Microsoft KB Archive/169107

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Article ID: 169107

Article Last Modified on 10/22/2000


  • Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition

This article was previously published under Q169107


In Microsoft Excel 97, if you run a Visual Basic for Applications macro that checks the BottomRightCell property or TopLeftCell property of a drawing object, AutoShape, chart, or other object, the address of the cell may appear to be incorrect.


This problem occurs if the BottomRightCell or TopLeftCell returns the address of a merged cell.


Microsoft provides examples of Visual Basic for Applications procedures for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. The Visual Basic procedures in this article are provided 'as is' and Microsoft does not guarantee that they can be used in all situations. While Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular macro, they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality, nor will they help you construct macros to meet your specific needs. If you have limited programming experience, you may want to consult one of the Microsoft Solution Providers. Solution Providers offer a wide range of fee-based services, including creating custom macros. For more information about Microsoft Solution Providers, call Microsoft Customer Information Service at (800) 426-9400.

If you want to return the address of the merged cell that lies beneath the upper-left corner or the lower-right corner of an object, modify the code so that it checks the address of the upper-leftmost cell of the MergeArea that lies beneath the object. For example, instead of using the following code

   X = ActiveSheet.Shapes(1).TopLeftCell.Address

use this code:

   X = ActiveSheet.Shapes(1).TopLeftCell.MergeArea.Resize(1, 1).Address

The MergeArea property returns the entire range of cells that is merged into a single cell. The Resize method returns the upper-leftmost cell of the MergeArea. The Address property returns the address of the merged cell.

You can use the same process with the BottomRightCell property of objects.


Microsoft has confirmed this to be a problem in the Microsoft products listed at the beginning of this article.


When you check the BottomRightCell property or the TopLeftCell property of an object in Microsoft Excel 97, the property does not recognize that the worksheet may contain merged cells. As a result, each property returns the address of the cell that would have been under the upper-left or lower- right corner of the object if the cells had not been merged.

To demonstrate this behavior, use the following steps:

  1. In Microsoft Excel 97, create a new workbook.
  2. Select the range of cells B2:F6. On the Formatting toolbar, click Merge And Center.
  3. Using the Rectangle tool on the Drawing toolbar, draw a rectangle that is completely within the merged cell.
  4. On the Tools menu, point to Macro, and then click Visual Basic Editor.
  5. On the View menu, click Immediate Window.
  6. Type the following command


    and press ENTER.

    The Immediate window returns $F$6 even though the rectangle is completely within the merged cell ($B$2).

  7. Type the following command

     ?Sheets(1).Shapes(1).BottomRightCell.MergeArea.Resize(1, 1).Address

    and press ENTER.

The Immediate window returns $B$2, the correct address.

Additional query words: XL97

Keywords: kberrmsg kbprb KB169107