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Microsoft KB Archive/168521

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Knowledge Base

How To Reapply Default Values to Reuse/Recycle Deleted Record

Article ID: 168521

Article Last Modified on 7/1/2004


  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0b Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0a
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 6.0 Professional Edition

This article was previously published under Q168521


This article demonstrates how you can retrieve default values for a deleted record being reused or "recycled" in Visual FoxPro 3.x and 5.x.


In Visual FoxPro, the DELETE command does not delete a record physically; rather, it only marks the record for deletion. Using the RECALL command unmarks the deleted record.

In order to physically delete a record from a table in Visual FoxPro, use the PACK command. Using PACK requires the table to be opened exclusively.

In a multi-user environment, it may be difficult to obtain exclusive use of the file for packing. To work around this problem, you can recycle deleted records by using the technique illustrated below.

This article assumes you have an existing database and certain fields have default values in the table.

The following code snippet does the following:

  1. Looks for a deleted record.
  2. Retrieves the default values from the table in the database.
  3. Re-uses the first deleted record found.

If no deleted records are found, a new record is appended:

   LOCAL lcDeleted, dExpr, nCount, a_field[1]
   lcDeleted = set("DELETED")

   * Looks for deleted record in the table

      * bring it back to life and blank its fields
      * blank out the contain of the deleted record

     * Retrieve all default values from the base table.
      FOR nCount = 1 to AFIELDS(a_field)
          dExpr = DBGetProp(CursorGetProp("SourceName")+ ;
                  "." + a_field[nCount, 1], "Field", "DefaultValue")
          * if there is a default value, use it
          IF !Empty(dExpr)
             REPLACE (a_field[nCount, 1]) WITH EVAL(dExpr)

   SET DELETED &lcDeleted

In order to retrieve default values from the database, the database needs to be open at all times. If the database is not open, an error occurs.

NOTE: Unused space in memo files will not be recycled. To recover unused space in memo files, you must issue a PACK MEMO command (which requires that the table be opened EXCLUSIVELY).

Keywords: kbhowto KB168521