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Microsoft KB Archive/171843

From BetaArchive Wiki

Article ID: 171843

Article Last Modified on 10/15/2002



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition



This article was previously published under Q171843

SYMPTOMS

The Winsock control may cause the system to lose memory and system resources, eventually causing the system to stop responding due to running out of memory.

CAUSE

System resources are not properly replenished when a Winsock control is unloaded from memory. If your application often loads and unloads a Winsock control, you may eventually experience this problem.

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed this to be a bug in the Microsoft products listed at the beginning of this article.

MORE INFORMATION

Steps to Reproduce Behavior

NOTE: You should save your work in any open applications before following these steps.

  1. Create a new "Standard EXE" project. Form1 is created by default.
  2. Choose Components from the Project menu and select "Microsoft Winsock Control 5.0."
  3. Add a Winsock control (Winsock1) to Form1.
  4. Set the Index property of the Winsock1 control to 0.
  5. Add the following code to Form1.

          Option Explicit
    
          Private Sub Form_Load()
             Do
                Load Winsock1(1)
                Unload Winsock1(1)
                DoEvents ' Does not solve problem, but allows
                         ' idle time so you can stop application.
             Loop
          End Sub
                        
  6. Start the project.

At this point, you can view the Performance tab of the System Properties window to watch how system resources diminish while the application runs. The System Properties window is available by clicking the System icon in the Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Me Control Panel. Depending on the version of the Winsock control you are using, the version shipped with Visual Studio Service Pack 2 takes much longer to drain the system resources than the original version shipped with Visual Basic 5.0. Visual Studio Service Pack 3 does not have an updated control and still ships the Visual Studio Service Pack 2 version of the control.

Workaround

You can load a fixed number of Winsock controls, or a Winsock control array, on program load and only unload them on program shutdown to work around the memory leak problem. This approach is similar to implementing a Winsock server in SDK using a fixed-sized thread pool and is a more scalable solution than loading a new Winsock control to handle each new client connection. Under the one control per request model, if there are a large number of clients making connections to the server at the same time, the server will soon have too many threads to function at all.

Having a fixed "pool" of Winsock controls can ensure that the server functions properly under a relatively heavy load. A large number of simultaneous client connections will not be able to bring down a server machine. If there are unused controls left in the Winsock control pool when a client connection request comes in, you will assign one control from the pool to handle the client request. After the client request is served, the control is "returned" to the pool. If a client request comes in and all controls in the pool have been assigned out at the moment, you will have to choose to either have the client wait until there are available free controls in the pool, or accept the connection request right away, send a busy message, and then close the socket.

If you are planning a server that could experience really heavy loads, the Winsock control may not be the best tool to use. You should consider overlapped socket I/O with Windows NT I/O Completion Port in a C/C++ SDK program.


Additional query words: gdi

Keywords: kbbug kbwinsock kbapi kbnetwork kbctrl kbpending KB171843