Microsoft KB Archive/106511

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WG0949: Windows for Workgroups 3.11 Setup Information

Last reviewed: May 1, 1997
Article ID: Q106511

3.11 WINDOWS kbnetwork kb3rdparty kbfile kbappnote The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Windows for Workgroups version 3.11

Microsoft has an Application Note titled "Setup Information" (WG0949) for Microsoft Windows for Workgroups version 3.11.

You can obtain this Application Note from the following sources:

  • Microsoft's World Wide Web Site on the Internet
  • The Internet (Microsoft anonymous ftp server)
  • Microsoft Download Service (MSDL)
  • Microsoft FastTips Technical Library
  • Microsoft Product Support Services

For complete information, see the "To Obtain This Application Note" section at the end of this article.


  Microsoft(R) Product Support Services Application Note (Text File)
                       WG0949: SETUP INFORMATION
                                                  Revision Date:  6/94
                                                      No Disk Included

The following information applies to Microsoft Windows for Workgroups, version 3.11.

| ACCOMPANY THIS DOCUMENT (collectively referred to as an Application |
| PURPOSE. The user assumes the entire risk as to the accuracy and    |
| the use of this Application Note. This Application Note may be      |
| copied and distributed subject to the following conditions:  1) All |
| text must be copied without modification and all pages must be      |
| included;  2) If software is included, all files on the disk(s)     |
| must be copied without modification (the MS-DOS(R)  utility         |
| diskcopy is appropriate for this purpose);  3) All components of    |
| this Application Note must be distributed together;  and  4) This   |
| Application Note may not be distributed for profit.                 |
|                                                                     |
| Copyright (C) 1993 Microsoft Corporation.  All Rights Reserved.     |
| Microsoft and MS-DOS are registered trademarks and Windows and      |
| Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.                 |
| Artisoft and LANtastic are registered trademarks of Artisoft, Inc.  |
| AT&T is a registered trademark of American Telephone and Telegraph  |
| Company.                                                            |
| Banyan and VINES are registered trademarks of Banyan Systems, Inc.  |
| DEC is a registered trademark and Pathworks is a trademark of       |
| Digital Equipment Corporation.                                      |
| TCS is a registered trademark of Eurotherm International P.L.C.     |
| IBM and OS/2 are registered trademarks of International Business    |
| Machines Corporation.                                               |
| NetWare and Novell are registered trademarks of Novell, Inc.        |
| Olivetti is a registered trademark of Ing. C. Olivetti.             |
| PC-NFS and Sun Microsystems are registered trademarks of Sun        |
| Microsystems, Incorporated.                                         |


This Application Note discusses installation requirements for Microsoft Windows for Workgroups version 3.11, the differences between the Setup programs for Windows for Workgroups 3.11 and Microsoft Windows operating system 3.1, new device drivers and files that ship with Windows for Workgroups, and the Setup options /A, /N, and /H.

                       INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS

To install and use Windows for Workgroups 3.11, you must be using MS- DOS version 3.3 or later. To upgrade from a previous installation of Windows, your Windows version must be 3.1 or later, and your Windows files must be included in your PATH statement. (If you have a version of Windows earlier than 3.1, you need to do a complete Windows for Workgroups installation, not an upgrade.) If you want to preserve your Program Manager groups and other existing Windows settings, you need to install Windows for Workgroups in the directory of your current Windows installation.


Windows for Workgroups 3.11 requires approximately 4.5 megabytes (MB) more disk space than Windows 3.1. The following table illustrates the disk space requirements for the most common installation types.

