Microsoft KB Archive/101596

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PRB: "Out of Environment Space" Error When Using RUN Command

ID: Q101596

The information in this article applies to:

  • Microsoft FoxPro for MS-DOS, versions 2.0, 2.5, 2.5a


You receive an "Out of Environment Space" error message when you are using a RUN command in FoxPro to execute a batch file or program that issues SET commands or other commands that take up environment space.


When the FoxPro RUN command is issued, it has a default of 256 bytes of environment space. After this 256 bytes is used up, an "Out of Environment Space" error message is displayed.


Issue the RUN command in the following form: '

   RUN c:\ /e:<nnnnn> /c <string> 

The /e:<nnnnn> parameter specifies the environment size; increasing this parameter (for example, to 2048) will cause the "Out of Environment Space" message to disappear. The /c <string> parameter specifies that the command interpreter is to perform the command specified by <string> and then stop.


Increasing the /e: parameter on a SHELL statement has no effect on the above error message because when an MS-DOS virtual machine (VM) is started, it does not inherit the settings from the SHELL statement in the CONFIG.SYS; thus, it is necessary to directly specify the environment space needed when starting the MS-DOS shell.

Steps to Reproduce the Problem

  1. Create a batch file called TEST.BAT and input the following: '

          SET test1=1
          SET test2=2
          SET test3=3
          SET test4=4
          SET test5=5
          SET test6=6
          SET test7=7
          SET test8=8
          SET test9=9
          SET test10=10
          SET test11=11
          SET test12=12
          SET test13=13
          SET test14=14
          SET test15=15
          SET test16=16
          SET test17=17
          SET test18=18
          SET test19=19
          SET test20=20
          SET test21=21
          SET test22=22
          SET test23=23
          SET test24=24
          SET test25=25
          SET test26=26
          SET test27=27
          SET test28=28
          SET test29=29
          SET test30=30
          SET test31=31
          SET test32=32
          SET test33=33
          SET test34=34
          SET test35=35
          SET test36=36
          SET test37=37
          SET test38=38
          SET test39=39
          SET test40=40
  2. Issue the following command in the Command window: '

          RUN c:\test.bat 

    Note that after the SET test4=4 statement is executed that an "Out of Environment Space" error message is displayed.

  3. In the CONFIG.SYS file, change the /e:<nnnnn> environment setting to be twice its current value. Repeat step 2. Note that an "Out of Environment Space" error message is still displayed.
  4. Issue the following command in the Command window: '

          RUN c:\ /e:2048 /c c:\test.bat 

    Note that the "Out of Environment Space" error message is no longer displayed.

Additional query words: FoxDos errmsg err msg

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Last Reviewed: August 8, 1999
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