Microsoft KB Archive/255695
Article ID: 255695
Article Last Modified on 10/28/2006
- Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Service Pack 1
- Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Service Pack 2
- Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Service Pack 3
This article was previously published under Q255695
In Exchange Server 5.5 Service Pack 1 and later, routing restrictions are added to the Internet Mail Service to provide extra security. The Routing tab of the Internet Mail Service contains the two following options to route mail:
- Reroute incoming SMTP mail (Required for POP3/IMAP4 Support)
- Do not reroute incoming SMTP mail
If you select the Do not reroute incoming SMTP mail option, you disable the ability to reroute mail for Post Office Protocol version 3 (POP3) and Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4rev1 (IMAP4) support, but you do not stop intruders who litter large numbers of e-mail boxes with unwanted messages (spam e-mail) or cause heavy processing time on your server.
When the Do not reroute incoming SMTP mail option is set, intruders can relay a message off your Internet Mail Service, because the Internet Mail Service processes the entire message. The message is sent to the recipient that is addressed in the MAIL FROM field. This allows intruders to cause heavy processing time on your server with spam e-mail, and to actually deliver messages in the non-delivery report (NDR) format to the intended recipient.
To stop intruders from spamming and relaying off your server, select the Reroute incoming SMTP mail (Required for POP3/IMAP4 Support) option. On the Routing tab, set routing restrictions; click to select the Hosts and clients that successfully authenticate check box. You need to restart the Internet Mail Service for this change to take effect.
This stops all intruders from relaying and spamming messages from your server, which uses processing time on your server. With this setting enabled, intruders receive a "relaying is prohibited" response if the RCPT TO field is addressed to an outside recipient.
NOTE: After you install Service Pack 1, routing restriction settings are activated through the registry. For additional information about the settings for these registry entries, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
193922 XFOR: Preventing the Internet Mail Service From Relaying Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail Messages
In Exchange Server 5.5 Service Pack 2 and later, routing restriction settings are built into the connector, on the Routing tab of the Internet Mail Service.
There is often confusion about the differences between routing and relaying:
- Routing. Routing mail is the equivalent of delivering a message to recipients that exist in the local directory. With routing restrictions enabled, all messages are still "routed." Mail is delivered to users that exist in the directory from any sender.
- Relaying. Relaying mail is bouncing a message to any particular recipient that does not exist locally on that server. If a message is relayed, the server delivers that message to the recipient if the user is not in the local directory.
Additional query words: relay junk spam uce unsolicited commercial e-mail e-mailer open
Keywords: kbinfo KB255695