Microsoft KB Archive/51598
Error 137 “Illegal device … not mass storage”; COBOL 3.00
PSS ID Number: Q51598 Article last modified on 12-19-1989
3.00 3.00a | 3.00 3.00a MS-DOS | OS/2
Summary: The program shown below gives run-time error 137, which needs to be added to Chapter 4 of the “Microsoft COBOL Compiler 3.0: Error Messages Manual” for Versions 3.00 and 3.00a. This error means “Illegal device specification - not mass storage.” This information applies to Microsoft COBOL Versions 3.00 and 3.00a for MS-DOS and MS OS/2.
More Information: The following program, TEST.COB, when compiled and run produces run-time error 137. This error occurs because a file that is assigned to PRINTER is opened for I/O (I/O stands for input/output) and input cannot come from a PRINTER device. A file that is opened for I/O must be a mass storage device. Run-time error 137 is documented as follows in the “Micro Focus COBOL/2: Error Messages” manual, which was included with the Micro Focus product: 137 Open mode not supported for this file * You are trying to open a device in an illegal mode; for example, opening a printer for input. * Either the assignment of a file name is incorrect, or your program needs to be changed.
$SET ANS85 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION. PROGRAM-ID. TestProgram. * * Example: File status * ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. INPUT-OUTPUT SECTION. FILE-CONTROL. SELECT TestFile ASSIGN TO DISK. SELECT Prt-File ASSIGN TO PRINTER. DATA DIVISION. FILE SECTION. FD TestFile VALUE OF FILE-ID IS "MyInFile.dat". 01 MyString PIC X. FD Prt-File. 01 Print-String PIC X. PROCEDURE DIVISION. MyOpen. OPEN I-O TestFile Prt-File. CLOSE TestFile. CLOSE Prt-File. STOP RUN.
Compile and link as follows: COBOL TEST.COB; LINK TEST; If the program is compiled with the /ANIM compiler directive and executed in the animator, the error message “Illegal device specification - not mass storage” will be displayed. To correct this problem, break the OPEN statement into two statements, and open the PRINTER file for output only, as follows: OPEN I-O TestFile. OPEN OUTPUT Prt-File.
Copyright Microsoft Corporation 1989.