Microsoft KB Archive/105497

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Article ID: 105497

Article Last Modified on 11/21/2006


  • Microsoft Foundation Class Library 4.2, when used with:
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 1.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 1.5 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 1.51
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 1.52 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 1.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 2.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 2.1

This article was previously published under Q105497


The default implementation of CFileDialog allows the user to select a specific file from any drive/directory on the computer. It is possible to derive a class from CFileDialog, creating a new class that allows the user to select only a directory. In addition to deriving a new class, this approach also requires that a custom template be used in conjunction with the new dialog box. The Directory Picker (DIRPK) sample implements this functionality.

The following files are available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:

For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

119591 How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services

Microsoft scanned this file for viruses. Microsoft used the most current virus-detection software that was available on the date that the file was posted. The file is stored on security-enhanced servers that help to prevent any unauthorized changes to the file. DIRPK.EXE was archived as a self-extracting file using the PKware file-compression utility. The archived file contains subdirectories, and therefore, the -d switch needs to be used when decompressing the file to disk.


NOTE: The DIRPK sample was designed using the old style of common file dialogs and will work as intended only on Windows NT 3.51. On Windows 95 and future versions of Windows NT version 4.0, if you want to use the old style of common file dialogs, insure that:

m_ofn.Flags &= ~OFN_EXPLORER;

before calling DoModal() on the CFileDialog object. It is likely, however, that this behavior will change under future versions of Windows and the old style of common file dialogs will go away. The best way to search for a folder instead of a specific file is to use the new ::SHBrowseForFolder() SDK function.

The following steps use the DIRPK sample to derive a class from CFileDialog which allows the user to select only a directory:

  1. Derive a class from CFileDialog. See the DIRPK sample for the specific implementation.
  2. Modify the default CFileDialog dialog box template to suit the needs of your dialog box. When modifying a default template, be sure to leave all existing controls there so you can move them around, but they must exist. (COMMDLG.DLL expects certain controls to exist in the template.) Of course, you can add new controls if desired. The default dialog box templates can be found in the \MSVC\SAMPLES\COMMDLG directory in Visual C++ for Windows. In Visual C++ 32-bit edition, the templates are found in \MSVC\INCLUDE. Each template has a .DLG file extension.
  3. Include the modified template in your application's .RC file. Note that the default dialog box templates contain constant identifiers such as cmb1, lst1, stc1, and so forth. These constants are defined in the DLGS.H file, located in the \\MSVC\INCLUDE directory. You must include this file in your application's .RC file as well. Using App Studio, choose Set Includes from the File menu and enter #include "dlgs.h" in the Read-Only Symbol Directives edit control.
  4. Add any necessary member functions. See the DIRPK sample for implementation details.
  5. Create an object of your new class and call the DoModal function to bring up the dialog box. Code similar to the following should be used:

Sample Code

   cfdlg.m_ofn.hInstance = AfxGetInstanceHandle();
   cfdlg.m_ofn.lpTemplateName = MAKEINTRESOURCE(FILEOPENORD);
   if (IDOK==cfdlg.DoModal())
       ...OK processing...
       ...Error processing...

Additional query words: getopenfilename Dirpk commdlg dirpkr dirpick dirpicker dirpik

Keywords: kbhowto kbdownload kbcmndlgfileo kbsample kbfileio KB105497