Microsoft KB Archive/246084
Article ID: 246084
Article Last Modified on 11/1/2006
- Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
This article was previously published under Q246084
Dr. Watson for Windows NT is a program error debugger that detects and diagnoses program errors, and then logs the resulting diagnostic information. In the event of a program error, Dr. Watson starts automatically and, if configured appropriately, creates User.dmp and DrWtsn32.log files. These files are located in the %SystemRoot% folder. The DrWtsn32.log file is appended each time a program error occurs; the User.dmp file is overwritten.
This article describes how to review the DrWtsn32.log file to identify the program that crashed, when the crash occurred, the assembly instruction where the crash occurred, and a listing of functions involved in the crash.
The accuracy of the data in the DrWtsn32.log file depends on the correct symbols for the program on your computer being installed in the %SystemRoot%\Symbols folder at the time of the crash. If the correct symbols are installed, the DrWtsn32.log file contains sufficient information to determine the function that caused the crash. You can then use this information to search the Microsoft Knowledge Base for known issues regarding the function. If symbols are not installed, or incorrect symbols are installed, the data in the DrWtsn32.log file is limited to identifying the program that crashed and when the crash occurred. Whether the correct symbols are installed is dependent on the server administrator's maintenance of the symbol files. After symbol files are installed on the server, the server administrator must update the symbol files each time a service pack or hotfix is installed on the server.
Because the DrWtsn32.log file is appended for each crash, the last crash information is located at the bottom of the log. To locate information in the DrWtsn32.log file:
- Open the DrWtsn32.log file in Notepad.exe.
- Scroll to the bottom of the file.
- Click in the last line in the file.
- On the Search menu, click Find.
- In the Find dialog box, type fault ->.
- In the Direction area, click Up.
- Click OK. Notepad finds the last fault that occurred and the assembly instruction that did not succeed.
NOTE: The accuracy of the DrWtsn32.log file is dependent on the correct symbols being installed on the server at the time of the crash.
Function: FIDL::EcAddFids -- Function where the fault occurred 0040cf31 e89b74ffff call ExchMHeapReAlloc (004043d1) 0040cf36 85c0 test eax,eax 0040cf38 0f8454580b00 je FIDL::EcAddFids_44s_185on_23230069s_971e (004c2792) 0040cf3e 8b13 mov edx,[ebx] ds:0715f4f0=00000000 0040cf40 8b742418 mov esi,[esp+0x18] ss:082cde7b=??? 0040cf44 8d0ced00000000 ds:0000c401=???????? 0040cf4b 894304 mov [ebx+0x4],eax ds:082cdef6=???????? 0040cf4e 8d3cd0 lea edi,[eax+edx*8] ds:00000000=???????? 0040cf51 8bc1 mov eax,ecx 0040cf53 c1e902 shr ecx,0x2 FAULT ->0040cf56 f3a5 rep movsd ds:00000000=??? es:074238a8=00000000 0040cf58 8bc8 mov ecx,eax 0040cf5a 83e103 and ecx,0x3 0040cf5d f3a4 rep movsb ds:00000000=?? es:074238a8=00 0040cf5f 012b add [ebx],ebp ds:0715f4f0=00000000 0040cf61 ebbc jmp FIDL::EcAddFids+0x13 (0040cf1f) 0040cf63 e8234dffff call ExchMHeapAlloc (00401c8b) 0040cf68 ebcc jmp FIDL::EcAddFids+0x2a (0040cf36)
After you identify the function, you can search the Microsoft Knowledge Base to determine if the crash is a known issue and if a possible fix is available. Below the assembly instructions, the "Stack Back Trace" section lists the functions leading to the crash. The "Stack Back Trace" section can provide a general code path describing what occurred leading to the unsuccessful function. The top function is where the fault occurred.
