Microsoft KB Archive/102871

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Callback Functions in Multiple Instance Applications

Q102871



The information in this article applies to:


  • Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit (SDK) versions 3.0, 3.1





SUMMARY

The following are some requirements for callback functions in multiple instance applications when compiling with Microsoft C version 7.0 or C version 8.0 for protected-mode-only Win16:


  • Callback functions must be branded with the "__export" keyword. The compiler switches -GA -GEf force all far functions in a module to be __export. The optimum method is to add the __export keyword to the particular callback function and not use the -GEf switch. Example:

          BOOL CALLBACK __export CallBackProc 
  • Callback functions called via MakeProcInstance() must load DS from the value in AX. Use the compiler switch -GA with the -GEa switch to generate prolog code to load DS from the value in AX on all __export functions. The default for -GA is load DS from SS, which is not a valid assumption in callbacks. The code when loaded into memory should have three NOPs instructions at __export function entry points. Check with your favorite debugger that can show mixed/asm view once the module is loaded into memory.
  • Callback functions must have an export record in the EXE header. The classic method is to list the function in the EXPORTS section of the module's .DEF file. The callback's module can be built with the - GA -GEe switches to place an export record in the .OBJ at compile time for all __export functions.
  • Callback functions must assume SS != DS, DS not loaded on function entry. Compile with -Aw memory model customizer to have correct code generated.
  • Callback functions must not call C Run-time library code contained in the application (xLIBCyW.LIB) libraries. They assume SS == DS.

Additional query words: 3.10

Keywords : kb16bitonly
Issue type :
Technology : kbAudDeveloper kbWin3xSearch kbSDKSearch kbWinSDKSearch kbWinSDK300 kbWinSDK310


Last Reviewed: November 6, 1999
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