Type of Installation          Windows 3.1    Windows for Workgroups 3.11
Full installation (286)            8.6 MB         Not Available
Upgrade 3.x (286)                  5.2 MB         Not Available
Full installation (386)            9.5 MB               18.0 MB
Upgrade 3.x (386)                  5.2 MB                9.0 MB
Network administrator (setup /A)  15.3 MB               21.0 MB
Network setup (setup /N)            .3 MB                1.2 MB


The following networks are supported for use with Windows for Workgroups 3.11:

  • Artisoft(R) LANtastic(R) (versions 3.x, 4.x, and 5.x)
  • Banyan(R) VINES(R) (versions 4.11, 5.0, and 5.52)
  • BW-NFS (version 3.0)
  • DEC(R) Pathworks(TM) (versions 4.0, 4.1, and later)
  • IBM(R) OS/2(R) Lan Server (versions 1.2, 1.3, 1.3 CSD, and 2.0 without API)
  • Microsoft LAN Manager (version 2.1)
  • Microsoft Windows Network
  • Microsoft Windows NT(TM) (version 3.1)
  • Microsoft Workgroup Client (all versions)
  • Novell(R) NetWare(R) (versions 3.x, 4.0, and later)
  • Sun Microsystems(R) PC-NFS(R) (version 5)
  • TCS(R) 10Net (versions 4.1x, 4.2, and 5.0)

Before you run a shared copy of Windows for Workgroups that is installed over one of these networks, read the following guidelines. For some networks, you need to take some preliminary steps before running a shared copy of Windows for Workgroups.

Novell NetWare Network

If you are running a shared copy of Windows for Workgroups on a Novell workstation, be sure to log on to the Novell server before starting Windows for Workgroups.

Microsoft LAN Manager and Windows for Workgroups

Before you run a shared copy of Windows for Workgroups on a LAN Manager or Windows for Workgroups workstation, be sure to start the network workstation services. You can do this with the NET START WORKSTATION command.

If you are using the Windows for Workgroups network drivers, you can start the workstation services automatically by placing one of the following entries in the [Network] section of your SYSTEM.INI file:


Setting AUTOSTART to FULL installs the enhanced network redirector. The enhanced redirector supports named pipes and LAN Manager application programming interface (API) functions. Setting AUTOSTART to BASIC installs the basic network redirector, which uses less system memory but does not support named pipes.

Neither redirector supports network messaging services or pop-up messages.

LAN Manager automatically installs the redirector based on entries in your AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files. These settings are specified in the LAN Manager network documentation.


   - With Windows for Workgroups 3.11, you can connect to and use files,
     directories, and printers that are shared on a Microsoft Windows NT
     or a Microsoft LAN Manager server. To view the name of a LAN
     Manager server, at least one computer on the network must have a
     workgroup name that matches the name of the primary domain of the
     LAN Manager server.

   - Unlike in version 3.1, if you are running a shared copy of Windows
     for Workgroups 3.11, you cannot share your workstation's resources
     once you have started the real mode redirector.

Using Windows for Workgroups with a Different Network Operating System

In addition to the Windows for Workgroups 3.11 network functionality, you can install Windows support for a third-party network operating system. The network operating systems currently supported are:

  • Banyan VINES (versions 4.11, 5.00, and 5.52)
  • BW-NFS (version 3.0)
  • Novell NetWare Shell (versions 3.x and 4.x)
  • Sun Microsystems PC-NFS (version 5.0)

No third-party files are included with Windows for Workgroups 3.11. You must obtain all third-party network operating system files from your network vendor. You must install the third-party network operating system before you select the Windows support option.

   NOTE: This procedure is not useful unless the drivers you obtain
   from your vendor are compatible with Windows for Workgroups.

To use Windows for Workgroups with a different network:

  1. In the Network group in Program Manager, choose the Network Setup icon.
  2. In the Network Setup dialog box, choose the Networks button.

    The Compatible Networks dialog box appears.

  3. Select the Other option button under the heading "You can install Windows support for an additional network" and then select the network you want to set up. If that network does not appear in the list, select Unlisted Or Updated Network.

    You are then prompted to insert the disk containing the network driver supplied by your vendor. After you insert the floppy disk in your drive, Setup installs the network driver. The new network should then appear in the Available Network Types group.

