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Microsoft KB Archive/36656

From BetaArchive Wiki

XL: Adjusting the Period of Financial Functions

The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh, versions 1.x, 2.2, 3.0, 4.0, 5.x
  • Microsoft Excel for Windows, versions 3.x, 4.x, 5.x
  • Microsoft Excel for Windows, versions 7.0, 7.0a
  • Microsoft Excel 97 for Windows


The compounded period used by Microsoft Excel in calculating financial functions can be altered by changing the number of periods over which the function is calculated; for example, a four-year loan compounded monthly will have 48 periods (four years times 12 months). The rate should be entered as the rate for each period.

To calculate a 9 percent annual interest rate, compounded monthly, enter the monthly interest rate, which in this example is .75 percent (9 percent divided by 12 months).

As an example, when you calculate the future value of $10,000 four years from now at an annual interest rate of 9 percent, Microsoft Excel returns the following results:

   Compounded Period     Formula                      Result
   -----------------     -------                      ------

   yearly                =FV(9%,4,,-10000)            $14,115.82
   quarterly             =FV(9%/4,4*4,,-10000)        $14,276.21
   monthly               =FV(9%/12,4*12,,-10000)      $14,314
   daily                 =FV(9%/365,4*365,,-10000)    $14,332.66 


This information regarding the number of periods is true for all of the financial functions that take a percentage rate as an argument. The following is a list of the functions:

Any ver. of Microsoft Excel    Microsoft Excel ver. 1.5 and later
---------------------------    ----------------------------------

       FV()                               IPMT()
       IRR()                              PPMT()

Additional query words: 1.00 1.03 1.04 1.06 1.50 2.20 4.00

Keywords :
Version : MACINTOSH:1.x,2.2,3.0,4.0,5.x; WINDOWS:3.x,4.x,5.x,97; Win95:7.0,7.0a
Issue type :
Technology :

Last Reviewed: April 18, 2000
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