Microsoft KB Archive/250776
Article ID: 250776
Article Last Modified on 3/27/2007
- Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
- Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
- Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
This article was previously published under Q250776
Windows 2000 Terminal Services provides increased functionality for Windows 2000 domain environments, and affects all aspects of the domain environment. This article describes the affected areas, and provides links to Microsoft Knowledge Base articles that contain specific troubleshooting steps for those areas.
You can install Terminal Services for Windows 2000 during Windows 2000 Setup, or at any time thereafter. Windows 2000 server administrators can enable or disable Terminal Services by using the Add/Remove Programs tool in Control Panel. For more information about how to install Terminal Services, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
222992 Windows 2000 Terminal Services toggle functionality
Installing Terminal Services on a Domain Controller
When you enable Log on Locally on a domain controller that is running Terminal Services, this feature is also enabled at the console of all domain controllers for this domain, and can be accessed by all Terminal Services clients. Log on Locally is described later in this article in the User Rights section.
Installing Terminal Services on a Member Server
Windows 2000 Terminal Services is designed to run a variety of Microsoft BackOffice programs. The following modes are available in Terminal Services:
Application Server Mode
- Users are able to connect to the Terminal Server, and functionality is similar to Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server.
- Requires Terminal Server Client Access Licenses (CALs).
- Citrix MetaFrame can be installed for user connections by Independent Computing Architecture (ICA) clients.
Remote Administration Mode
This mode permits administrators to remotely administer a Terminal Server through a session.
- Two concurrent connections are available for server administration, and Terminal Services clients are unable to run programs.
- Citrix MetaFrame is not feature complete.
For more information about Terminal Services modes, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
243212 Determining the mode of a Terminal Services server
For more information about changing Terminal Services modes, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
238162 Change between Remote Administration and Application Server mode
For information about how to use Terminal Services for remote administration of the Windows 2000 Server family, view the following Microsoft Web site:
For more information about how to add Server Operators to the list of available logons, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
253831 Remote administration of Terminal Services by non-Administrators accounts
NOTE: By default, only the administrators group has remote administration permissions. For more information about the performance impact of remote administration, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
243213 Impact of running Remote Administration on a Terminal Server
For more information about installing MetaFrame in remote administration mode, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
238353 MetaFrame 1.8 installs on a Remote Administration Mode terminal
NOTE: Remote administration mode only permits two concurrent connections and does not permit a Terminal Server to go into Install mode for program installation.
Active Directory Users and Computers
Terminal Server Profile Path
Used for profiles while in Terminal Server Edition (TSE), and for non-TSE profiles.
Terminal Server Home Folder
Home folders are used to store user data in a multiple-user environment. Local profiles are created in the x:\Documents and Settings\Username folder on the Terminal server, where Username is the user logon name.
It is not recommended for Clustered Terminal Services by Network Load Balancing or with Citrix MetaFrame add-on, which is described later in this article. This can also fill up the small system partition and not utilize the large data partitions.
Terminal Server Profile Path is used for roaming profiles only while in TSE, and also works for clustered Terminal Server. You can select a server to house roaming profiles that can be accessed by any Terminal Server.
User Profile Path and Terminal Server Profile Path
User Profile Path
- Available for both Terminal Server and Windows NT Server.
- Available for Windows 2000 Professional desktops that have the same desktop settings whether they are using a Terminal Services session or a Windows 2000 Server and domain logon.
Terminal Server Profile Path
- The roaming profile is for Terminal Services use only.
- Works for Microsoft Windows 95 and Microsoft Windows 98 clients, or other desktops that need a roaming profile that stores their virtual Windows 2000 Professional user settings.
For more information about roaming profiles, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
243535 Terminal Services client roaming profile is overwritten
Home folders store user data in a multiple-user environment.
Terminal Server Home Folder
System Policies: Local TSE and Domain Policies
- Local policies are applied when you work on that Terminal Server only.
- Domain policies are applied whenever the user logs on, and they are stored in the SYSVOL share on the Windows 2000 domain controllers.
