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Microsoft KB Archive/175179

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Knowledge Base

SAMPLE: VBFTP.EXE: Implementing FTP Using WinInet API from VB

Article ID: 175179

Article Last Modified on 8/5/2004


  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Internet Services (WinInet)

This article was previously published under Q175179


VBFTP.EXE is a sample that implements FTP connection, download, and upload using the WinInet FTP API from Visual Basic. It demonstrates the APIs and techniques to set FTP connection attributes and transfer mode that are not exposed inthe MS Internet Transfer Control.

The sample requires Visual Basic 5 Service Pack 2 or later or Visual Studio Service Pack 2 installed to run because it uses the updated comctl32.ocx from those Service Packs.


The following file is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:

Release Date: August 15, 2000

For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

119591 How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services

Microsoft scanned this file for viruses. Microsoft used the most current virus-detection software that was available on the date that the file was posted. The file is stored on security-enhanced servers that help to prevent any unauthorized changes to the file. When adding FTP functionality to your application, it is important to understand the capability and limitation of each of the different Internet technologies. At the lowest level, you could use the Microsoft Winsock Control to send commands directly to FTP server port 21. The sequence and syntax of the commands you send to the server would have to follow the specification of the FTP protocol. The WinInet FTP API wraps the socket code and most low-level FTP commands and provides a set of much simpler task-oriented APIs that do not require detailed knowledge of FTP protocol. However, there is a chance that some FTP servers use FTP commands not implemented by WinInet. If this happens, you have to use the Microsoft Winsock Control to communicate with the server directly at the protocol level. Test your FTP server with the VBFTPJR sample before you decide whether to choose WinInet API or the Winsock Control. The Microsoft Internet Transfer Control, on the other hand, offers a more simplified interface than WinInet but offers less flexibility and cannot be used if you want to customize the connection and transfer mode.

If you are using a proxy to access an FTP server, the proxy has to be capable of handling FTP commands and cannot be a CERN proxy. Please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base for more information:

166961 : HOWTO: FTP with CERN-Based Proxy Using WinInet API

Additional query words: VBFTP

Keywords: kbhowto kbdownload kbftp kbapi kbinetdev kbfile kbsample KB175179