidirectional. If you need to enable this protocol through a firewall, it may be useful to open UDP port 69 inbound. You can then rely on other firewall features, which dynamically allow the service to respond through temporary holes on any other port.

System service name: tftpd

Application protocol Protocol Ports
TFTP UDP 69

Universal Plug and Play Device Host

The Universal Plug and Play Host discovery system service implements all the components that are required for device registration, control, and the response to events for hosted devices. The information that is registered that pertains to a device (the description, the lifetimes, and the containers) are optionally stored to disk and are announced on the network after registration, or when the operating system restarts. The service also includes the Web server that serves the device, in addition to service descriptions and a presentation page.

System service name: UPNPHost

Application protocol Protocol Ports
UPNP TCP 2869

Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)

Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) enables NetBIOS name resolution. This service helps you locate network resources by using NetBIOS names. WINS servers are required unless all domains have been upgraded to the Active Directory directory service and unless all computers on the network are running Windows 2000 or later. WINS servers communicate with network clients by using NetBIOS name resolution. WINS replication is only required between WINS servers.

System service name: WINS

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
WINS Replication TCP 42
WINS Replication UDP 42

Windows Media Services

Windows Media Services in Windows Server 2003 replaces the following four services that are included in Windows Media Services versions 4.0 and 4.1:

Windows Media Monitor Service
Windows Media Program Service
Windows Media Station Service
Windows Media Unicast Service


Windows Media Services is now a single service that runs on Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition; Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition; and Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition. Its core components were developed by using the COM, and it has a flexible architecture that you can customize for specific programs. It supports a greater variety of control protocols, including Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP), Microsoft Media Server (MMS) protocol, and HTTP.

System service name: WMServer

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTP TCP 80
MMS TCP 1755
MMS UDP 1755
MS Theater UDP 2460
RTCP UDP 5005
RTP UDP 5004
RTSP TCP 554

Windows Time

The Windows Time system service maintains date and time synchronization on all Windows XP and Windows Server 2003-based computers on a network. This service uses Network Time Protocol (NTP) to synchronize computer clocks so that an accurate clock value, or timestamp is assigned for network validation and for resource access requests. The implementation of NTP and the integration of time providers help make Windows Time a reliable and scalable time service for your enterprise. For computers that are not joined to a domain, you can configure Windows Time to synchronize time with an external time source. If this service is turned off, the time setting for local computers is not synchronized with a time service in the Windows domain or with an externally configured time service. Windows Server 2003 uses NTP. NTP runs on UDP port 123. The Windows 2000 version of this service uses Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP). SNTP also runs on UDP port 123.

When the Windows Time service uses a Windows domain configuration, the service requires domain controller location and authentication services. Therefore, the ports for Kerberos and DNS are required.

System service name: W32Time

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NTP UDP 123
SNTP UDP 123

World Wide Web Publishing Service

World Wide Web Publishing Service provides the infrastructure that is necessary to register, to manage, to monitor, and to serve Web sites and programs that are registered with IIS. This system service contains a process manager and a configuration manager. The process manager controls the processes where custom applications and Web sites reside. The configuration manager reads the stored system configuration for World Wide Web Publishing Service and makes sure that Http.sys is configured to route HTTP requests to the appropriate application pools or operating system processes. You can configure the ports that are used by this service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in. If the administrative Web site is enabled, a virtual Web site is created that uses HTTP traffic on TCP port 8098.

System service name: W3SVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTP TCP 80
HTTPS TCP 443

Ports and protocols

The following table summarizes the information from the "System services ports" section. This table is sorted by port number instead of by the service name.

