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Microsoft KB Archive/38894

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LC-LINK.DOC Disk File from COBOL 3.0 and 3.0a

PSS ID Number: Q38894 Article last modified on 04-20-1993

3.00 3.00a | 3.00 3.00a MS-DOS | OS/2

The information in this article applies to:
- Microsoft COBOL for MS-DOS and OS/2, versions 3.0 and 3.0a

Summary: The entire LC-LINK.DOC file is copied below. It was taken from the Microsoft COBOL Version 3.0 (or 3.0a) disk. This file is the same in both Versions 3.0 and 3.0a of the COBOL Compiler.

More Information:

Calling non COBOL objects from COBOL objects

This text file describes how to create, link and run programs containing COBOL objects which call non COBOL objects. To call a non COBOL routine from COBOL, in the CALL statement prefix the name of the routine with “x_”, where x should be a letter as follows :- L - for a routine in Lattice C The compiler will remove the “x_” from the name, and set up necessary registers and parameter ordering for the relevant non COBOL environment. On return from the routine, returned values will be handled correctly. So, for example, the following COBOL statement should be used to call the Lattice C routine “fun1”. CALL “C_fun1” USING p1, p2, p3. Compile your COBOL program as follows COBOL <filename> VSC2 RTNCODE-SIZE(4) LITLINK Compiling of the non COBOL objects, and the subsequent linking with the COBOL objects, is different for each type. In every case it is necessary to link in an additional object which will be used to establish the environment for the non COBOL object prior to entering that object.

Lattice C

Your Lattice C objects must be compiled with the option -mL (large model) as linking to large module Lattice C routines only is supported at present. Prior to linking, create the file LINITC.OBJ in your working directory by copying either LINITC31.OBJ or LINITC32.OBJ to it, depending on whether you are using Lattice C v3.1x or v3.2x. Also, copy the file LINITIO.OBJ into your working directory. Link your COBOL and C objects/libraries as follows LINK COBOL_objects+LINITC+LINITIO+C_objects,,,LCOBOL+LC+C_libraries/m; Note: the library LC.LIB is supplied with your copy of Lattice C. Before running your program, you may wish to allocate a memory pool for the C routines. If no pool is specified 64k will be allocated, but if you wish to specify a smaller/larger pool size set up the environment variable “POOL” containing the size of the pool you wish allocated (in 1024 byte blocks). Running the program To run your program, just type the name of the first COBOL object linked and your program will start to execute. Lattice is a registered trademark of Lattice Inc.

Additonal reference words: 3.00 3.00a Copyright Microsoft Corporation 1993.