  4. Select your network and choose the Add button.

    This adds the network to the Other Networks In Use list.

  5. Choose the OK button twice to exit the Network dialog boxes.

         IMPORTANT: To use the new driver(s), you must reboot your machine.


You can install Windows support for a third-party network only; however, you lose Windows for Workgroups peer-to-peer functionality if you do so. You can install support for the following networks:

Artisoft LANtastic (versions 3.x, 4.x, and 5.x) Banyan VINES (versions 4.11, 5.0, and 5.52) BW-NFS (version 3.0) DEC Pathworks (versions 4.0, 4.1, or later) IBM OS/2 Lan Server (versions 1.2, 1.3, 1.3 CSD, and 2.0 without API) Microsoft Windows Network (version 3.11 Basic) Novell NetWare (versions 3.x, 4.0, and later) Sun Microsystems PC-NFS (version 5) TCS 10Net (versions 4.1x, 4.2, and 5.0)


This section discusses new features in the Windows for Workgroups Setup program, including network detection and dialog box changes.


  • Windows for Workgroups 3.11 Setup performs network card detection. If Setup fails to detect your network card, it prompts you to choose from a list of available network adapters.
  • After a failed installation attempt, you can also force Setup to perform network card detection by using the /F switch (setup /F).
  • You can select No Network as a network type during Setup.


  • Windows for Workgroups Setup 3.11 asks for the computer name and the workgroup in the initial user name dialog box.
  • After Setup completes printer installation, the Install New Network Adapter, Network Adapters, and Compatible Networks dialog boxes may appear, as the following table illustrates.

       Dialog box                    Express Setup    Custom Setup
   Install New Network Adapter   Conditional      Conditional
   Network Adapters              No               Yes
   Compatible Networks           Conditional      Yes

   The Install New Network Adapter dialog box does not appear during
   either Express or Custom Setup if the Network Card Detection (NCD)
   utility detects your network card and you confirm the detected
   network card. Confirming the detected network card places a network
   adapter entry in the PROTOCOL.INI file. If you don't confirm the
   detected network card, the Install New Network Adapter dialog box
   appears. If you are upgrading from a Workgroup Connection or LAN
   Manager 2.1 installation, there is already a valid network adapter
   entry in the PROTOCOL.INI file, and this dialog box is skipped.

   The Compatible Networks dialog box does not appear during Express
   Setup if you are upgrading from a LAN Manager 2.1 installation.
   Selecting a network in this dialog box places a multinet= entry in
   the [Network] section of the SYSTEM.INI file. If Setup detects the
   existing LAN Manager 2.1 installation, Setup places the multinet=
   entry in the SYSTEM.INI file and therefore skips the Compatible
   Networks dialog box.

Once Setup is complete, the option to restart Windows is no longer available. (To load or upgrade network drivers, you must reboot your machine.)



You run Setup with the /A and /N options to configure a workstation to run Windows from a shared directory. Administrative Setup (setup /A) copies all the files from the Windows distribution disks to a single directory and marks them as read-only. This directory can then be used to install and run a shared copy of Windows. Setup /N sets up the shared copy of Windows.

In a stand-alone Windows 3.1 installation, the Windows directory and SYSTEM subdirectory are on your personal hard disk drive. In a shared Windows installation, the Windows directory can be located on the user's hard disk drive or on a network drive, and can be customized for each user. There is no SYSTEM subdirectory, as such, in a network installation; system files are typically located in a shared directory on a network server.

In Windows for Workgroups 3.11, as in Windows 3.1 running on a network, the personal Windows directory contains all files with .INI, GRP, and .PIF extensions, as well as REG.DAT, WIN.COM, WINVER.EXE, and any MS-DOS device driver files. The personal Windows directory may also contain the MS-DOS network device drivers and the NET.EXE, MSIPX.COM, and NETX.COM files. (These files may also be copied to the root directory of the boot drive, as explained in the following section.) The shared directory contains all other Windows files.

