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Microsoft KB Archive/169947

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Article ID: 169947

Article Last Modified on 11/21/2006


  • Microsoft Foundation Class Library 4.2, when used with:
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 4.2 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 4.2 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Standard Edition

This article was previously published under Q169947


DDX - DDV functions in MFC do not directly support the __int64 type. However, you can add your own functions to allow 64-bit numbers to be used with Edit controls.


Below is sample code for DDX - DDV routines to handle the __int64 type. This code can be easily modified to handle unsigned 64-bit numbers. This code uses the TCHAR datatype for text so it works with Unicode or standard character types without modification.

Sample Code

   // First we have to fix a bug in TCHAR.H.
   // _ttoi64 is incorrectly defined in TCHAR.H, so we need to undefine it
   // and redefine it correctly to avoid the compile error when building
   // and non-Unicode version.

   #ifdef _UNICODE
     #ifdef  _ttoi64
       #undef  _ttoi64
       #define _ttoi64 _wtoi64
     #ifdef  _ttoi64
       #undef  _ttoi64
       #define _ttoi64 _atoi64

   //  Use _ttoi64 and _i64tot to get the data into and out of the
   //  the member variables. These map to _atoi64 /_wtoi64 and
   //  _i64toa / _i64tow.
   void DDX_I64Txt( CDataExchange* pDX,
                    int            nIDC,
                    __int64&       nValue
     TCHAR        szBuffer[32];
     HWND   hWndCtrl = pDX->PrepareEditCtrl(nIDC);

     if (pDX->m_bSaveAndValidate)
     {                                 // _int64 is 19 characters long
       *szBuffer = NULL;               // when converted to text.
       ::GetWindowText( hWndCtrl, szBuffer, 30 );
       nValue = _ttoi64( szBuffer );
       _tcscpy( szBuffer, _i64tot( nValue, szBuffer, 10 ) );
       ::SetWindowText( hWndCtrl, szBuffer );
   } // end DDX_I64Txt

   //  Most DDV functions pass nValue by value. We pass a reference
   //  here so we can set the value to the min or max specified if
   //  an out-of-range value is passed in.
   void DDV_MinMaxI64( CDataExchange* pDX,
                       __int64&       nValue,
                       __int64        nMinVal,
                       __int64        nMaxVal
     ASSERT( nMinVal <= nMaxVal);
     if( !pDX->m_bSaveAndValidate )
   TRACE0("Warning: initial dialog data is out of range.\n");

     if( (nValue < nMinVal) || (nValue > nMaxVal) )
       TCHAR  szMinStr[32];          // Have to use strings here because
       TCHAR  szMaxStr[32];          // CString and sprintf formatting
       TCHAR  szMsgStr[64];          // don't support 64-bit numbers.
       _i64tot( nMinVal, szMinStr, 10 );
       _i64tot( nMaxVal, szMaxStr, 10 );
       _stprintf( szMsgStr, "Enter a value between %s and %s\n",
                  szMinStr, szMaxStr );
       AfxMessageBox( szMsgStr, MB_ICONEXCLAMATION );
                                     // Set the value to something defined
       (nValue < nMinVal) ? nValue = nMinVal : nValue = nMaxVal;

       pDX->Fail();                  // Restores focus to the
                                     // offending control and throws
     }                               // a user exception.
   } // End DDV_MinMaxI64.

Keywords: kbhowto kbuidesign KB169947