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Microsoft KB Archive/170431

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Knowledge Base


XL97: How to Convert All Files on a Server to Microsoft Excel

Article ID: 170431

Article Last Modified on 11/23/2006



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition



This article was previously published under Q170431


SUMMARY

The Microsoft Excel 97 File Conversion add-in converts all of the files in one folder. This article describes how to use a Visual Basic for Applications macro to convert the files in a folder and all of its subfolders.

MORE INFORMATION

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language being demonstrated and the tools used to create and debug procedures. Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific needs. If you have limited programming experience, you may want to contact a Microsoft Certified Partner or the Microsoft fee-based consulting line at (800) 936-5200. For more information about Microsoft Certified Partners, please visit the following Microsoft Web site:

For more information about the support options that are available and about how to contact Microsoft, visit the following Microsoft Web site:

In Microsoft Excel 97, the Application object now has FileSearch and FoundFiles properties that return an object containing the list of files found in the search. These properties can be used to open another file type and then save it in Microsoft Excel 97 format.

NOTE: If you do not want to see each workbook that is opened and closed, add the following line to the beginning of the macro:

   Application.ScreenUpdating = False
                

If you convert a large number of files, this line may cause the macro to appear to stop responding.

The following sample Visual Basic for Applications macro converts the files in a folder and its subfolders:

  Application.ScreenUpdating = False

If you convert a large number of files, this line may cause the macro to
appear to stop responding.

The following sample Visual Basic for Applications macro converts the files
in a folder and its subfolders:

   Sub Converter()

   'Turns off alerts, allows duplicate files to be overwritten without
   prompts
   Application.DisplayAlerts = False

   'Initializes conversion conditions.
   SearchDir = InputBox("Input name of directory to start in")
   FileExt = InputBox("Input extension of files to convert in the form
   *.xxx")
   SaveDir = InputBox("Input name of directory to save files to")
   SearchSubs = MsgBox(prompt:="Do you want to include files in
   subdirectories?", Buttons:=vbYesNo)

   'Initializes the search.
   With Application.FileSearch
       .NewSearch
       .LookIn = SearchDir

   'Determines whether to search subdirectories.
   If SearchSubs = 6 Then
       .SearchSubFolders = True
   Else
       .SearchSubFolders = False
   End If

   'Determines file type to convert.
       .FileName = FileExt
       .MatchTextExactly = True

   'If the search found files, loops again, opens, and then resaves in the
   'Microsoft Excel workbook format
       If .Execute > 0 Then
           counter = 0
           For i = 1 To .FoundFiles.Count
               counter = counter + 1
               Workbooks.Open FileName:=.FoundFiles(i)

   'Builds the new name by deleting the previous extension.
               ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs FileName:=SaveDir & "\" & _
                 Left(ActiveWorkbook.Name, Len(ActiveWorkbook.Name) - 4), _
                 FileFormat:=xlWorkbookNormal
               ActiveWorkbook.Close savechanges:=False
           Next i

   'Returns how many files were converted.
           MsgBox prompt:=counter & " files were converted"
       ElseIf .Execute = 0 then
           MsgBox "No files were found, no files were converted"
       End If

   End With
   End Sub
                

REFERENCES

For more information about FileSearch, click the Office Assistant, type FileSearch, click Search, and then click to view "FileSearch Object."

NOTE: If the Assistant is hidden, click the Office Assistant button on the Standard toolbar. If Microsoft Help is not installed on your computer, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

120802 Office: How to Add/Remove a Single Office Program or Component



Additional query words: XL97

Keywords: kbdtacode kbhowto KB170431