Difference between revisions of "Microsoft KB Archive/41019"

From BetaArchive Wiki
m (Text replacement - "<" to "<")
m (Text replacement - ">" to ">")
 
Line 118: Line 118:
 
<div class="indent">
 
<div class="indent">
  
<blank line&gt;<br />
+
<blank line><br />
 
thisisthes<br />
 
thisisthes<br />
 
sthethirdlineofthefi<br />
 
sthethirdlineofthefi<br />

Latest revision as of 10:19, 21 July 2020

Article ID: 41019

Article Last Modified on 12/1/2003



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.0
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.01
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.1
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.0
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.1
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.1
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.0
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.1
  • Microsoft FORTRAN PowerStation 1.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Fortran PowerStation 1.0a for MS-DOS
  • Microsoft FORTRAN PowerStation 32
  • Microsoft FORTRAN PowerStation 32



This article was previously published under Q41019

SYMPTOMS

In a FORTRAN READ statement, an alphanumeric variable is padded with blank characters or random data.

CAUSE

In the READ statement format string, the length specified in the A format descriptor is longer than the width of the associated character variable.

RESOLUTION

Specify a smaller length value with the A format descriptor.

MORE INFORMATION

Truncating the input field is the behavior specified in the "American National Standard, Programming Language FORTRAN" document, approved April 3, 1978. The ANSI FORTRAN-77 specification includes the following statement on Page 13-13:

Let len be the length of the input/output list item. If the specified field width w for A input is greater than or equal to len, the rightmost len characters will be taken from the input field.


In other words, if the format width for an alphanumeric is greater than the variable in which the data are stored, the READ begins at character position (width - variable_length + 1). Therefore, as the example below demonstrates, if the input record is shorter than the specified format width, the variable includes blank characters or other random data.

The following sample data file and application source code demonstrate this behavior.

Sample Data File TEST.DAT

thisisthefirstlineofthefile
thisisthesecondlineofthefile
thisisthethirdlineofthefile
thisisthelastlineofthefile


Sample Code

C Compiler options needed: None

      CHARACTER*20 STUFF
      OPEN(UNIT = 1, FILE = 'TEST.DAT')
      READ(1, '(A100)') STUFF
      WRITE(*, *) STUFF
      READ(1, '(A10)') STUFF
      WRITE(*, *) STUFF
      READ(1, '(A25)') STUFF
      WRITE(*, *) STUFF
      READ(1, '(A)') STUFF
      WRITE(*, *) STUFF
      CLOSE(1)
      STOP
      END
                

The sample application produces the following output. The first line is blank because the program reads input beginning at column (100 - 20 + 1), column 81. The second line receives the first 10 characters. The third line begins at column (25 - 20 + 1), column 6. The fourth line receives the first 20 characters. The output is as follows:

<blank line>
thisisthes
sthethirdlineofthefi
thisisthelastlineoft



Additional query words: 1.00 4.00 4.01 4.10 5.00 5.10

Keywords: kblangfortran KB41019