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Microsoft KB Archive/175488

From BetaArchive Wiki

Article ID: 175488

Article Last Modified on 7/15/2004



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition



This article was previously published under Q175488

SYMPTOMS

If you have a Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit client that early-binds to a Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit server and you replace the Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit server with a binary-compatible Visual Basic 5.0 or 6.0 32-bit server, you receive the following message when you try to run the client:

"Run-time error '-2147319784 (80028018)' OLE Automation error"

CAUSE

A Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit client can make use of the services of a Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit local server (EXE OLE Server) with both early- and late- binding. However, a Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit client can only late-bind to a Visual Basic 5.0 or 6.0 32-bit server (ActiveX EXE).

The type library of the Visual Basic 5.0 or 6.0 32-bit server does not appear in the references list of the Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit design environment.

This also applies if you are upgrading a Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit local server to a Visual Basic 5.0 or 6.0 ActiveX EXE and your server is going to be used by a Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit client. You will have to use late- binding in the Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit application. This is true even if you simply recompile the project in Visual Basic 5.0 or 6.0 and set the component to be binary compatible to the existing Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit component.

RESOLUTION

Use late binding with CreateObject as shown below.

MORE INFORMATION

Step-by-Step Example

  1. Start 32-bit Visual Basic 4.0.
  2. Remove Form1 and insert a module (Module1) and a class module (Class1).
  3. Add the procedure Sub Main() to Module1.
  4. Set Class1's Name property to CServer, Instancing property to 2- Creatable MultiUse and Public property to True.
  5. On the Tools menu, click Options. In the Options dialog box, select the Project tab. Change Project Name to Server32, set StartMode to OLE Server, and enter an Application Description of "32-Bit Visual Basic Server."
  6. Paste the following code into the General Declarations section of the CServer (formerly Class1) class module:

           Private mName As String
    
           Private Sub Class_Initialize()
              mName = "Default name"
           End Sub
           Public Property Get sName() As String
              sName = mName
           End Property
           Public Property Let sName(vNewValue As String)
              mName = vNewValue
           End Property
    
                            
  7. Save the BAS module as Server32M.bas, the class module as Server32C.cls, and the project as Server32.vbp, and then compile the project as Server32.exe.
  8. Exit Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit.
  9. Start 16-bit Visual Basic 4.0.
  10. On the Tools menu, click References and then check 32-Bit Visual Basic Server. You may have to use the Browse button to add Server32.exe to the references list.
  11. Add the controls listed in the table below to your form (Form1). Change the name property of these controls to the value listed in the Updated Name column and change the caption property of those controls to the value listed in the Updated Caption column.

           Control Type   Default Name   Updated Name  Updated Caption
           -----------------------------------------------------------------
           TextBox        Text1          txtEarly
           TextBox        Text2          txtLate
           Label          Label1                       lblEarly
           Label          Label2                       lblLate
           CommandButton  Command1       cmdEarly      Change Early's Name
           CommandButton  Command2       cmdLate       Change Late's Name
    
                            
  12. Change Form1's Name property to frmTest.
  13. Paste the following code into the General Declarations section of frmTest (formerly Form1):

           Dim LateObj As Object
           Dim EarlyObj As New Server32.CServer
    
           Private Sub cmdLate_Click()
              On Error GoTo LateErrHandler:
              With LateObj
                 .sName = txtLate
                 lblLate = .sName
              End With
              Exit Sub
           LateErrHandler:
              MsgBox Err.Number & "  " & Err.Description
           End Sub
           Private Sub cmdEarly_Click()
              On Error GoTo EarlyErrHandler:
              With EarlyObj
                 .sName = txtEarly
                 lblEarly = .sName
              End With
              Exit Sub
           EarlyErrHandler:
              MsgBox Err.Number & "  " & Err.Description
           End Sub
           Private Sub Form_Load()
              On Error GoTo LoadErrHandler:
              Set LateObj = CreateObject("server32.CServer")
              lblEarly.Caption = EarlyObj.sName
              Exit Sub
           LoadErrHandler:
              MsgBox Err.Number & "  " & Err.Description
           End Sub
    
                            
  14. Test and then save the form as Client16.frm and the project as Client16.vbp.
  15. Compile the project as Client16.exe and then exit Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit. Run Client16.exe and verify that both the early and late buttons work correctly.
  16. Copy Server32.exe to Server32B.exe (the backup copy) and copy the Server32 project files to a new (backup) directory.
  17. Open the original Server32 project in 32-bit Visual Basic 4.0.
  18. Select the Options menu item from the Tools menu, and on the resulting Options dialog, select the Project tab. Under Compatible OLE Server, use the ellipsis button ("...") to select Server32B.exe (the backup copy of Server32.exe).
  19. Recompile the project, making sure it over-writes the original copy of Server32.exe, and then exit Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit.
  20. Run Client16.exe. It should still work if you have followed these steps correctly.
  21. Using Visual Basic 5.0 or 6.0, recompile the Server32 project into Server32.exe and make sure it over-writes the original copy of Server32.exe.
  22. Run Client16.exe.

RESULT: You should receive one of the following error messages:

Error 429, 429 OLE Automation server can't create object

-2147319784 OLE Automation Error


After clearing the error message box, click the "Change Early's Name" button (early-bound to server) which should produce the same error. Clicking on the "Change Late's Name" button (late-bound to server) should work.

Keywords: kberrmsg kbprb KB175488