Microsoft KB Archive/107556
WG0788: Customizing WFWG 3.11 for Individuals w/ Disabilities
Last reviewed: June 26, 1998
3.10 3.11 WINDOWS kbfile kbdisplay kbappnote kbtlc The information in this article applies to:
This Application Note, "Customizing Windows for Workgroups for Individuals with Disabilities" (WG0788) provides information about products and services available for computer users with special needs:
You can obtain this Application Note from the following sources:
For complete information, see the "To Obtain This Application Note" section at the end of this article.
THE TEXT OF WG0788
Microsoft(R) Product Support Services Application Note (Text File) WG0788: CUSTOMIZING WINDOWS(TM) FOR WORKGROUPS FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES
Revision Date: 5/94 No Disk Included
The following information applies to Microsoft Windows for Workgroups, versions 3.1 and 3.11.
| INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT AND ANY SOFTWARE THAT MAY | | ACCOMPANY THIS DOCUMENT (collectively referred to as an Application | | Note) IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER | | EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED | | WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR | | PURPOSE. The user assumes the entire risk as to the accuracy and | | the use of this Application Note. This Application Note may be | | copied and distributed subject to the following conditions: 1) All | | text must be copied without modification and all pages must be | | included; 2) If software is included, all files on the disk(s) | | must be copied without modification (the MS-DOS(R) utility | | diskcopy is appropriate for this purpose); 3) All components of | | this Application Note must be distributed together; and 4) This | | Application Note may not be distributed for profit. | | | | Copyright (C) 1993-1994 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights | | Reserved. | | BallPoint, Microsoft, and MS-DOS are registered trademarks and | | Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. | | TrueType is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| CUSTOMIZING WINDOWS FOR WORKGROUPS FOR INDIVIDUALS ================================================== WITH DISABILITIES =================
This Application Note provides information about the following products and services available for computer users with special needs:
Through text telephone (TTY) services, Microsoft provides people who are deaf or hard-of-hearing with the same technical product support and customer service as hearing customers. For sales information and nontechnical customer service, you can contact Microsoft Consumer Sales on a text telephone at (800) 892-5234 between 6:30 A.M. and 5:30 P.M. Pacific time. For technical assistance, you can contact Microsoft Product Support Services (PSS) on a text telephone at (425) 635-4948 between 6:00 A.M. and 6:00 P.M. Pacific time. Microsoft support services are subject to Microsoft prices, terms, and conditions in place at the time the service is used.
ACCESS PACK FOR MICROSOFT WINDOWS =================================
Microsoft distributes Access Pack for Microsoft Windows, which provides people who have movement or hearing disabilities with better access to computers running Windows or Windows for Workgroups. With Access Pack for Microsoft Windows, you can configure your Windows system to do the following:
Access Pack for Microsoft Windows, which was developed by the Trace R&D Center at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, is available on the Microsoft Windows Driver Library in the file ACCP.EXE. If you have a modem, you can download Windows Driver Library components from network services, various user-group bulletin board services (BBSs) (including BBSs on the Association of PC User Groups [APCUG] network), and the Microsoft Download Service (MSDL). The MSDL is available seven days a week from 2:30 A.M. to 1:00 A.M. at (425) 936-MSDL (936-6735). The modem settings are:
1200,n,8,1 2400,n,8,1 9600,n,8,1 (V.32, V.32bis, V.42, V.42bis) 14,400,n,8,1 (V.32, V.32bis, V.42, V.42bis) NOTE: If you cannot connect at 14,400, lower the bits per second to 9600 and try again.
For more information about the WDL, see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base.
ARTICLE-ID: Q135314 TITLE : Windows 95 Driver Library ARTICLE-ID: Q82006 TITLE : Windows Driver Library Information
Customers who do not have a modem can obtain disks by calling PSS at (425) 637-7098 (voice telephone) or (425) 635-4948 (text telephone).