Port Protocol Application protocol System service name
n/a GRE GRE (IP protocol 47) Routing and Remote Access
n/a ESP IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50) Routing and Remote Access
n/a AH IPsec AH (IP protocol 51) Routing and Remote Access
7 TCP Echo Simple TCP/IP Services
7 UDP Echo Simple TCP/IP Services
9 TCP Discard Simple TCP/IP Services
9 UDP Discard Simple TCP/IP Services
13 TCP Daytime Simple TCP/IP Services
13 UDP Daytime Simple TCP/IP Services
17 TCP Quotd Simple TCP/IP Services
17 UDP Quotd Simple TCP/IP Services
19 TCP Chargen Simple TCP/IP Services
19 UDP Chargen Simple TCP/IP Services
20 TCP FTP default data FTP Publishing Service
21 TCP FTP control FTP Publishing Service
21 TCP FTP control Application Layer Gateway Service
23 TCP Telnet Telnet
25 TCP SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
25 UDP SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
25 TCP SMTP Exchange Server
25 UDP SMTP Exchange Server
42 TCP WINS Replication Windows Internet Name Service
42 UDP WINS Replication Windows Internet Name Service
53 TCP DNS DNS Server
53 UDP DNS DNS Server
53 TCP DNS Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing
53 UDP DNS Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing
67 UDP DHCP Server DHCP Server
67 UDP DHCP Server Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing
69 UDP TFTP Trivial FTP Daemon Service
80 TCP HTTP Windows Media Services
80 TCP HTTP World Wide Web Publishing Service
80 TCP HTTP SharePoint Portal Server
88 TCP Kerberos Kerberos Key Distribution Center
88 UDP Kerberos Kerberos Key Distribution Center
102 TCP X.400 Microsoft Exchange MTA Stacks
110 TCP POP3 Microsoft POP3 Service
110 TCP POP3 Exchange Server
119 TCP NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol
123 UDP NTP Windows Time
123 UDP SNTP Windows Time
135 TCP RPC Message Queuing
135 TCP RPC Remote Procedure Call
135 TCP RPC Exchange Server
135 TCP RPC Certificate Services
135 TCP RPC Cluster Service
135 TCP RPC Distributed File System
135 TCP RPC Distributed Link Tracking
135 TCP RPC Distributed Transaction Coordinator
135 TCP RPC Distributed File Replication Service
135 TCP RPC Fax Service
135 TCP RPC Microsoft Exchange Server
135 TCP RPC File Replication Service
135 TCP RPC Group Policy
135 TCP RPC Local Security Authority
135 TCP RPC Remote Storage Notification
135 TCP RPC Remote Storage Server
135 TCP RPC Systems Management Server 2.0
135 TCP RPC Terminal Services Licensing
135 TCP RPC Terminal Services Session Directory
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Computer Browser
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Server
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Windows Internet Name Service
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Net Logon
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Systems Management Server 2.0
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Computer Browser
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Messenger
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Server
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Net Logon
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Distributed File System
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Systems Management Server 2.0
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service License Logging Service
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Computer Browser
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Fax Service
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Performance Logs and Alerts
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Print Spooler
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Server
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Net Logon
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Remote Procedure Call Locator
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Distributed File System
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Systems Management Server 2.0
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service License Logging Service
143 TCP IMAP Exchange Server
161 UDP SNMP SNMP Service
162 UDP SNMP Traps Outbound SNMP Trap Service
389 TCP LDAP Server Local Security Authority
389 UDP LDAP Server Local Security Authority
389 TCP LDAP Server Distributed File System
389 UDP LDAP Server Distributed File System
443 TCP HTTPS HTTP SSL
443 TCP HTTPS World Wide Web Publishing Service
443 TCP HTTPS SharePoint Portal Server
443 TCP RPC over HTTPS Exchange Server 2003
445 TCP SMB Fax Service
445 TCP SMB Print Spooler
445 TCP SMB Server
445 TCP SMB Remote Procedure Call Locator
445 TCP SMB Distributed File System
445 TCP SMB License Logging Service
445 TCP SMB Net Logon
464 TCP Kerberos Password V5 Net Logon
500 UDP IPsec ISAKMP Local Security Authority
515 TCP LPD TCP/IP Print Server
548 TCP File Server for Macintosh File Server for Macintosh
554 TCP RTSP Windows Media Services
563 TCP NNTP over SSL Network News Transfer Protocol
593 TCP RPC over HTTPS endpoint mapper Remote Procedure Call
593 TCP RPC over HTTPS Exchange Server
636 TCP LDAP SSL Local Security Authority
636 UDP LDAP SSL Local Security Authority
993 TCP IMAP over SSL Exchange Server
995 TCP POP3 over SSL Exchange Server
1067 TCP Installation Bootstrap Service Installation Bootstrap protocol server
1068 TCP Installation Bootstrap Service Installation Bootstrap protocol client
1270 TCP MOM-Encrypted Microsoft Operations Manager 2000
1433 TCP SQL over TCP Microsoft SQL Server
1433 TCP SQL over TCP MSSQL$UDDI
1434 UDP SQL Probe Microsoft SQL Server
1434 UDP SQL Probe MSSQL$UDDI
1645 UDP Legacy RADIUS Internet Authentication Service
1646 UDP Legacy RADIUS Internet Authentication Service
1701 UDP L2TP Routing and Remote Access
1723 TCP PPTP Routing and Remote Access
1755 TCP MMS Windows Media Services
1755 UDP MMS Windows Media Services
1801 TCP MSMQ Message Queuing
1801 UDP MSMQ Message Queuing
1812 UDP RADIUS Authentication Internet Authentication Service
1813 UDP RADIUS Accounting Internet Authentication Service
1900 UDP SSDP SSDP Discovery Service
2101 TCP MSMQ-DCs Message Queuing
2103 TCP MSMQ-RPC Message Queuing
2105 TCP MSMQ-RPC Message Queuing
2107 TCP MSMQ-Mgmt Message Queuing
2393 TCP OLAP Services 7.0 SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support
2394 TCP OLAP Services 7.0 SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support
2460 UDP MS Theater Windows Media Services
2535 UDP MADCAP DHCP Server
2701 TCP SMS Remote Control (control) SMS Remote Control Agent
2701 UDP SMS Remote Control (control) SMS Remote Control Agent
2702 TCP SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote Control Agent
2702 UDP SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote Control Agent
2703 TCP SMS Remote Chat SMS Remote Control Agent
2703 UPD SMS Remote Chat SMS Remote Control Agent
2704 TCP SMS Remote File Transfer SMS Remote Control Agent
2704 UDP SMS Remote File Transfer SMS Remote Control Agent
2725 TCP SQL Analysis Services SQL Analysis Server
2869 TCP UPNP Universal Plug and Play Device Host
2869 TCP SSDP event notification SSDP Discovery Service
3268 TCP Global Catalog Server Local Security Authority
3269 TCP Global Catalog Server Local Security Authority
3343 UDP Cluster Services Cluster Service
3389 TCP Terminal Services NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing
3389 TCP Terminal Services Terminal Services
3527 UDP MSMQ-Ping Message Queuing
4011 UDP BINL Remote Installation
4500 UDP NAT-T Local Security Authority
5000 TCP SSDP legacy event notification SSDP Discovery Service
5004 UDP RTP Windows Media Services
5005 UDP RTCP Windows Media Services
6001 TCP Information Store Exchange Server 2003
6002 TCP Directory Referral Exchange Server 2003
6004 TCP DSProxy/NSPI Exchange Server 2003
42424 TCP ASP.Net Session State ASP.NET State Service
51515 TCP MOM-Clear Microsoft Operations Manager 2000
1024-65534 TCP RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports

