Microsoft KB Archive/92529
INFO: Reasons for Failure of Bitmap Functions
The information in this article applies to:
- Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit (SDK) versions 3.0, 3.1
The bitmap functions (all) can fail for several reasons. Different functions return different values to indicate failure. Read the documentation for information about each function. This article combines the causes of failure for all functions and provides a resolution or explanation. A list of affected functions follows each cause. The causes are:
- Invalid parameters.
- The device knows how to deal with a Device-Independent Bitmap (DIB). Failure within that driver, as it works on the DIB, is propagated to Graphics Device Interface (GDI).
- GDI is simulating the DIB operation. Bitmap is 64K or larger.
- A scan line (DWORD aligned) is 64K or larger.
- Insufficient global memory.
- CBM_INIT is set in the dwInit field of CreateDIBitmap. GDI is setting the bits obtained from the DIB. The simulation fails if GDI cannot create a memory-based DC (device context) and select the bitmap into it.
- The source and destination DCs represent different physical devices.
- The source rectangle extends beyond the source bitmap.
- The point lies outside of the clipping region.
- The bitmap dimensions were not set by SetBitmapDimension.
- The bitmap resource could not be found (FindResource) or loaded (LoadResource) or locked (LockResource) in memory.
- A memory DC was passed when a device DC was expected.
Cause 1: Invalid parameters.
Explanation 1: DCs, DIB headers, bitmap handles, starting scan line, and other parameters should be valid.
Affected Functions: All functions.
Cause 2: The device knows how to deal with a DIB. Failure within that driver, as it works on the DIB, is propagated to GDI.
Explanation 2: Low memory (within the device and/or global memory) and bugs are the common sources of device driver failures. For more information, search the Microsoft Knowledge Base or contact the device driver vendor.
Affected Functions: CreateDIBitmap, GetDIBits, SetBitmapBits, SetDIBits, SetDIBitsToDevice, StretchDIBits.
Cause 3: GDI is simulating the DIB operation. Bitmap is 64K or larger.
Explanation 3: GDI's simulation of GetDIBits does not support bitmaps that are 64K or larger.
Affected Functions: GetDIBits.
Cause 4: Each scan line (DWORD aligned) is 64K or larger.
Explanation 4: A scan line is one row of pixels in a bitmap.
Affected Functions: CreateBitmap, CreateCompatibleBitmap, CreateDIBitmap, CreateDiscardableBitmap.
Cause 5: Insufficient global memory.
Explanation 5: GDI needs global memory to create bitmaps and to support intermediate objects as it performs operations such as stretching, getting bits from DIBs, and setting bits in DIBs.
Affected Functions: BitBlt, CreateBitmap, CreateBitmapIndirect, CreateCompatibleBitmap, CreateDIBitmap, CreateDiscardableBitmap, GetDIBits, LoadBitmap, SetDIBits, SetDiBitsToDevice, StretchBlt, StretchDIBits.
Cause 6: CBM_INIT is set in the dwInit field of CreateDIBitmap. GDI is setting the bits obtained from the DIB. The simulation fails if GDI cannot create a memory based DC and select the bitmap into it.
Affected Functions: CreateDIBitmap.
Cause 7: The source and destination DCs represent different physical devices.
Explanation 7: The format for device-dependent bitmaps varies from one device to another. Transferring bits directly between them is not allowed.
Affected Functions: BitBlt, PatBlt, StretchBlt.
Cause 8: The source rectangle extends beyond the source bitmap.
Explanation 8: These functions operate on a rectangular area in the bitmap selected into the source DC. This rectangular area cannot extend beyond the boundaries of the bitmap.
Affected Functions: BitBlt, StretchBlt.
Cause 9: The point lies outside of the clipping region.
Resolution 9: You may get another DC for the same window. The default clipping region includes the entire visible client area.
Affected Functions: GetPixel, SetPixel.
Cause 10: The bitmap dimensions were not set by SetBitmapDimension.
Explanation 10: GetBitmapDimension retrieves the values set using SetBitmapDimension.
Affected Functions: GetBitmapDimension.
Cause 11: The bitmap resource could not be found (FindResource) or loaded (LoadResource) or locked (LockResource) in memory.
Resolution 11: Ensure that the bitmap resource exists and that the hInst parameter refers to the correct hInstance. Try increasing the number of file handles using SetHandleCount and increasing available global memory by closing some applications. For more information about the causes of failure of resource functions, query the Microsoft Knowledge Base on the following keywords:
prod(winsdk) and failure and LoadResource and FindResource and LockResource
Affected Functions: LoadBitmap, SetBitmapBits.
Cause 12: A memory DC was passed when a device DC was expected.
Explanation 12: SetDIBitsToDevice only works on device DCs.
Affected Functions: SetDIBitsToDevice.
Additional query words: 3.00 3.10 fails SetBitmapDimensionEx GetBitmapDimensionEx
Keywords : kb16bitonly kbOSWin310 _IK kbOSWin300 kbSDKWin16
Issue type : kbinfo
Technology : kbAudDeveloper kbWin3xSearch kbSDKSearch kbWinSDKSearch kbWinSDK300 kbWinSDK310
Last Reviewed: November 4, 1999