Terminal Services Configuration
This is the system-wide user interface settings for RDP-TCP or ICA-TCP by using the Permissions tab, and it can override Connection Permissions settings in User Manager for Domains. This is often overlooked due to the standard Windows NT Server troubleshooting on the User Manager for Domains tool.
"Access this Computer from Network" is needed to access the Server outside of Terminal Server sessions for file and print sharing.
For more information about the Log on Locally feature, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
247989 Terminal Server clients cannot log on to domain controller
234237 Assign "Log on locally" rights to Windows 2000 domain controller
Terminal Server Licensing
License Manager tracks domain licenses and other Windows 2000 servers.
Terminal Server Licensing Service
If this is not completed, you may have profile issues. If no licenses are available, the user is able to log into the domain but does not load TSE local profiles.
For information about Microsoft Windows 2000 Terminal Services Licensing, view the following Microsoft Web sites:
For more information about activating a license server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
237811 Activating a Terminal Services license server over the Internet
237801 Windows 2000 Terminal Services requires licensing service
For additional information about locating an activated license server, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
239107 Establishing Preferred Terminal Services License Server
232520 Description of Terminal Services License Server Discovery
For more information about license management for Terminal Services, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
244749 Licenses required when using Terminal Services client software
248430 How to transfer TS CAL from one computer to another
For more information about upgrading from Windows 2000 Terminal Services Beta, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
248409 Terminal Services licensing problems after upgrade to release version of Windows 2000
248650 Windows 2000 Evaluation Version and Terminal Services licensing
Terminal Services Licensing Tool
- An existing Windows 2000 license is used for client desktops that are running Windows 2000.
- Temporary licenses for Windows 2000 Terminal Services Client Access License is used for clients that do not have a license, and grants them 90 days access while licenses are being purchased for non-Windows 2000-based desktop clients.
- Temporary licenses for Windows 2000 license is used for clients that do not have a license, and grants them 90 days access while licenses are being purchased for Windows 2000-based client computers.
- Windows 2000 Terminal Services Client Access License is used for non-Windows 2000-based desktop clients.
Citrix MetaFrame Add-on Product
Citrix MetaFrame version 1.8 for Windows 2000 Server is the next generation from MetaFrame version 1.8 thin-client solutions for Windows NT 4.0 Server, Terminal Server Edition.
- Server Clustering for Load Balancing of the Terminal Servers.
- Installs over Terminal Server.
- Citrix Licensing Services can be used as well as Terminal Server License Manager.
- Published programs for users to find and then start.
For more information about Citrix MetaFrame, view the following Citrix Web site:
Terminal Services Client Options
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is the Microsoft client program that permits connections to Terminal Services with or without Citrix MetaFrame.
Windows 2000 Server, Windows 2000 Professional, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Workstation, Microsoft Windows 95, Microsoft Windows 98, Microsoft Windows 3.x, HP/C clients for Windows CE, and Windows Based Terminals (WBT) with Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) embedded.
- Remote control of a session.
- Remote printer attachment.
- Client clipboard redirector.
Independent Computing Architecture (ICA)
Citrixs client program for Terminal Server with Citrix MetaFrame
Clients: Microsoft Windows RDP clients, Macintosh, Unix, Novell, OS/2, Linux, Microsoft Windows CE, Windows Based Terminals (WBT) with ICA embedded.
- Support for several client platforms.
- Remote printer attachment.
- Sound through the channel.
- Remote HDD attachment.
Terminal Services Tools
Included with Windows 2000 Server
For more information about these tools, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
240444 Useful Terminal Services Resource Kit utilities
243202 Windows 2000 Terminal Services session management tools
Benefits of Using Terminal Services
- You can use older hardware to run 32-bit programs.
- Efficient management on the server.
- Roaming profiles are easily managed.
- Efficient license management.
- Ease of remote administration.
For additional information about Terminal Services, view the following Microsoft Web sites:
For more information about issues in a domain environment, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
245607 Terminal Server Edition issues in a domain environment
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