Microsoft KB Archive/105534

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Article ID: 105534

Article Last Modified on 1/18/2007


  • Microsoft Word 6.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 6.0a
  • Microsoft Word 6.0c
  • Microsoft Word 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 95a
  • Microsoft Word 97 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 2.0 Standard Edition

This article was previously published under Q105534


When you use a Microsoft Visual Basic 3.0 application, you cannot call a Visual Basic for Applications or WordBasic instruction using named arguments. Instead, you must identify these arguments by position using commas as placeholders.

NOTE: Visual Basic 4.0 supports named arguments.

Word 97 Visual Basic for Applications

The following example shows the Visual Basic for Applications syntax as it might appear in a Visual Basic for Applications macro in Word.

   Documents.Open FileName:="""table calculation.doc""", _
   ConfirmConversions:= False, ReadOnly:=False, AddToRecentFiles:=False, _
   PasswordDocument:="", PasswordTemplate:="", Revert:=False, _
   WritePasswordDocument:="", WritePasswordTemplate:="", _

Syntax for the above example

expression.Open(FileName, ConfirmConversions, ReadOnly, AddToRecentFiles,
PasswordDocument, PasswordTemplate, Revert, WritePasswordDocument,
WritePasswordTemplate, Format)

To use this instruction in a Visual Basic 3.0 procedure, you would write:

   WordObj.Documents.Open "C:\Test.doc", False, False, False,,, False,,, 0


The following example shows the WordBasic syntax as it might appear in a Word macro. The instruction opens the document as a read-only file and adds the name to the MRU (Most Recently Used) list on the File menu.

   FileOpen .Name = "D:\Winword\Mydoc.doc", .ReadOnly = 1, AddtoMru = 1

To use this instruction in a Visual Basic procedure, you would write:

   WordObj.FileOpen "D:\Winword\Mydoc.doc", , 1, 1

WordObj is an object variable that refers to WordBasic (the complete Visual Basic procedure is included below). The extra comma after the file name is a placeholder for the ConfirmConversions parameter.

WordBasic parameter syntax:

   FileOpen .Name = text [, .ConfirmConversions = number]
    [, .ReadOnly = number] [, .AddToMru = number] [, .PasswordDoc = text]
    [, .PasswordDot = text] [, .Revert = number]
    [, .WritePasswordDoc = text] [, .WritePasswordDot = text]

The following Visual Basic procedure opens a Word Document as read-only with the file name appearing on the MRU (Most Recently Used) list on the File menu.

   Sub Command1_Click ()
      Dim WordObj As Object
      Set WordObj = CreateObject("Word.Basic")
      WordObj.FileOpen "D:\WINWORD\MYDOC.DOC", , 1, 1
   End Sub


If you want to leave out an argument, you must indicate the missing argument with a comma. Trailing commas at the end of an instruction can be omitted. In the example above, it is not necessary to add additional commas after the final argument.


Most WordBasic statements that correspond to dialog boxes and the positioning of the arguments is documented in the WordBasic Help topics. However, the WordBasic statements for some dialog box tabs include arguments that are irrelevant or that have no effect. Since these arguments are irrelevant, they are not documented in WordBasic Help. However, the Visual Basic 16-bit or 32-bit OLE Automation programmer needs to be aware of these arguments so that he or she can correctly specify arguments by position.

For a listing of these statements and the correct order of the arguments, look to the Position.txt text file. This file is included on the disk included with the Word Developer's Kit (located in the Wrdbasic directory).

The following file is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:

For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

119591 How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services

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Additional query words: ole automation word basic object container position

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