Microsoft KB Archive/171571

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Article ID: 171571

Article Last Modified on 10/11/2006


  • Microsoft PowerPoint 98 for Macintosh
  • Microsoft PowerPoint 97 Standard Edition

This article was previously published under Q171571


Microsoft PowerPoint has the ability to create custom slide shows, which are subsets of existing slides within your presentation. When you print a custom show, PowerPoint prints the page number defined for that slide. For example, if you print a custom show named My Show that consists of slides 2, 8, and 13 of your presentation, the numbers 2, 8, and 13 appear on the printed output (assuming you have slide numbering turned on).

This article provides a sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications macro (Sub procedure) that prints out a specified custom show and numbers the pages consecutively, beginning with the number 1.

NOTE: You can change the beginning number by changing the value of the lStartNum constant.


Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

Sample Visual Basic Procedure

   ' These are user-defined data types; you need to place them in the
   ' Declarations section at the beginning of the module that contains
   ' the macro.

   Type PageBoxSize
      l As Long
      h As Long
      t As Long
      w As Long
   End Type

   Type SlideInfo
      ID As Long
      IsVisible As Boolean
   End Type

   Sub PrintCustomShow()

      ' Change this number to specify your starting slide number.
      Const lStartNum as Long = 1

      ' Ask the user which custom show they want to print.
      Dim strShowToPrint As String, strPrompt As String
      Dim strTitle As String, strDefault As String

      ' See if any custom shows are defined.
      If ActivePresentation.SlideShowSettings.NamedSlideShows.Count _
         < 1 Then

         ' No custom shows are defined.
         ' Set up the string for the message box.
         strPrompt = "You have no custom shows defined!"

         ' Display the message box and stop the macro.
         MsgBox strPrompt, vbCritical

      End If

      ' Find the page number placeholder; if found, pick up the style.
      Dim rect As PageBoxSize
      Dim oPlaceHolder As Shape
      Dim bFound As Boolean: bFound = False
      For Each oPlaceHolder In _

         ' Look for the slide number placeholder.
         If oPlaceHolder.PlaceholderFormat.Type = _
            ppPlaceholderSlideNumber Then

            ' Get the position of the page number placeholder.
            rect.l = oPlaceHolder.Left
            rect.t = oPlaceHolder.Top
            rect.w = oPlaceHolder.Width
            rect.h = oPlaceHolder.Height

            ' Get the formatting of the slide number placeholder.

            ' Found the slide number placeholder, so set the
            ' bFound boolean to True.
            bFound = True
            Exit For
         End If

      Next oPlaceHolder

      ' See if a slide number placeholder was found.
      ' If not found, exit the macro.
      If bFound = False Then

         ' Unable to find slide number placeholder.
         MsgBox "Your master slide does not contain a slide number " _
            & "placeholder. Add a " & vbCrLf & "slide number placeholder" _
            & " and run the macro again.", vbCritical
      End If

      ' Set up the string for the input box.
      strPrompt = "Type the name of the custom show you want to print." _
         & vbCrLf & vbCrLf & "Custom Show List" & vbCrLf _
         & "==============" & vbCrLf

      ' This is the title of the input box.
      strTitle = "Print Custom Show"

      ' Use the first defined show as the default.
      strDefault = _

      ' Obtain the names of all custom slide shows.
      Dim oCustomShow As NamedSlideShow
      For Each oCustomShow In _
         strPrompt = strPrompt & oCustomShow.Name & vbCrLf
      Next oCustomShow

      Dim bMatch As Boolean: bMatch = False

      ' Loop until a named show is matched or user clicks Cancel.
      While (bMatch = False)

         ' Display the input box that prompts the user to type in
         ' the slide show they want to print.
         strShowToPrint = InputBox(strPrompt, strTitle, strDefault)

         ' See if user clicked Cancel.
         If strShowToPrint = "" Then
         End If

         ' Make sure the return value of the input box is a valid name.
         For Each oCustomShow In _

            ' See if the show is in the NamedSlideShows collection.
            If strShowToPrint = oCustomShow.Name Then
               bMatch = True

               ' Leave the For loop, because a match was found.
               Exit For
            End If

            ' No match was found.
            bMatch = False

         Next oCustomShow

      ' Get the array of slide IDs used in the show.
      Dim vShowSlideIDs As Variant
      With ActivePresentation.SlideShowSettings
          vShowSlideIDs = .NamedSlideShows(strShowToPrint).SlideIDs
      End With

      ' Loop through the slides and turn off page numbering.
      Dim vSlideID As Variant
      Dim oSlide As Slide
      Dim Info() As SlideInfo

      ' Make room in the array.
      ReDim Preserve Info(UBound(vShowSlideIDs) - 1)

      ' Save the current background printing setting and
      ' then turn background printing off.
      Dim bBackgroundPrinting As Boolean
      bBackgroundPrinting = _
      ActivePresentation.PrintOptions.PrintInBackground = msoFalse

      ' Loop through every slide in the custom show.
      Dim x As Long: x = 0
      For Each vSlideID In vShowSlideIDs

         ' The first element in the array is zero and not used.
         If vSlideID <> 0 Then

            ' Add slide ID to the array.
            Info(x).ID = CLng(vSlideID)

            ' Get a reference to the slide.
            Set oSlide = ActivePresentation.Slides.FindBySlideID(vSlideID)

            ' Store the visible state of the page number.
            Info(x).IsVisible = oSlide.HeadersFooters.SlideNumber.Visible

            ' Turn off page numbering, if needed.
            If Info(x).IsVisible = True Then
               oSlide.HeadersFooters.SlideNumber.Visible = msoFalse
            End If

            ' Create a text box and add a temporary page number in it.
            Dim oShape As Shape
            Set oShape = _
               oSlide.Shapes.AddTextbox(msoTextOrientationHorizontal, _
                                        rect.l, rect.t, _
                                        rect.w, rect.h)

            ' Apply the formatting used for the slide number placeholder to
            ' the text box you just created.

            ' Add the page number text to the text box.
            oShape.TextFrame.TextRange = CStr(x + lStartNum)

            ' Print the slide. NOTE: You must turn background printing off.
            ActivePresentation.PrintOut oSlide.SlideNumber, _

            ' Increment the array element positon.
            x = x + 1

            ' Delete the temporary slide number shape.

         End If

      Next vSlideID

      ' Restore the slide information.
      For x = 0 To UBound(Info)
         ' Get a reference to the slide.
         Set oSlide = ActivePresentation.Slides.FindBySlideID(Info(x).ID)
         oSlide.HeadersFooters.SlideNumber.Visible = Info(x).IsVisible
      Next x

      ' Restore the background printing setting.
      ActivePresentation.PrintOptions.PrintInBackground = _
   End Sub


For more information about creating Visual Basic for Applications macros, click the Office Assistant in Microsoft PowerPoint, type how to create a macro click Search, and then click to view "Create a macro in Visual Basic Editor."

For more information about running Visual Basic for Applications macros, click the Office Assistant in Microsoft PowerPoint, type how to run a macro click Search, and then click to view "Run a macro."

NOTE: If the Assistant is hidden, click the Office Assistant button on the Standard toolbar. If the Assistant is not able to answer your query, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

176476 OFF: Office Assistant Not Answering Visual Basic Questions

For more information about getting help with Visual Basic for Applications, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

163435 VBA: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications

Additional query words: 8.00 ppt8 vba vbe macppt mac_ppt ppt98 powerpt

Keywords: kbcode kbdtacode kbhowto kbmacro kbprogramming KB171571