Registrations are now open. Join us today!
There is still a lot of work to do on the wiki yet! More information about editing can be found here.
Already have an account?

Microsoft KB Archive/173505

From BetaArchive Wiki

Article ID: 173505

Article Last Modified on 8/20/2007


  • Microsoft Word 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 95a

This article was previously published under Q173505


When you use Word command line switches to open a custom template and then run a macro that is stored in the custom template, the macro fails to run and you do not receive an error message.

For example, the following command line will not run the macro specified:

"<Word path>\WinWord.exe" /t"<template path>\<template name>"

NOTE: The /m<macroname> switch works correctly if the macro is stored in the template instead of the custom template.


Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language being demonstrated and the tools used to create and debug procedures. Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific needs. If you have limited programming experience, you may want to contact a Microsoft Certified Partner or the Microsoft fee-based consulting line at (800) 936-5200. For more information about Microsoft Certified Partners, please visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For more information about the support options that are available and about how to contact Microsoft, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

NOTE: You cannot create an AutoNew or AutoOpen macro to workaround to this problem. Nor can you place your macro code in the template's document Open or New event procedures. The auto macros and event procedures fail to run.

To work around this problem, use the following method:

Open the Template Directly

Use a command line that opens your custom template, instead of creating a document based on the template, and then runs a macro. In the following example, note the omission of the "/t" Switch.

"<Word path>\WinWord.exe" "<template path>\<template>.dot" /m<macroname>

Using the default installation paths for Word 7.x and its template folder, the command line would be


where <space> indicates a space character.

Your macro can issue a command to create a new document based on the custom template and then close your custom template. For example:

   Sub Main
      ' Get template name from Window Title.
      ActiveWindow$ = WindowName$()
      ' Get Full path and name of template.
      DocTemplate$ = FileNameInfo$(FileName$(), 1)
      ' Create new document based on custom template.
      FileNew DocTemplate$
      ' Switch back to template.
      Activate ActiveWindow$
      ' Close the template.

      MsgBox "Other code goes here."
   End Sub


Microsoft has confirmed this to be a problem in the versions of Microsoft Word listed at the beginning of this article. We are researching this problem and will post new information here in the Microsoft Knowledge Base as it becomes available.


Word 7.x has several command line switches that can control how Word starts. These switches include:

   /t<template name> - Starts Word with an alternate template (rather than

   /m<macroname> - Starts Word and runs the specified macro

For example, if you have a template called containing a macro called MyMacro, you would expect the following command line to create a new document based on MyTemplate and then run the macro MyMacro


where <space> indicates a space character.

Word creates the new document based on MyTemplate, but does not run the macro.

If you remove the "/t" switch from the command line, Word opens the template rather than creating a new document based on the template. With this method, Word runs the specified macro.

NOTE: Microsoft Word versions 6.x and earlier do not support the "/t" command line switch.


For more information about command line switches, please see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

70014 Word for Windows Startup Switches

97687 WD: Starting Word for Windows with a Template Other Than Normal

70991 WD: Auto Macros in Word

143302 DOCERR: Word Startup Switch /t Usage Incorrect

For more information about startup switches, click the Answer Wizard on the Help menu, type "startup switches," click Search, and then click the "Control what happens when you start Microsoft Word" topic.

Keywords: kbbug kbmacro KB173505