Microsoft provides the information in this table in a Microsoft Excel worksheet. This worksheet is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:
[GRAPHIC: Download]Download the Port_Requirements_for_Microsoft_Windows_Server_System.xls package now.

Active Directory port and protocol requirements

Application servers, client computers and domain controllers that are located in common or external forests have service dependencies so that user and computer initiated operations like domain join, logon authentication, remote administration, and Active Directory replication work correctly. Such services and operations require network connectivity over specific port and networking protocols.

A summarized list of services, ports and protocols required for member computers and domain controllers to inter-operate with each other or for application servers to access Active Directory include but are not limited to the following.

Services on which Active Directory depends
  • Active Directory / LSA
  • Computer Browser
  • Distributed File System
  • File Replication Service
  • Kerberos Key Distribution Center
  • Net Logon
  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC)
  • Server
  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) (if so configured)
  • WINS (in Windows Server 2003 SP1 and later versions for backup Active Directory replication operations, if DNS is not working)
  • Windows Time
  • World Wide Web Publishing Service
Services that require Active Directory services
  • Certificate Services (required for specific configurations)
  • DHCP Server (if so configured)
  • Distributed File System
  • Distributed Link Tracking Server (optional but on by default on Windows 2000 computers)
  • Distributed Transaction Coordinator
  • DNS Server (if so configured)
  • Fax Service (if so configured)
  • File Replication Service
  • File Server for Macintosh (if so configured)
  • Internet Authentication Service (if so configured)
  • License Logging (on by default)
  • Net Logon
  • Print Spooler
  • Remote Installation (if so configured)
  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator
  • Remote Storage Notification
  • Remote Storage Server
  • Routing and Remote Access
  • Server
  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) (if so configured)
  • Terminal Services
  • Terminal Services Licensing
  • Terminal Services Session Directory


REFERENCES

The Help files for each of the Microsoft products that are described in this article contain additional information that you may find useful to help configure your programs. Windows Server 2003 Help contains step-by-step instructions about how to configure specific technologies and server roles.

For more information about a related topic, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

179442 How to configure a firewall for domains and trusts


General information

For more information about how to help secure Windows Server 2003 and for sample IPsec filters for specific server roles, see the "Windows Server 2003 Security Guide." To see this guide, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For more information about operating system services, security settings, and IPsec filtering, see the "Threats and Countermeasures Guide." To see this guide, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For more information about port assignments for well-known ports, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

174904 Information about TCP/IP port assignments


Additionally, see "Appendix B - Port Reference for MS TCP/IP" in the Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Resource Kit. To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Additionally, see "TCP and UDP Port Assignments" in the Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit. To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Additionally, see the "Port Assignments and Protocol Numbers" document from the Windows 2000 Resource Kits. To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority coordinates the use of well-known ports. To view this organization's list of TCP/IP port assignments, visit the following Web site:

Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM

For a detailed discussion of DCOM, see the "Using Distributed COM with Firewalls" white paper. To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For a detailed description of RPC, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For more information about configuring RPC to work with a firewall, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

