Microsoft KB Archive/104644

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Article ID: 104644

Article Last Modified on 4/29/2005



APPLIES TO

  • Microsoft C Professional Development System 6.0a
  • Microsoft C Professional Development System 6.0a
  • Microsoft C/C++ Professional Development System 7.0
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 1.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 1.5 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 2.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Standard Edition



This article was previously published under Q104644

SUMMARY

The sample code below demonstrates how to pass C arrays of type char, short, and long to a Microsoft Macro Assembler (MASM) procedure by reference.

MORE INFORMATION

The samples below include one C file and three different assembly files. The three assembly files demonstrate how to pass variables by reference in small model and large model for MS-DOS and in flat model for Windows NT. Link only the appropriate assembly module to the C module.

Note MASM 6.1 or later and the C/C++ 32-bit compiler that ships with Visual C++, 32-bit Edition, are required to build the flat model Windows NT version.

Sample code

// Filename: CMAIN.C
// Compile options needed: /c
#include <stdio.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

void MasmSub (char *, short *, long *);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

char chararray[4] = "abc";
short shortarray[3]  = {1, 2, 3};
long longarray[3] = {32768, 32769, 32770};

main ()
{
   printf ("%s\n", chararray);
   printf ("%d %d %d\n", shortarray[0], shortarray[1], shortarray[2]);
   printf ("%ld %ld %ld\n", longarray[0], longarray[1], longarray[2]);
   MasmSub (chararray, shortarray, longarray);
   printf ("%s\n", chararray);
   printf ("%d %d %d\n", shortarray[0], shortarray[1], shortarray[2]);
   printf ("%ld %ld %ld", longarray[0], longarray[1], longarray[2]);
}
                

Sample code for MS-DOS small model version

; Filename: MASMSUB.ASM
; Assemble options needed for MASM: /MX
; Assemble options needed for ML: /c /Cx

.MODEL small, C
.286
.CODE

MasmSub PROC uses si, \ 
   arraychar:PTR, \ 
   arrayshort:PTR, \ 
   arraylong:PTR

   mov si, arraychar  ; Load SI with the address of the char array.
   mov BYTE PTR [si], "x"       ; Since a char is 1 byte long, each
   mov BYTE PTR [si+1], "y"     ; successive element can be accessed
   mov BYTE PTR [si+2], "z"     ; by adding 1 more to si.
   mov si, arrayshort ; Load SI with the address of the short array.
   add WORD PTR [si], 7         ; Since a short is 2 bytes long, each
   add WORD PTR [si+2], 7       ; successive element can be accessed
   add WORD PTR [si+4], 7       ; by adding 2 more to si.
   mov si, arraylong  ; Load SI with the address of the long array.
   add WORD PTR [si], 1         ; Since a long is 4 bytes long, each
   adc WORD PTR [si+2], 0       ; successive element in the array
   add WORD PTR [si+4], 1       ; can be accessed by adding 4 more
   adc WORD PTR [si+6], 0       ; to si (or 4 more to si+2 to access
   add WORD PTR [si+8], 1       ; the high word of each element).
   adc WORD PTR [si+10], 0
   ret
MasmSub ENDP
END
                

Sample code for MS-DOS large model version

   ; Filename: MASMSUB.ASM
   ; Assemble options needed for MASM: /MX
   ; Assemble options needed for ML: /c /Cx

   .MODEL large, C
   .286
   .CODE

   MasmSub PROC uses es si, \ 
      arraychar:PTR, \ 
      arrayshort:PTR, \ 
      arraylong:PTR

      les si, arraychar  ; Load ES:SI with the address of the char array.
      mov BYTE PTR es:[si], "x"    ; Since a char is 1 byte long, each
      mov BYTE PTR es:[si+1], "y"  ; successive element can be accessed
      mov BYTE PTR es:[si+2], "z"  ; by adding 1 more to si.
      les si, arrayshort ; Load ES:SI with the address of the short array.
      add WORD PTR es:[si], 7      ; Since a short is 2 bytes long, each
      add WORD PTR es:[si+2], 7    ; successive element can be accessed
      add WORD PTR es:[si+4], 7    ; by adding 2 more to si.
      les si, arraylong  ; Load ES:SI with the address of the long array.
      add WORD PTR es:[si], 1      ; Since a long is 4 bytes long, each
      adc WORD PTR es:[si+2], 0    ; successive element in the array
      add WORD PTR es:[si+4], 1    ; can be accessed by adding 4 more
      adc WORD PTR es:[si+6], 0    ; to si (or 4 more to si+2 to access
      add WORD PTR es:[si+8], 1    ; the high word of each element).
      adc WORD PTR es:[si+10], 0
      ret
   MasmSub ENDP
   END
 
                

Sample code for Windows NT flat model version

; Filename: MASMSUB.ASM
; Assemble options needed for ML: /c /Cx /coff

.386
.MODEL flat, C
.CODE

MasmSub PROC uses esi, \ 
   arraychar:PTR, \ 
   arrayshort:PTR, \ 
   arraylong:PTR

   mov esi, arraychar ; Load ESI with the address of the char array.
   mov BYTE PTR [esi], "x"      ; Since a char is 1 byte long, each
   mov BYTE PTR [esi+1], "y"    ; successive element can be accessed
   mov BYTE PTR [esi+2], "z"    ; by adding 1 more to esi.
   mov esi, arrayshort; Load ESI with the address of the short array.
   add WORD PTR [esi], 7        ; Since a short is 2 bytes long, each
   add WORD PTR [esi+2], 7      ; successive element can be accessed
   add WORD PTR [esi+4], 7      ; by adding 2 more to esi.
   mov esi, arraylong ; Load ESI with the address of the long array.
   inc DWORD PTR [esi]          ; Since a long is 4 bytes long, each
   inc DWORD PTR [esi+4]        ; successive element can be accessed
   inc DWORD PTR [esi+8]        ; by adding 4 more to esi.
   ret
MasmSub ENDP
END
                

The following is the output of the program:

  abc
  1 2 3
  32768 32769 32770
  xyz
  8 9 10
  32769 32770 32771
                


Additional query words: mixed language

Keywords: kbinfo kblangc KB104644