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Microsoft KB Archive/103637

From BetaArchive Wiki

Use EV_RINGTE for Modem Ring Detection


The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit (SDK) 3.1


Many communications applications need ring detection. The documentation for SetCommState() indicates that EV_RING should be the event to set for this purpose. However, the EV_RING bit does not work as expected; the EV_RINGTE (ring indicator trailing edge) event should be used for ring detection.

The trailing edge of the ring indicator (RI) generates a modem status register (MSR) interrupt, which in turn sets the EV_RINGTE bit. EV_RING is set to the current status of RI. Because the interrupt does not occur until RI changes from high to low, EV_RING almost always is low (except when it happens to be high during another MSR interrupt).

The EV_RINGTE event is not referenced in the SetCommEventMask() documentation; however, it is defined in WINDOWS.H, and will be supported in future versions of 16-bit Windows.

NOTE: The information in this article applies to the 16-bit comm driver in Windows 95 also.


EV_RING is set when the ring indicator is detected high during Modem Status Register (MSR) interrupt processing. This is an absolute state, but since it is read only during MSR interrupt processing, it will almost always be zero. The only time it will not be zero is when the ring indicator is high and the MSR interrupt is triggered for some other reason, such as a change in the state of a line (CD, CTS, or DSR). Because of this, EV_RING has no real value for detecting a ring.


EV_RINGTE is set when a ring is detected on the modem. The trailing edge of a ring indicator generates an MSR interrupt, which in turn sets the EV_RINGTE event. Use this event to detect a ring.

Additional query words: 3.10 Win16 no32bit COMM SetCommState event

Keywords : kb16bitonly
Issue type :
Technology : kbAudDeveloper kbWin3xSearch kbSDKSearch kbWinSDKSearch kbWinSDK310

Last Reviewed: November 6, 1999
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