Microsoft KB Archive/173975

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Article ID: 173975

Article Last Modified on 1/20/2007


  • Microsoft Access 97 Standard Edition

This article was previously published under Q173975

Moderate: Requires basic macro, coding, and interoperability skills.


When you perform a search and replace in a Memo field containing more than 2052 characters, you receive one of the following error messages.

In Microsoft Windows 95

This program has performed an illegal operation and will be shut down.

If you click the Details button, you see the following information:

   MSACCESS caused an invalid page fault in MSACCESS.EXE.

In Microsoft Windows NT

   An application error has occurred and an application error log is
   being generated. MSACCESS.exe

This article assumes that you are familiar with Visual Basic for Applications and with creating Microsoft Access applications using the programming tools provided with Microsoft Access. For more information about Visual Basic for Applications, please refer to the "Building Applications with Microsoft Access 97" manual.


The following example uses an update query that calls a user-defined function to do the search and replace:

  1. Create a module and type the following line in the Declarations section if it is not already there:

          Option Explicit
  2. Type the following procedure:

        Function ReplaceString(strSearch As String, strSearchFor As String, _
           strReplaceWith As String)
        On Error GoTo err_ReplaceString
            ' Searches the strSearch variable for strSearchFor
            ' and replaces it with strReplaceWith.
            Dim lngFoundLoc As Long    ' Location of match.
            Dim lngLenRemove As Long   ' Length of string being replaced.
            ' Set length of original text to skip.
            lngLenRemove = Len(strSearchFor)
            ' Set location of match.
            lngFoundLoc = InStr(1, strSearch, strSearchFor)
            ' If strSearchFor isn't found in strSearch
            ' just return the original string.
            If lngFoundLoc = 0 Then
                ReplaceString = strSearch
            ' If match is found, return original string up to match
            ' location, concatenate new text, and search the rest of
            ' the string recursively for additional matches.
                ReplaceString = Left(strSearch, lngFoundLoc - 1) & _
                    strReplaceWith & _
                    ReplaceString(Mid(strSearch, lngFoundLoc + _
                    lngLenRemove), strSearchFor, strReplaceWith)
            End If
            Exit Function
        ' Print error to Debug window and don't interrupt query.
            Debug.Print "Error Replacing String """ & _
                strSearchFor & """ with """ & _
                strReplaceWith & """ in text """ & _
                strSearch & """"
            ' If there is an error, return original string
            ' and exit the function.
            ReplaceString = strSearch
            Resume exit_ReplaceString
        End Function
  3. On the Debug menu, click "Compile and Save All Modules."
  4. Create a new query and add the table containing the Memo field:

          Query: qryUpdateMemos
          Type: Update Query
          Field: <Name of Memo Field>
             Table: <Name of Table>
             Update To:
              ReplaceString([<Name of Memo Field>],[Search for],[Replace with])
          Field: Instr(1,[<Name of Memo Field>], [Search for])
             Update To:
             Criteria: >0
  5. On the Query menu, click Parameters.
  6. On the first line of the grid, type [Search for] in the Parameter field, and select Text from the Data Type box.
  7. On the second line of the grid, type [Replace With] in the Parameter field, and select Text from the Data Type box.
  8. Run the query. Enter the text to search for and the text to replace with when prompted.


Microsoft has confirmed this to be a problem in Microsoft Access 97.


Steps to Reproduce Problem

  1. Start Microsoft Access and open a new blank database.
  2. Create the following table:

          Table: tblMemoTable
          Field Name: MemoText
             Data Type: Memo
             Indexed: No

    Close the table and save it as tblMemoTable. When prompted if you want to create a primary key, click No.

  3. Create a new module and type the following procedure:

          Function FillMemo(strTableName As String, _
             strFieldName As String)
             Dim db As Database
             Dim rs As Recordset
             On Error GoTo Err_FillMemo
             Set db = CurrentDb
             Set rs = db.OpenRecordset(strTableName)
             With rs
                .Fields(strFieldName) = "abc" & String(2050, "x")
             End With
             Exit Function
             MsgBox CStr(Err) & " " & Err.Description
             Resume Exit_FillMemo
          End Function
  4. Type the following line in the Debug window, and then press ENTER:

  5. Open tblTableMemo.
  6. On the Edit menu, click Replace.
  7. In the Replace In Field dialog box, type abc in the Find What text box.
  8. Type hij in the Replace With text box, and then click to clear the Match Whole Field check box.
  9. Click Replace. Note that you receive one of the errors described in the "Symptoms" section.


For more information about creating update queries, search the Help Index for "update queries, creating" and select the Help Topic "Change records as a group using an update query," or ask the Microsoft Access 97 Office Assistant "How to create an update query."

For more information about writing recursive procedures, search the Help Index for "recursive procedures" and select the Help topic "Creating Recursive Procedures."

Additional query words: pra searching replacing

Keywords: kbbug kberrmsg KB173975