-----Stack Back Trace------ FramePtr ReturnAd Param#1 Param#2 Param#3 Param#4 Function Name 0715f480 005eb60a 0000c401 00000000 0715f59c 00000000 store!FIDL::EcAddFids [omap] (FPO: [EBP 0x0000c401] [2,0,4]) 0715f494 0059d4d4 00000000 00062008 103d0003 0715f59c store!PRFE::EcSetPostReply [omap] (FPO: [2,0,2]) 0715f4fc 004c4f4e 0715f59c 0715f558 00000000 0740eee0 store!STREAM::EcConfig [omap] (FPO: [EBP0x103d0003] [2,19,4]) 0715f564 00439407 00000004 0715f59c 07419510 00000000 store!OMSG::EcSetOneProp_2135_221c_96069s_971e [omap] (FPO: [EBP 0x00000000] [2,19,4]) 0715f600 0063fc78 000004e4 00000028 07423338 0715f648 store!CVTOMSG::HrSetProps [omap] (FPO: [EBP0x07419510] [3,32,4])
After you locate the fault, you can identify the program that crashed, the Process ID (PID), date, and time of the crash:
- On the Search menu, click Find.
- In the Find dialog box, app.
- In the Direction area, click Up.
- Click OK. The search results display the program, PID, time, and date of the crash.
Application exception occurred: App: exe\store.dbg (pid=304) When: 11/11/1999 @ 9:23:32.640 Exception number: c0000005 (access violation)
The date and time of the crash should match the date and time of the User.dmp file because both files are written when the crash occurs.
If symbols are not installed on the server when the crash occurs, the following information is displayed when you search for the fault. Notice the string "function: (nosymbols)." This indicates that the Dr. Watson process could not locate the symbols in the %SystemRoot%\Symbols folder:
function: (nosymbols) ----With no symbols installed 0040cf31 e89b74ffff call 004043d1 0040cf36 85c0 test eax,eax 0040cf38 0f8454580b00 je 004c2792 0040cf3e 8b13 mov edx,[ebx] ds:06a5f4f0=00000000 0040cf40 8b742418 mov esi,[esp+0x18] ss:07bcde7b=???????? 0040cf44 8d0ced00000000 lea ecx,[00000000+ebp*8] ds:0000c401=???????? 0040cf4b 894304 mov [ebx+0x4],eax ds:07bcdef6=???????? 0040cf4e 8d3cd0 lea edi,[eax+edx*8] ds:00000000=???????? 0040cf51 8bc1 mov eax,ecx 0040cf53 c1e902 shr ecx,0x2 FAULT ->0040cf56 f3a5 rep movsd ds:00000000=???????? es:074238e0=00000000 0040cf58 8bc8 mov ecx,eax 0040cf5a 83e103 and ecx,0x3 0040cf5d f3a4 rep movsb ds:00000000=?? es:074238e0=00 0040cf5f 012b add [ebx],ebp ds:06a5f4f0=00000000 0040cf61 ebbc jmp 0040cf1f 0040cf63 e8234dffff call 00401c8b 0040cf68 ebcc jmp 0040cf36 0040cf6a 53 push ebx 0040cf6b 8b1da8114000 mov ebx,[004011a8] ds:004011a8=77f674c0 0040cf71 56 push esi 0040cf72 8bf1 mov esi,ecx ---- Stack Back Trace ---- FramePtr ReturnAd Param#1 Param#2 Param#3 Param#4 Function Name 0000c401 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 store!(nosymbols)
Searching upwards for the program:
Application exception occurred: App: exe\store.dbg (pid=311) When: 11/11/1999 @ 10:11:1.875 Exception number: c0000005 (access violation)
You can review the DrWtsn32.log file to identify third-party software crashes. Because few software manufacturers make their symbols publicly available, the data is usually limited to the program name, date, and time. When you locate the fault, the fault location may also display "(nosymbols)."
Application exception occurred: App: (pid=344) When: 6/29/1999 @ 16:46:44.728 Exception number: c0000005 (access violation) 209 ntpd.exe 385 XlntNetS.exe 429 CMD.exe 344 XlntNetS.exe -----PID=344, This app crashed 591 XlntCli.exe 571 DRWTSN32.exe
You can also review the DrWtsn32.log file to determine the number of times a crash occurred by continuing to search upwards for the string "fault" or "app."
Additional query words: Dr. Watson program error
Keywords: kbinfo KB246084