   NOTE: If you are setting up a third-party network operating system
   under Windows for Workgroups, you must place the necessary files
   provided by the third-party network operating system manufacturer
   in the shared Windows directory created by the setup /a command.
   When you run setup /n, Setup does not prompt you for these files.

Where Setup Places Network Files

The Windows 3.1 Setup program reads the SETUP.INF file to determine where to install files. SETUP.INF uses the file classifications WINDIR and SYSDIR to refer to files that Setup installs in the Windows directory and SYSTEM subdirectory, respectively.

The Windows for Workgroups 3.11 Setup program reads the NETWORK.INF file to determine where to install files. Setup places files with the windir classification in the personal Windows directory and files with the sysdir classification in a shared server directory. NETWORK.INF also uses two new file classifications, NETDIR and DEVDIR. Where Setup places these files depends on the type of installation.

Real-mode network device drivers (devdir files) are copied to the personal Windows directory on a local nonremovable, noncompressed drive. These include PROTMAN.DOS, PROTOCOL.INI, and WORKGRP.SYS. If the personal Windows directory is on a remote, removable, or compressed volume, then these files are copied to the root of the boot drive. These device drivers must be correctly referenced in the CONFIG.SYS file.

Real-mode network utilities and terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) programs (netdir files) are copied to the personal Windows directory on a nonremovable hard disk. These include NET.EXE, MSIPX.COM, NETX.COM, and ROUTE.COM. If the personal Windows directory is on a remote or removable volume, these files are copied to the same directory as the devdir files. These utilities and TSRs must be correctly referenced in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file.

   NOTE: If your personal Windows directory is on a remote volume, you
   still must have your own hard disk drive to run Windows for
   Workgroups. Windows for Workgroups does not support diskless
   workstations or systems without hard disk drives.

The following table illustrates where Setup places the netdir and devdir files for different installations.

                                          Location of   Location of
Location of Windows installation          netdir files  devdir files
Nonremovable hard disk drive              Windows       Windows
Compressed nonremovable hard disk drive   Windows       Root
Removable drive (for example, SCSI)       Root          Root
Remote drive (setup /N)                   Root          Root


You can use Setup with the /H option to automate the Setup program. Windows for Workgroups 3.11 and Windows 3.1 come with a system- settings template file called SETUP.SHH, which you can copy or modify to create a custom system-settings file. In addition to the settings specified in the Windows 3.1 template file, the Windows for Workgroups template file includes parameters for the computer name, workgroup, network card, protocol, and compatible network. The SETUP.SHH file is located on Windows for Workgroups 3.11 Disk 1 and is copied to the shared Windows for Workgroups directory when you run setup /A. You can modify the template file with any text editor that can save unformatted text (ASCII) files.

For more information about batch mode setup, refer to Chapter 3 of the Microsoft Windows for Workgroups "Resource Kit."


You can find WG0949.TXT (size: 18921 bytes) 
                       , a self-extracting file, on the following


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          On the home page, click the Support icon.
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For additional information about downloading, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

   ARTICLE-ID: Q119591
   TITLE     : How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online

You can have this Application Note faxed or mailed to you from the automated Microsoft FastTips Technical Library, which you can call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at (800) 936-4200. NOTE: The FastTips Technical Library is available only to customers within the U.S. and Canada. If you are unable to access the source(s) listed above, you can have this Application Note mailed or faxed to you by calling Microsoft Product Support Services Monday through Friday, 6:00 A.M. to 6:00 P.M. Pacific time at (425) 637-7098. If you are outside the United States, contact the Microsoft subsidiary for your area.

KBCategory: kbnetwork kb3rdparty kbfile kbappnote

KBSubcategory: wfw
Additional reference words: appnote wfwg 3.11
Keywords : wfw kb3rdparty kbappnote kbfile kbnetwork
Version : 3.11
Platform : WINDOWS

Last reviewed: May 1, 1997
© 1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Terms of Use.