KEYBOARD LAYOUTS FOR SINGLE-HANDED COMPUTER USERS =================================================
Microsoft distributes software to modify your keyboard layout. These keyboard layouts can be useful for people who have difficulty using the standard QWERTY layout. You can use this software to change your keyboard configuration without adjusting your physical keyboard. Windows for Workgroups has built-in support for the two-handed Dvorak keyboard layout, which may be useful for preventing or coping with some types of repetitive motion injuries associated with typing. To use this layout, choose the International icon in Control Panel. Two additional layouts are designed for people who type with the left hand only or with the right hand only. These layouts can also be useful for people who type with a single finger or a wand.
The single-handed layouts are included with the PSS Application Note GA0650, "Dvorak Keyboard Layouts." If you have a modem, you can download GA0650 from the network services listed in the previous section. The filename is GA0650.ZIP, except on MSDL, where this Application Note is available in the self-extracting file GA0650.EXE.
Customers who do not have a modem can obtain GA0650 by calling Microsoft Consumer Sales at (800) 426-9400 (voice telephone) or (800) 892-5234 (text telephone).
MICROSOFT MOUSE DRIVER VERSION 9.0 ==================================
If you have trouble seeing the mouse when you are moving it and you are using the Microsoft Mouse or the Microsoft BallPoint(R) Mouse, you can upgrade to version 9.0 of the Microsoft Mouse driver. The optional utilities included with the 9.0 Microsoft Mouse driver offer the following features:
If you own a Microsoft Mouse, you can order the version 9.0 driver by calling Microsoft Consumer Sales at (800) 426-9400 (voice telephone) or (800) 892-5234 (text telephone). There is a charge for the version 9.0 driver.
DOCUMENTATION ON AUDIO CASSETTES AND FLOPPY DISKS =================================================
People who cannot use printed documentation can obtain many of Microsoft's publications from Recording for the Blind, Inc. (RFB). RFB distributes these documents on audio cassettes and floppy disks to registered members of its distribution service. RFB's collection contains more than 80,000 titles, including Microsoft product documentation and books from Microsoft Press. You can contact Recording for the Blind at the following address and phone and fax numbers:
Recording for the Blind, Inc. 20 Roszel Road Princeton, NJ 08540 (800) 221-4792 Voice telephone (609) 987-8116 Fax PRODUCTS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE BLIND OR HAVE LOW VISION =========================================================
If you are blind or have low vision, many products are available to help you use Windows. For persons with low vision, there are several screen-enlargement utilities. For blind individuals, there are screen readers that provide alternative output by synthesized voice or refreshable Braille displays. For more information on the products available, see the "Getting More Information" section of this Application Note. For more information about customizing Windows for Workgroups for individuals with low vision, see the "Customizing Windows for Workgroups Without Additional Hardware or Software" section below.
HELP INSTALLING WINDOWS FOR WORKGROUPS ======================================
Individuals who rely on some types of accessibility software may have difficulty installing Windows for Workgroups because the accessibility software is not loaded during the graphical portion of Setup. If this presents a problem, you can bypass the graphical portion of Setup by using the /h switch. The /h switch allows you to specify a text file that provides answers to all the questions that you would be prompted for during the graphical portion of Setup. For example, if you create a text file called MYSETUP.SHH, you would then run Setup with the following command:
For more information on the format of the setup response file, see the SETUP.SHH file provided on your Windows for Workgroups installation disks.
CUSTOMIZING WINDOWS FOR WORKGROUPS WITHOUT ========================================== ADDITIONAL HARDWARE OR SOFTWARE ===============================
There are many ways you can adjust the appearance and behavior of Windows for Workgroups to suit varying eyesight and motor skills without any additional software or hardware. For example, by changing settings in your WIN.INI and SYSTEM.INI files, you can control screen colors, font sizes, and mouse behavior. You can change these settings in Control Panel or by directly modifying the files. The following sections describe how to identify which settings to modify to achieve the desired results and how to safely modify the WIN.INI, SYSTEM.INI, and other Windows initialization files.
