Microsoft KB Archive/58331

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Contents of Windows 3.0 WININI.TXT


The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Windows versions 3.0, 3.0a


The following information is contained in the Microsoft Windows 3.0 WININI.TXT README file. The Windows Setup program copies this file to the Windows directory.


                     WININI.TXT Online Document


WIN.INI is one of two Windows initialization files that are included
with Windows. Windows initialization files contain information that
defines your Windows environment. Windows and applications can use the
information stored in these files to configure themselves to meet your
needs and preferences.

There are two standard Windows initialization files:

* WIN.INI, which primarily contains settings that allow you to alter
  your Windows environment according to your preferences.

* SYSTEM.INI, which primarily contains settings that allow you to
  customize Windows to meet your system's hardware needs.

This document describes the contents of the WIN.INI file and how you
can alter it.

For information on the SYSTEM.INI file, see the SYSINI.TXT file.


Windows initialization files have the following format:

   [section name]

In this example, [section name] is the name of a section. Sections are
used to break settings into logical groups. The enclosing brackets
([]) are required.

The keyname=value statement defines the value of each setting. A
keyname is the name of a setting. It can consist of any combination of
letters and digits, and must be followed immediately by an equal sign
(=). A value is the setting's value. It can be an integer, a string,
or a quoted string, depending on the setting.


In this document, WIN.INI settings are listed alphabetically within
the sections that contain them. These sections are listed in the
following order:


The settings do not appear alphabetically in WIN.INI. If you want to
change a setting, you will have to search for it within the
appropriate section.

The syntax, purpose, and recommended method for changing each setting
appears in the following format:


Purpose:   This paragraph briefly describes the function of the setting
           and its default value (if applicable).

To change: This sentence states the recommended method for changing
           the value of this setting.

The <value-type> indicates whether the value should be a number, a
letter, a range of numbers, or something else.


Windows created the WIN.INI file when you installed Windows. All of
the settings contained in these files were set to default values
defined by Windows.

You may want to change one or more of these values in order to change
the appearance or performance of Windows to suit your needs.

There are two ways to change WIN.INI settings:

* You can use Control Panel to change most settings.

* Use a text editor such as Notepad to directly edit the files.

Most settings in WIN.INI can be changed by using Control Panel. This
method allows you to avoid opening these files as text files, where it
is easier to make mistakes.

For more information on Control Panel, see Chapter 5, "Control Panel,"
in the User's Guide.

Some changes cannot be made using Control Panel. For these changes,
you must open the WIN.INI file and edit it using a text editor, such
as Notepad. For more information on how to use Notepad, see Chapter
10, "Additional Accessories," in the User's Guide.

CAUTION: You should use care when making changes to your WIN.INI file
using a text editor. Incorrect changes to WIN.INI can lead to
unexpected results when you run Windows. The listings in this document
indicate which settings can be changed using Control Panel. Use this
method whenever possible.


If you update your system to Windows Version 3.00 from Windows
Versions 2.x, Setup will automatically update your WIN.INI file by
making the following changes:

In the [windows] section, Setup will add one setting


and will unset another setting:


In the [extensions] section, Setup will add two settings:

   pcx=pbrush.exe ^.pcx
   rec=recorder.exe ^.rec

In the [devices] section, Setup will remove all entries. The previous
drivers, fonts and other resources will remain in your system. But,
Setup will ask you whether you want to upgrade to the new driver or
stay with the previous one.

All other sections are left unchanged.

If you are updating to Windows Version 3.00 from Windows Versions 1.x,
your WIN.INI file will not be automatically updated.


The settings in the WIN.INI file allow you to personalize your Windows
environment. WIN.INI contains several sections, each of which consists
of a group of related settings. Your WIN.INI file may not have all of
these sections, or it might have additional sections. This depends on
your system's hardware and software requirements. The following
sections can appear in WIN.INI:

This Section               Does This
------------               ---------

[windows]                  Affects an assortment of elements in your
                           Windows environment.

[desktop]                  Controls the appearance of the screen
                           background (desktop) and the positioning of
                           windows and icons.

[extensions]               Associates specified types of files with
                           corresponding applications.

[ports]                    Lists all available communications ports.

[fonts]                    Describes the font files that are loaded by

[colors]                   Defines colors for parts of the Windows

[intl]                     Describes how to display items for
                           countries other than the United States.

[PrinterPorts]             Lists active and inactive output devices
                           that can be accessed by Windows.

[devices]                  Lists active output devices that can be
                           accessed by Windows. 

Additional query words: 3.00 3.0 3.0a 3.00a win30

Keywords :
Issue type :
Technology : kbWin3xSearch kbWin300 kbWin300a

Last Reviewed: October 23, 1999
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