154596 How to configure RPC dynamic port allocation to work with firewalls


For more information about the RPC protocol and how computers that are running Windows 2000 initialize, see the "Windows 2000 Startup and Logon Traffic Analysis" white paper. To do this, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Domain controllers and Active Directory

For more information about how to restrict Active Directory replication and client logon traffic, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

224196 Restricting Active Directory replication traffic and client RPC traffic to a specific port


For an explanation of how the Directory System Agent, LDAP, and the local system authority are related, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For additional information about how LDAP and the global catalog work in Windows 2000, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Exchange Server

For more information about how to restrict Exchange 2000 Server and Exchange Server 2003 MAPI traffic, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

270836 Exchange 2000 and Exchange 2003 static port mappings


For more information about the network ports and protocols that are supported by Exchange 2000 Server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

278339 TCP/UDP ports used by Exchange 2000 Server


For more information about the ports that are used by Exchange Server 5.5 and earlier versions of Exchange Server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

176466 TCP Ports and Microsoft Exchange: In-depth discussion


There may be additional items to consider for your particular environment. For more information and for help with planning an Exchange implementation, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For more information, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

280132 Exchange 2000 Windows 2000 connectivity through firewalls


282446 DSProxy configuration for static ports on Exchange cluster


827330 How to troubleshoot client RPC over HTTP connection issues in Office Outlook 2003


833401 How to configure RPC over HTTP in Exchange Server 2003


File Replication Service

For more information about how to configure FRS to work with a firewall, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

319553 How to restrict FRS replication traffic to a specific static port


Distributed File Replication Service

The Distributed File Replication Service includes the Dfsrdiag.exe command-line tool. Dfsrdiag.exe can set the server RPC port that is used for administration and replication. To use Dfsrdiag.exe to set the server RPC port, follow this example:

dfsrdiag StaticRPC /port:nnnnn /Member:Branch01.sales.contoso.com


In this example, nnnnn represents a single, static RPC port that DFSR will use for replication. Branch01.sales.contoso.com represents the DNS or NetBIOS name of the target member computer. If no member is specified, Dfsrdiag.exe uses the local computer.

Internet Information Services

For more information about the ports that are used by IIS 4.0, by IIS 5.0, and by IIS 5.1, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

327859 Inetinfo services use additional ports beyond well-known ports


For information about how FTP works, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

IPsec and VPNs

For more information about how to configure IPSec default exemptions in Windows, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

811832 IPsec default exemptions can be used to bypass IPsec protection in some scenarios


For more information about the ports and protocols that are used by IPSec, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

233256 How to enable IPSec traffic through a firewall


For more information about new and updated features in L2TP and IPSec, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

818043 L2TP/IPSec NAT-T update for Windows XP and Windows 2000


Multicast Address Dynamic Client Allocation Protocol (MADCAP)

For more information about how to plan MADCAP servers, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Message Queuing

For more information about the ports that are used by Microsoft Message Queuing, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

178517 TCP ports, UDP ports, and RPC ports that are used by Message Queuing


Mobile Information Server

For more information about the ports that are used by Microsoft Mobile Information Server 2001, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

294297 TCP/IP ports used by Microsoft Mobile Information Server


Microsoft Operations Manager

For information about how to plan for and to deploy MOM, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Systems Management Server

For more information about the ports that are used by SMS 2003, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

826852 Ports that Systems Management Server 2003 uses to communicate through a firewall or through a proxy server


For more information about the ports that are used by SMS 2.0, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

167128 Network ports used by Remote Helpdesk functions


For more information about how to configure SMS through a firewall, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

200898 How to use Systems Management Server 2.0 through a firewall


For more information about the ports that are used by SMS 2.0 Remote Tools, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

256884 TCP and UDP ports that are used by Remote Control have changed in SMS 2.0 Service Pack 2


SQL Server

For more information about how SQL Server 2000 dynamically determines ports for secondary instances, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

286303 Behavior of SQL Server 2000 Network Library during dynamic port detection


For more information about the ports that are used by SQL Server 7.0 and SQL Server 2000 for OLAP, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

301901 TCP ports used by OLAP services when connecting through a firewall


Terminal Services

For more information about how to configure the port that is used by Terminal Services, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

187623 How to change Terminal Server's listening port


Controlling communications over the Internet in Windows

For additional information about how Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1) communicates over the Internet, see the "Using Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 1 in a Managed Environment" white paper. To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For additional information about how Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 (SP4) communicates over the Internet, see the "Using Windows 2000 with Service Pack 4 in a Managed Environment" white paper. To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For additional information about how Windows Server 2003 communicates over the Internet, see the "Using Windows Server 2003 in a Managed Environment" white paper. To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

Keywords: kbfirewall kbhowtomaster KB832017