Microsoft KB Archive/106706

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How to Use Function Keys as Shortcuts in Menus

ID: Q106706

The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft FoxPro for MS-DOS, versions 2.0, 2.5, 2.5a, 2.5b


To use function keys F2 through F9 as direct shortcuts to menu bars (menu options), you must first disable the default macro assignment for these keys either through the Command window or a program, or through the CONFIG.FP file, as described below.


By default, FoxPro initiates the following macro assignments for function keys F2 through F9:

F2: SetV F3: List

F4: Dir
F5: Display Structure
F6: Display Status
F7: Display Memory
F8: Display

F9: Append

Before you can use these function keys as shortcuts to menu bars, you must first remove the default macro assignment for the function keys.

Clearing Function Keys in the Command Window or in a Program

To clear individual function keys, you can use the SET FUNCTION command with no expression following the TO clause. For example, to clear the F2 key, issue the following command: '


This command clears the default assignment, thus allowing the menu to accept the function key as a shortcut for a menu bar or pad.

To clear all macro assignments, issue the CLEAR MACROS command.

Clearing Function Keys in the CONFIG.FP File

To clear individual function keys in the CONFIG.FP file, do the following:

  1. Issue the following command in the Command window: '

          MODIFY FILE <path>\config.fp 
  2. Assign the function key to a null expression. For example, to clear the F2 key, type the following in the CONFIG.FP file: '

          F2 = "" 

To clear all the function key assignments, type the following in the CONFIG.FP file: '


Since you can issue the COMMAND = statement only once in the CONFIG.FP file, if you need to issue more than one command when FoxPro starts, put all the commands in a program. Assuming this program is called MAIN.PRG, type the following in the CONFIG.FP file: '

   COMMAND = DO main 


"Language Reference," version 2.5, page L3-931

Additional query words: FoxDos item command

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Last Reviewed: August 25, 1999
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