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Microsoft KB Archive/172087

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Knowledge Base

Agrid.exe Navigates to Non-Visible Grid Cells in Visual FoxPro

Article ID: 172087

Article Last Modified on 2/10/2005


  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0b Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0a
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0b for Macintosh

This article was previously published under Q172087


Agrid.exe is a sample for FoxPro for Windows that shows a way to move to grid cells that are not visible on the face of the grid with program code. The files include a form, Gridtest.scx, with a grid on it. The grid is based on a class stored in the Agrid.vcx visual class library.

Agrid.hqx is a sample for the Macintosh that shows a way to move to grid cells that are not visible on the face of the grid with program code. The files include a form, Gridtest.scx, with a grid on it. The grid is based on a class stored in the Agrid.vcx visual class library.


The following file is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:

For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

119591 How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services

Microsoft scanned this file for viruses. Microsoft used the most current virus-detection software that was available on the date that the file was posted. The file is stored on security-enhanced servers that help to prevent any unauthorized changes to the file.

In Visual FoxPro, the ActivateCell() method of a grid can be used to change the active cell in a grid. However, ActivateCell() works only for cells that are visible in the grid. A grid may have thousands of rows and more columns than can be shown. These rows and columns can be accessed if the user scrolls the grid or uses the navigation keys (page up, page down, arrow keys, and so forth) to move to them. The sample .vcx file contains a class based on a grid that has a custom method to allow access to any cell in the grid, visible or not.

To use the files included, follow these steps:

  1. Download the Agrid.exe or Agrid.hqx file and place it in a new folder.
  2. Select Agrid.exe or Agrid.hqx to extract the files.
  3. Once the files are extracted, start Visual FoxPro.
  4. In Visual FoxPro, set the default directory to the location of the files through the Tools, Options dialog box, File Locations tab or with the SET DEFAULT TO command.
  5. The sample form, Gridtest.scx, uses the TestData!Customer table. This is a sample table installed with Visual FoxPro in the \Samples\Data folder. In Visual FoxPro 6.0, the data is located in the Microsoft Visual Studio\Common\Data folder. Copy the files from that folder to the folder where the sample files for this article have been saved. Visual FoxPro 5.x users do not need to copy the .qpr, .prg, .pjx and .pjt files from that folder.
  6. The form and class library were created in Visual FoxPro 5.0a. To use them in Visual FoxPro 3.x, issue the following commands in Visual FoxPro 3.x to recompile them:

          COMPILE FORM Gridtest.scx
          COMPILE FORM Agrid.vcx

    When using the files in Visual FoxPro for Macintosh, at least for purposes of this article, setting MacDeskTop off is recommended. The following command will do that:


    The form and class library should be recompiled on the Macintosh. Use the commands above in Visual FoxPro for Macintosh.

  7. Run the form by issuing DO FORM Gridtest.scx in the Visual FoxPro Command window or by selecting Do from the Program menu, changing the Files Of Type drop-down list to Form, and selecting Gridtest.scx.
  8. The syntax for using the custom function of the agrid class is:


    where nrow and ncol specify the row and column of the cell to make active.

    Try these commands in the Command window with the form running to test the custom method:

          gridtest.agrid1.ActivateCell(18,5)  && Note that this will not work.

    NOTE: An "Invalid subscript reference" error message results from either a zero or negative number entered for the column reference.

  9. Quit and examine the agrid class in the Agrid.vcx visual class library as desired.

Any improvements to the code in the GoToCell custom method in the agrid class are appreciated.

Keywords: kbinfo kbfile kbsample KB172087