Microsoft KB Archive/93006

From BetaArchive Wiki

PRB: Error L2029 for __aseglo, __aseghi Linking Application


6.00 6.00a 6.00ax 7.00 | 1.00 1.50 MS-DOS | WINDOWS kbtool kbprb ---------------------------------------------------------------------- The information in this article applies to: The Microsoft C/C++ Compiler (CL.EXE) included with: - Microsoft C for MS-DOS, versions 6.0, 6.0a, 6.0ax - Microsoft C/C++ for MS-DOS, version 7.0 - Microsoft Visual C++ for Windows, versions 1.0 and 1.5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- SYMPTOMS ======== During the process of creating an application for the Windows environment using the /Zr compiler option switch, the Microsoft Linker generates the following error messages: error L2029: '__aseghi' : unresolved external error L2029: '__aseglo' : unresolved external These errors occur using the run-time libraries from the Windows Software Development Kit (SDK) version 3.0 or the Microsoft C 6.0 Run-time Libraries from the Windows SDK version 3.1. These errors do not occur when the code is compiled with Microsoft C/C++ version 7.0 and linked with the libraries in the Windows SDK version 3.1. CAUSE ===== This is expected behavior. The /Zr switch is designed for use with applications compiled for the MS-DOS environment. RESOLUTION ========== Do not use the /Zr switch when compiling code for the Windows environment regardless of the C compiler or Windows SDK version used. MORE INFORMATION ================ When an MS-DOS application runs, it is loaded into one contiguous block of memory. When the /Zr option is used, the compiler adds code to determine if pointers point to memory above or below this block of memory and signals an error if this condition is detected. In the Windows environment, an application is not loaded into a contiguous memory block. Also, during execution, segments may move in memory. These factors prevent the MS-DOS pointer validation method from working correctly in the Windows environment. Because the method the compiler employs when the /Zr switch is specified does not work in the Windows environment, the C run-time libraries for the Windows 3.0 environment do not define the __aseglo and __aseghi symbols which causes the Linker to generate the errors listed above. Because the C run-time libraries for Windows 3.1 define __aseglo and __aseghi, no L2029 error is generated. However, these symbols should not be used. Additional reference words: 1.00 1.50 6.00 6.00a 6.00ax 7.00 8.00 8.00c null pointer KBCategory: kbtool kbprb KBSubcategory: CLIss

Keywords : kb16bitonly
Issue type :
Technology : kbVCsearch kbAudDeveloper kbCVCComp

Last Reviewed: May 5, 2001
© 2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Terms of Use.