Modifying Initialization Files
Windows initialization files (.INIs) contain information about your system environment. For example, the WIN.INI file contains settings about your Windows environment, and the SYSTEM.INI file contains settings that tell Windows about your system's hardware needs. MSMAIL.INI and SCHEDPLUS.INI contain settings that control the appearance of text and screen colors within the Mail and Schedule+ applications.
You can configure Windows and Windows-based applications to meet your needs and preferences by modifying the information stored in these files. For more information about WIN.INI and SYSTEM.INI, refer to the WININI.WRI and SYSINI.WRI files located in your Windows directory. You can print or view these files from Microsoft Windows Write.
IMPORTANT: Errors made when editing initialization files can lead to undesirable results when you run Windows. Before changing any entry, make a backup copy of your original file. Also, some text editors can damage characters that have ANSI values greater than 127. To avoid these problems, we recommend that you use Control Panel or Setup whenever possible to make changes. If you must edit the file, use a text editor such as Microsoft Windows Notepad, System Configuration Editor (SYSEDIT.EXE), or MS-DOS Editor.
To change .INI file entries with a text editor:
The next five sections of this Application Note discuss the initialization file entries you can change to achieve the specific results you want. Many of the initialization file entries discussed below are not present in the WIN.INI file by default but you can easily add them with a text editor.
Changing Schedule+ and Mail Settings
Changing Mouse Behavior
Changing Keyboard Behavior
Information from Microsoft
For more information on Microsoft products and services for people with disabilities, contact Microsoft Consumer Sales at one of the following numbers:
(800) 426-9400 Voice telephone (800) 892-5234 Text telephone
Third-Party Product Information The Trace R&D Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison produces a book and a compact disc (CD) that describe products that help people with disabilities use computers. The book is titled "ResourceBook" and contains nearly 500 pages of descriptions and photographs of approximately 2,000 aids. The CD provides a database of more than 12,000 products and other information for people with disabilities. It is issued twice a year and is also available in many public libraries. You can contact the Trace R&D Center at the following address and phone and fax numbers:
Trace R&D Center S-151 Waisman Center 1500 Highland Avenue Madison, WI 53705-2280 (608) 263-2309 Voice telephone (608) 263-5408 Text telephone (608) 262-8848 Fax
Assistive Technology Programs
For general information and recommendations about how computers can help specific individuals, customers should consult a trained evaluator who can best match the individual's needs with the available solutions. An assistive technology program in your area can provide referrals to programs and services available to you. To locate the assistive technology program nearest you, contact the Center for Developmental Disabilities at the following address and phone and fax numbers:
National Information System Center for Developmental Disabilities University of South Carolina Benson Building Columbia, SC 29208 (800) 922-9234, Voice or text telephone, outside South Carolina extension 301 (800) 922-1107 Voice or text telephone, in South Carolina (803) 777-6222 Voice or text telephone, outside the United States (803) 777-6058 Fax
TO OBTAIN THIS APPLICATION NOTE
You can find WG0788.EXE, a self-extracting file, on the following services:
For additional information about downloading, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
ARTICLE-ID: Q119591 TITLE : How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services
You can have this Application Note faxed or mailed to you from the automated Microsoft FastTips Technical Library, which you can call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at (800) 936-4200. NOTE: The FastTips Technical Library is available only to customers within the U.S. and Canada. If you are unable to access the source(s) listed above, you can have this Application Note mailed or faxed to you by calling Microsoft Product Support Services Monday through Friday, 6:00 A.M. to 6:00 P.M. Pacific time at (425) 637-7098. If you are outside the United States, contact the Microsoft subsidiary for your area.
KBCategory: kbfile kbdisplay kbappnote kbtlc
Last reviewed: June 26, 1998